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Table Of Contents

First Encounter with Chaos
1.1 Prologue
1.2 The nonlinear pendulum
1.3 The damped nonlinear pendulum
1.4 The vertically driven and damped nonlinear pendulum
1.5 What about the predictability of pendulum evolution?
1.6 Epilogue
The Language of Dynamical Systems
2.1 Ordinary Differential Equations (ODE)
2.1.1 Conservative and dissipative dynamical systems
BoxB.1: Hamiltonian dynamics
2.1.2 Poincar´e Map
2.2 Discrete time dynamical systems: maps
2.2.1 Two dimensional maps
2.3 The role of dimension
2.4 Stability theory
2.4.1 Classification of fixed points and linear stability analysis
BoxB.2: A remark on the linear stability of symplectic maps
2.4.2 Nonlinear stability
2.5 Exercises
Examples of Chaotic Behaviors
3.1 The logistic map
BoxB.3: Topological conjugacy
3.2 The Lorenz model
BoxB.4: Derivation of the Lorenz model
3.3 The H´enon-Heiles system
3.4 What did we learn and what will we learn?
BoxB.5: Correlation functions
3.5 Closing remark
3.6 Exercises
Probabilistic Approach to Chaos
4.1 An informal probabilistic approach
4.2 Time evolution of the probability density
BoxB.6: Markov Processes
4.3 Ergodicity
4.3.1 An historical interlude on ergodic theory
BoxB.7: Poincar´e recurrence theorem
4.3.2 Abstract formulation of the Ergodic theory
4.4 Mixing
4.5 Markov chains and chaotic maps
4.6 Natural measure
4.7 Exercises
5.1 Strange attractors
5.2 Fractals and multifractals
5.2.1 Box counting dimension
5.2.2 The stretching and folding mechanism
5.2.3 Multifractals
BoxB.8: Brief excursion on Large Deviation Theory
5.2.4 Grassberger-Procaccia algorithm
5.3 Characteristic Lyapunov exponents
BoxB.9: Algorithm for computing Lyapunov Spectrum
5.3.1 Oseledec theorem and the law of large numbers
5.3.2 Remarks on the Lyapunov exponents
5.3.3 Fluctuation statistics of finite time Lyapunov exponents
5.3.4 Lyapunov dimension
6.1.1 Landau-Hopf
BoxB.11: Hopf bifurcation
BoxB.12: The Van der Pol oscillator and the averaging technique
6.1.2 Ruelle-Takens
6.2 The period doubling transition
6.2.1 Feigenbaum renormalization group
6.4 A mathematical remark
6.5 Transition to turbulence in real systems
6.5.1 A visit to laboratory
6.6 Exercises
Chaos in Hamiltonian Systems
7.1 The integrability problem
7.1.1 Poincar´e and the non-existence of integrals of motion
7.2 Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem and the survival of tori
BoxB.13: Arnold diffusion
7.3 Poincar´e-Birkhoff theorem and the fate of resonant tori
7.4 Chaos around separatrices
BoxB.14: The resonance-overlap criterion
7.5 Melnikov’s theory
7.5.1 An application to the Duffing’s equation
7.6 Exercises
Chaos and Information Theory
8.1 Chaos, randomness and information
8.2 Information theory, coding and compression
8.2.1 Information sources
8.2.2 Properties and uniqueness of entropy
8.2.3 Shannon entropy rate and its meaning
BoxB.15: Transient behavior of block-entropies
8.2.4 Coding and compression
8.3 Algorithmic complexity
8.4.3 Chaos, unpredictability and uncompressibility
8.5 Concluding remarks
8.6 Exercises
9.1 Finite-resolution versus infinite-resolution descriptions
9.2 ε-entropy in information theory: lossless versus lossy coding
9.2.1 Channel capacity
9.2.2 Rate distortion theory
BoxB.18: ε-entropy for the Bernoulli and Gaussian source
9.3 ε-entropy in dynamical systems and stochastic processes
9.3.1 Systems classification according to ε-entropy behavior
BoxB.19: ε-entropy from exit-times statistics
