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WindStar Wildlife Institute
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uby-throated hummingbirdsare the only hummingbirds tonest east of the Mississippi. Infact, you can find them in allstates in the eastern half of theU.S. and all Canadian provincesexcept British Columbia.Plus, they are the only ones thatnormally migrate, non-stop, 600miles across the Gulf of Mexico.This feat requires extra energy,which the birds obtain by storingfat, increasing their preflightweight by 50 percent. They winterin Mexico and Central America.Migration northward normallybegins in February and the returnin late July.Because they are so active,hummingbirds have high calorieneeds. Their rapid flight is similarto insects and unique to birds.Instead of having wings withseveral moveable joints, they haveonly one joint, at the shoulder. Thispermits them to fly with moreflexibility, with their upstroke justas powerful as their down stroke.They can hover and fly forward andbackward.For many of us, the hard work that goes into creating andmaintaining our wildscapes andflower gardens pays off when weare able to attract hummingbirdsand observe them.There are two ways to attractthem to your property
plantflowers, shrubs, and trees thatproduce nectar over a long periodof time, or put out sugar waterfeeders.The wildflowers that seem toattract the most hummingbirdsare red or orange. They includeblanket flower, butterfly weed,Indian blanket or paintbrush, redcorn poppy, sweet William, swampmilkweed, wild columbine, and beebalm.In the flower beds the favoritesare begonia, cardinal flower, coralbells, dahlia, fuchsia, geranium,impatiens, foxglove, nasturtium,snapdragon, scarlet sage, petuniaand verbena. Azalea, lilac,rhododendron, weigela, butterflybush, and honeysuckle are theirfavorite shrubs. Floweringcrabapple, hawthorn, and locustappear to be their favorite trees.But, without a doubt, trumpetvine is their favorite source for
Gardeners would probably put hummingbirds near the top of the list of wildlife they would like to attract to their backyards. Not only do the tiny birds complement the beauty of the flowers, they are fascinating to watch.
HummingbirdsWill Return If YouProvide Food