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energy storage capcitor

# energy storage capcitor

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02/01/2013

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\u222b
\u222b
\u222b
ENG1030 Electrical Physics and Electronics
B.Lovel l / T.Downs
School of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
1
14/ 05/ 01
Lecture 6
14/ 05/ 01
Energy Storage of Capacitor

\u2022 Capacitors do not dissipate power, but store energy
when charging and restore it to the circuit when
discharging.

\u2022 How much energy does a capacitor store?
=
=
=
T
T
T
dt
dt
dV
VC
VIdt
Pdt
E
0
0
0

RHS allows us to integrate wrt V instead of T, but we must change the upper limit of integration to the final capacitor voltage VT at t=T

2
0
21
T
V
CV
CVdv
E
T
=
=\u222b
In general, just use
the formula
2
21CV
E=
ENG1030 Electrical Physics and Electronics
B.Lovel l / T.Downs
School of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
2
14/ 05/ 01
Lecture 6
14/ 05/ 01
Parallel Capacitors
\u2022 Recall that capacitance is given by
where Q is the charge and V is the applied voltage.

\u2022 Thus if capacitors are placed in parallel, the total charge stored
will sum and hence the equivalent capacitance will just be the
sum of the capacitances of the individual capacitors.

VQ
C=
C3
C2
C1
C1+C2+C3
\u2211=
=
N
i
i
Equiv
C
C
1
Q1
Q2
Q3
QTotal=Q1+Q2+Q3
V
V
ENG1030 Electrical Physics and Electronics
B.Lovel l / T.Downs
School of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
3
14/ 05/ 01
Lecture 6
14/ 05/ 01
Series Capacitors

\u2022 If a current, I, is passed through a set of series
capacitors over a period of time, T, each will acquire
the same charge Q=IT.

\u2022 Each capacitor, Ci, will exhibit a voltage, Vi=Q/Ci.
DC
C3
C2
C1
DC
Q
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
+
+
=
3
1
2
1
1
1
C
C
C
Q
VTotal
\ue004\ue005\ue003
\ue001\ue002\ue000
+
+
=
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
C
C
C
CEquiv
Q
Q
Q
1
1
CQ
V=
2
2
CQ
V=
3
3
CQ
V=
\u2211=
=
N
i
i
Equiv
C
C
1
1
1

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