9.4 The finite size lyapunov exponent (FSLE)
9.4.1 Linear vs nonlinear instabilities
9.4.2 Predictability in systems with different characteristic times
9.5 Exercises
10.1 Chaos in silico
BoxB.20: Round-off errors and floating-point representation
10.1.1 Shadowing lemma
10.1.2 The effects of state discretization
BoxB.21: Effect of discretization: a probabilistic argument
10.2 Chaos detection in experiments
10.3.2 Scale-dependent signal classification
10.3.3 Chaos or noise? A puzzling dilemma
10.4 Prediction and modeling from data
10.4.1 Data prediction
10.4.2 Data modeling
Chaos in Low Dimensional Systems
11.1 Celestial mechanics
11.1.1 The restricted three-body problem
11.1.2 Chaos in the Solar system
BoxB.23: A symplectic map for Halley comet
11.2 Chaos and transport phenomena in fluids
BoxB.24: Chaos and passive scalar transport
11.2.1 Lagrangian chaos
BoxB.25: Point vortices and the two-dimensional Euler equation
11.2.2 Chaos and diffusion in laminar flows
BoxB.26: Relative dispersion in turbulence
11.2.3 Advection of inertial particles
11.3 Chaos in population biology and chemistry
11.3.1 Population biology: Lotka-Volterra systems
11.3.2 Chaos in generalized Lotka-Volterra systems
11.3.3 Kinetics of chemical reactions: Belousov-Zhabotinsky
BoxB.27: Michaelis-Menten law of simple enzymatic reaction
11.3.4 Chemical clocks
BoxB.28: A model for biochemical oscillations
11.4 Synchronization of chaotic systems
11.4.1 Synchronization of regular oscillators
11.4.2 Phase synchronization of chaotic oscillators
11.4.3 Complete synchronization of chaotic systems
Spatiotemporal Chaos
12.1 Systems and models for spatiotemporal chaos
12.1.1 Overview of spatiotemporal chaotic systems
12.1.2 Networks of chaotic systems
12.2 The thermodynamic limit
12.3 Growth and propagation of space-time perturbations
12.3.1 An overview
12.3.2 “Spatial” and “Temporal” Lyapunov exponents
12.3.3 The comoving Lyapunov exponent
12.3.4 Propagation of perturbations
BoxB.29: Stable chaos and supertransients
12.3.5 Convective chaos and sensitivity to boundary conditions
12.4 Non-equilibrium phenomena and spatiotemporal chaos
BoxB.30: Non-equilibrium phase transitions
12.4.1 Spatiotemporal perturbations and interfaces roughening
12.4.2 Synchronization of extended chaotic systems
12.4.3 Spatiotemporal intermittency
12.5 Coarse-grained description of high dimensional chaos
12.5.1 Scale-dependent description of high-dimensional systems
13.1 Fluids as dynamical systems
13.2 Statistical mechanics of ideal fluids and turbulence phenomenology
13.2.1 Three dimensional ideal fluids
13.2.2 Two dimensional ideal fluids
13.2.3 Phenomenology of three dimensional turbulence
13.2.4 Phenomenology of two dimensional turbulence
13.3.1 On the number of degrees of freedom of turbulence
13.3.2 The Galerkin method
13.3.3 Point vortices method
13.3.4 Proper orthonormal decomposition
13.3.5 Shell models
13.4 Predictability in turbulent systems
13.4.1 Small scales predictability
13.4.2 Large scales predictability
13.4.3 Predictability in the presence of coherent structures
14.1 An influential unpublished paper
14.1.1 Toward an explanation: Solitons or KAM?
BoxB.32: Pseudochaos and diffusion
Epilogue
Bibliography
Index
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9814277657ChaosB

9814277657ChaosB

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Published by: Joseph Dimos on Jan 24, 2012
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