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Filippo Passerini- On Holographic Non-Local Operators and Multiple M2-Branes Theories

Filippo Passerini- On Holographic Non-Local Operators and Multiple M2-Branes Theories

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On Holographic Non-Local OperatorsandMultiple M2-Branes Theories
byFilippo PasseriniA thesispresented to the University of Waterlooin fulfillment of thethesis requirement for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyinPhysicsWaterloo, Ontario, Canada, 2009c
Filippo Passerini 2009
Author’s declaration 
I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of thethesis, including any required final revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understandthat my thesis may be made electronically available to the public.ii
Gauge-string duality has provided a powerful framework for the study of stronglycoupled gauge theories and non-perturbative string models. This thesis analyzes the holo-graphic description of non-local gauge theory operators and some aspects of the Bagger-Lambert theory. The latter, as a proposal for a multiple M2-branes effective theory, isconjectured to be the holographic dual of a compactification of M-theory.We show that all half-BPS Wilson loop operators in
= 4 SYM – which are labeledby Young tableaus – have a gravitational dual description in terms of D5-branes or alterna-tively in terms of D3-branes in AdS
. We prove that the insertion of a half-BPS Wilsonloop operator in the
= 4 SYM path integral is achieved by integrating out the degreesof freedom on a configuration of bulk D5-branes or alternatively on a configuration of bulkD3-branes. We construct a new class of supersymmetric surface operators in
= 4 SYMand find the corresponding dual supergravity solutions. Consistency requires constructing
=4 SYM in the D7 supergravity background and not in flat space. This enlarges theclass of holographic gauge theories dual to string theory backgrounds to gauge theories innon-trivial supergravity backgrounds. We write down a maximally supersymmetric oneparameter deformation of the field theory action of Bagger and Lambert and we show thatthis theory on
is invariant under the superalgebra of the maximally supersymmetricType IIB plane wave. It is argued that this theory holographically describes the Type IIBplane wave in the discrete light-cone quantization (DLCQ). Finally, we show by explicitcomputation that the Bagger-Lambert Lagrangian realizes the M2-brane superalgebra, in-cluding also two p-form central charges that encode the M-theory intersections involvingM2-branes.iii

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