JHEP 0 9 ( 2 0 0 0 ) 0 1 2
July 31, 2000,
September 8, 2000
A critical cosmological constant frommillimeter extra dimensions
Jiunn-Wei Chen, Markus A. Luty and Eduardo Pont´on
Department of Physics, University of Maryland College Park, Maryland 20742, USAEmail:
We consider ‘brane universe’ scenarios with standard-model ﬁelds lo-calized on a 3-brane in 6 spacetime dimensions. We show that if the spacetime isrotationally symmetric about the brane, local quantities in the bulk are insensitiveto the couplings on the brane. This potentially allows compactiﬁcations where theeﬀective 4-dimensional cosmological constant is independent of the couplings on the3-brane. We consider several possible singularity-free compactiﬁcation mechanisms,and ﬁnd that they do not maintain this property. We also ﬁnd solutions with nakedspacetime singularities, and we speculate that new short-distance physics can be-come important near the singularities and allow a compactiﬁcation with the desiredproperties. The picture that emerges is that standard-model loop contributions tothe eﬀective 4-dimensional cosmological constant can be cut oﬀ at distances shorterthan the compactiﬁcation scale. At shorter distance scales, renormalization eﬀectsdue to standard-model ﬁelds renormalize the 3-brane tension, which changes a deﬁcitangle in the transverse space without aﬀecting local quantities in the bulk. For acompactiﬁcation scale of order 10
mm, this gives a standard-model contribution tothe cosmological constant in the range favored by cosmology.