In this project work, it is planned to study the compressible flow from various applications.Initially a one dimensional code will be developed for computing the solution in a shock-tube problem. Later the code will be extended to a supersonic flow in a duct. The computer programis written in µ
language. The cell-centred finite volume method is used in the analysis.Different discretization schemes including Lax-Friedrichs scheme, Richtmyer's scheme, Mac
ormack's scheme and Roe
s scheme are accompanied. The code will be extended to two-dimensional and three-dimensional flows. The supersonic flow in different geometries such asshock tube and flow over a ramp will be studied.
.1 Flow through a
The shock tube is an instrument used to replicate and direct blast waves at a sensor or amodel in order to simulate actual explosions and their effects, usually on a smaller scale. Asimple shock tube is a tube, rectangular or circular in cross-section, usually constructed of metal,in which a gas at low pressure and a gas at high pressure are separated using some form of diaphragm. The shock that eventually forms increases the temperature and pressure of the testgas and induces a flow in the direction of the shock wave. A shock is characterized by adiscontinuous change in the thermodynamic properties. In one dimensional flow, shock wavescan form when a series of compression waves coalesce, or when a membrane separating tworegions of differing pressure is suddenly removed. Shock tubes are also used to investigatecompressible flow phenomena and gas phase combustion reactions.
upersonic Flow over a Ramp
The problem to be simulated is supersonic flow over a ramp in a channel. The flow isessentially 2D in nature. The flow is characterized by an oblique shock generated due to thechange in the direction of the supersonic flow caused by the ramp.