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Jiunn-Wei Chen, Markus A. Luty and Eduardo Ponton- A critical cosmological constant from millimeter extra dimensions

Jiunn-Wei Chen, Markus A. Luty and Eduardo Ponton- A critical cosmological constant from millimeter extra dimensions

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A critical cosmological constant from millimeter extra dimensions
This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.JHEP09(2000)012(http://iopscience.iop.org/1126-6708/2000/09/012)Download details:IP Address: article was downloaded on 23/09/2010 at 18:31Please note thatterms and conditions apply.Viewthe table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepagefor more HomeSearchCollectionsJournalsAboutContact usMy IOPscience
 JHEP 0  9   (  0  0  0   )  0 
July 31, 2000,
September 8, 2000 
A critical cosmological constant frommillimeter extra dimensions
Jiunn-Wei Chen, Markus A. Luty and Eduardo Pont´on
Department of Physics, University of Maryland College Park, Maryland 20742, USAEmail:
We consider ‘brane universe’ scenarios with standard-model fields lo-calized on a 3-brane in 6 spacetime dimensions. We show that if the spacetime isrotationally symmetric about the brane, local quantities in the bulk are insensitiveto the couplings on the brane. This potentially allows compactifications where theeffective 4-dimensional cosmological constant is independent of the couplings on the3-brane. We consider several possible singularity-free compactification mechanisms,and find that they do not maintain this property. We also find solutions with nakedspacetime singularities, and we speculate that new short-distance physics can be-come important near the singularities and allow a compactification with the desiredproperties. The picture that emerges is that standard-model loop contributions tothe effective 4-dimensional cosmological constant can be cut off at distances shorterthan the compactification scale. At shorter distance scales, renormalization effectsdue to standard-model fields renormalize the 3-brane tension, which changes a deficitangle in the transverse space without affecting local quantities in the bulk. For acompactification scale of order 10
mm, this gives a standard-model contribution tothe cosmological constant in the range favored by cosmology.
 JHEP 0  9   (  0  0  0   )  0 
1. Introduction12. The mechanism33. Bulk solutions54. Compactification7
4.1Minimal 4-branes74.2Non-minimal 4-branes84.3Warp factor compactification124.4Singular compactification?13
5. Effective field theory146. Conclusions16
1. Introduction
The cosmological constant problem is by far the most severe fine-tuning problemin physics. Despite many interesting proposals (see [1] for a review) the problemstill lacks a compelling solution. Recently, there has been an interesting idea inthe context of the ‘brane universe’ scenario that may solve part of the cosmologicalconstant problem, namely the sensitivity of the effective low-energy cosmologicalconstant to standard-model radiative corrections [2,3]. In this proposal the standard- model fields are assumed to be localized on a 3-brane in 5 spacetime dimensions.It was argued in [2,3] that special bulk-brane interactions can be chosen so that solutions with unbroken 4-dimensional Poincar´e invariance exist independently of thestandard model parameters and the 3-brane tension. The solutions found in [2,3] have a naked spacetime singularity, whose resolution in a more fundamental theoryof gravity was argued to play an important role in this scenario. On the other hand,the description of the cancellation mechanism of the cosmological constant from alow-energy field theory perspective is not evident. Also, it is not clear whether theseideas can be extended to eliminate the fine-tuning of bulk interactions [4].In this paper we describe a mechanism for relaxing the cosmological constantthat incorporates some of the features of [2,3], and that addresses some of these 1

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