The Uruguay Round ( or the lastGATT Round) created anOrganization called WTO onJan1,1995 to resolve tradedisputes among membercountries.
The Uruguay agreement requiredthe member countries to enterinto an agreement on IntellectualProperty Rights to establish acommon scheme of protection tobe given by all member countries.The agreement was called TRIPs.
It covered Patents, Copyrights,Trademarks, Designs andGeographical Indications.
The Patents Act , 1970
The Act contains XXIII Chapters which are relatedto patenting procedures , InternationalArrangement and other miscellaneous matters.
The Act is regulated by Patents Rules (asamended in 2006) which contains informationregarding , fees , forms etc.
Under this Act, the Govt. of India is alsoauthorized to make rules for carrying out thepurposes of the Act.