FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE
FIGHT FOR DEMOCRACY?:A Contemporary Historical Account of Radical Acehnese Student and YouthMovements
University of MalikussalehLhokseumawe, Acehtudent, as a part of their own society, represents a similar ideas with many of the popular movements in every place in this world. Students are also in the position to be influenced and often to be in the dilemma between two camps of choices.
Student inherits same ideas of nationalism
with their society and keep the construction of new political agenda back to the glorious past. Student is an enlightened group of their society and when the society facing a hard conflict with other, a hero should be born tosolve the conflict in a sophisticated ways.
Student movement were effective to stimulatesocial changes. A change is the base of student’s political movement. They haveestablished a movement since there were impulses to change situations towards hopefulones, to be a solution of a turmoil or a conflict.
There is never an easy solution toconflict which feature ethno-nationalism, and Aceh is certainly no exception to this rule.
But the context under which the conflict is now dealt with is changing. To begin with atragic experience of Acehnese in the decade of atrocity and misery in 1989 till 1998, theAceh conflict is now being addressed within an entirely new political landscape —ademocratic Indonesia, which since 1999 has become the world’s third largest democracy.Democracy, which had been established by the student movements in capital city of Indonesia in 1998, is not necessarily a healing anti-dote for complex ethnic disputes, butthis does not absolve the fact that the policy of the present government on Aceh marks adistinct departure from the ways of the past.
School and Politic: The Kaum Muda Movement in West Sumatra (1927-1933)
, (Ithaca and New York: Cornell Modern Indonesian Project, Monograph Series, 1971).
Benedict R.O.G. Anderson,
Imagined Community: Reflections on The Origin and Spread of Nationalism
, (London: Verso, 1983).
What I mean with ‘sophisticated way’ is a kind of struggle by using several manipulations andtactics where sometime cultural background of a society (such as religion) put behind and not
vis a vis
Philip G. Altbach,
Politik dan Mahasiswa: Perspektif dan Kecenderungan Masa Kini
, (trans.),(Jakarta: Gramedia, 1988).
Taufik Abdullah, “Islam, Sejarah, dan Politik di Aceh” [Islam, History, and Politic in Aceh], inTaufik Abdullah (ed.),
Sejarah dan Masyarakat [History and Society]
, (Jakarta: LP3ES, 1987).