Shutter Speed 1/180 sec., Aperture F2.8, ISO 50
Aim your camera out the window toward a street light at night or at a scene mostly indeep shadows, like the one above. Look at the histogram produced:At a glance, we can see that most of the pixels tend toward the dark (D) side. The pixelsalso touch the left edge, so we know that there are underexposed (
-- thankyou, Goldilocks) areas in our picture. To obtain a correct exposure, we can do a couple of things, taking the above picture as example:
In Program AE mode, dial in a positive exposure compensation in +1/3EV steps.(For the above picture, we'll dial in +1/3EV.)
In Manual mode, dial in a slower shutter speed, while retaining the same aperture.(For the above picture, the shutter speed used was 1/180 sec., so we'll dial in aslower shutter speed at 1/125 sec.)
In Manual mode, dial in a wider aperture, while retaining the same shutter speed.(For the above picture, an aperture of F2.8 was used, so we'll set a wider apertureof F2.0.)Depending on your camera, you may or may not be able to do one or more of the above.For example, most consumer digital cameras have a maximum aperture of F2.8, so wewould
be able to try the third option.What we are doing is telling the camera to ignore its light meter and allow the light toregister on the image sensor for a while longer. We want the histogram to shift right.