Whose hand and tongue is capableTo fulﬁl the obligations of thanks to Him? – Sa’di
I would like to express my gratitude to all those who helped me in the completionof this work. Especially I am highly indebted to my advisor, Atish Dabholkar, forhis guidance and stimulating suggestions throughout the work. I would also like tothank all my collaborators, Ashoke Sen, Norihiro Iizuka, Masaki Shigemori and JorisRaeymakaer. I am grateful to Ashoke Sen and Norihiro Iizuka for many inspiring ideasand discussions. Two of our papers have been accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.Lett. and JHEP respectively.I acknowledge the ﬁnancial support from Kanval Rekhi Scholarship and SarojiniDamodaran Scholarship during the course of my work.I thank all the faculty of our department for their kind hospitality which made mystay at TIFR memorable.I thank the staﬀ members of the department, Raju, Pawar, Girish, Shinde and Ajayfor their constant help, whenever needed.I would like to thank all my friends in the institute - Anindya, Punyabrata, Apoorva,Arti, Shamik, Suresh, Sakuntala, Vivek, ..... especially for many stimulating discus-sions covering a wide range of subjects, not necessarily related to physics. I would alsolike to thank Atique, Anver, Amir, Mahbub and Kadir for their kind help and support.I express my deepest gratitude to my grandfather, Shaikh Mujibar Rahman, whohas always been the guiding light of my life. I would like to thank my mother NurunNahar for single handedly supporting me. I also thank my uncle Mohd. Shahab Uddinand my wife Nursheva Salahuddin for their kind support.