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Filippo Passerini- On Holographic Non-Local Operators and Multiple M2-Branes Theories

Filippo Passerini- On Holographic Non-Local Operators and Multiple M2-Branes Theories

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On Holographic Non-Local OperatorsandMultiple M2-Branes Theories
byFilippo PasseriniA thesispresented to the University of Waterlooin fulfillment of thethesis requirement for the degree of Doctor of PhilosophyinPhysicsWaterloo, Ontario, Canada, 2009c
Filippo Passerini 2009
 
Author’s declaration 
I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of thethesis, including any required final revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understandthat my thesis may be made electronically available to the public.ii
 
Abstract
Gauge-string duality has provided a powerful framework for the study of stronglycoupled gauge theories and non-perturbative string models. This thesis analyzes the holo-graphic description of non-local gauge theory operators and some aspects of the Bagger-Lambert theory. The latter, as a proposal for a multiple M2-branes effective theory, isconjectured to be the holographic dual of a compactification of M-theory.We show that all half-BPS Wilson loop operators in
= 4 SYM – which are labeledby Young tableaus – have a gravitational dual description in terms of D5-branes or alterna-tively in terms of D3-branes in AdS
5
×
S
5
. We prove that the insertion of a half-BPS Wilsonloop operator in the
= 4 SYM path integral is achieved by integrating out the degreesof freedom on a configuration of bulk D5-branes or alternatively on a configuration of bulkD3-branes. We construct a new class of supersymmetric surface operators in
= 4 SYMand find the corresponding dual supergravity solutions. Consistency requires constructing
 N 
=4 SYM in the D7 supergravity background and not in flat space. This enlarges theclass of holographic gauge theories dual to string theory backgrounds to gauge theories innon-trivial supergravity backgrounds. We write down a maximally supersymmetric oneparameter deformation of the field theory action of Bagger and Lambert and we show thatthis theory on
R
×
2
is invariant under the superalgebra of the maximally supersymmetricType IIB plane wave. It is argued that this theory holographically describes the Type IIBplane wave in the discrete light-cone quantization (DLCQ). Finally, we show by explicitcomputation that the Bagger-Lambert Lagrangian realizes the M2-brane superalgebra, in-cluding also two p-form central charges that encode the M-theory intersections involvingM2-branes.iii

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