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Solomon's Temple Pattern

Solomon's Temple Pattern

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Published by joe
A detailed description of Solomon's Temple.
A detailed description of Solomon's Temple.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: joe on Nov 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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original

 
by David Sielaff, Director
 
The first Temple built by Solomon was constructed from plans given by God to David. WhenGod refused David permission to build the Temple (2 Samuel 7 and 1 Chronicles 17), Davidtook the plans and gave them to his son and designated heir, Solomon (1 Chronicles 28:1–19).Solomon constructed the Temple according to those plans. This article will discuss the detailsof the plan.
 
 Background 
 Dr. Martin wrote that the scene in Eden in the early chapters of Genesis shows that the Gardenwithin Eden was a sanctuary where God dwelt.
1
 
“God planted a garden eastward inEden”
(Genesis 2:8). The structure of Eden and its environs were in the shape of the later Taberna-cle and Temples.In Genesis 6:13–16 we have the digest account of God giving Noah specifications for constructionof the Ark. There is no mention that a “pattern” or model was given to Noah, although the measure-ments of length, breadth and height were precise.Moses was also given instructions for the tent structure that God wanted built — the Tabernacle.When Moses was up in Mount Sinai God showed him the “pattern” of the Tabernacle and all theinstruments that were to be used within it (Exodus chapters 24–31). He was instructed to make theTabernacle and the instruments exactly as God showed him.
“And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, ‘Speak unto the children of Israel, thatthey bring me an offering: of every man that gives it willingly with his heart youshall take my offering. ...
 
And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. According toall that Ishow you, after the pattern
[
tabniyth
]
of the tabernacle, and the pattern
[
tabniyth
]
of all the instruments thereof, even so shall you make it.’”
 
 Exodus 25:1–2, 8–9
 
The Hebrew word for “pattern” in verse 9 is
tabniyth.
It is elsewhere translated in the King JamesVersion as
likeness, form, similitude
and
 figure.
The term “pattern” fits and works for most all in-stances. Another translation that could easily be used is “model” in some contexts because, as somescholars believe, the root of 
tabniyth
is the word
banah,
“to build.” Without doubt the meaning of the word indicates something that has a likeness or a similarity to the final product or to an originalthat can be represented in some way. The author of Hebrews clearly states that on Mt. Sinai Mosessaw a representation of the heavenly Tabernacle,
2
 
“Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was ad-monished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, ‘See,’ says he,‘that you make all things according to the pattern showed to you in the
The Pattern of the Temple
 
 
mount.’”
 
 Hebrews 8:5
 
After describing all the instruments Moses should make for the Tabernacle, God concludes by say-ing,
“And look that you make them after their pattern
[tabniyth]
, which was showedyou in the mount.”
 
 Exodus 25:40
 
 David’s Desire, and His Command to Solomon
 David greatly desired and intended to build the Temple, but God prevented him from doing so be-cause he was
“a man of war, and has shed blood”
(1 Chronicles 28:3). David therefore gatheredall the necessary materials together for the construction of the Temple.When David was near death he had Solomon, prince and heir to the throne (chosen by God,1 Chronicles 28:5 and 29:1), brought before him with the people of Israel attending. All were to betold important information concerning the construction of the Temple that God would allow Solo-mon to build.
“And you, Solomon my son, ... Take heed now; for the Lord hath chosen you tobuild an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.”
 
1 Chronicles 28:9–10
 
The Pattern
 David gave Solomon
“the pattern”
of the Temple.
3
This pattern was the design that David himself intended to use to build the Temple. David made it clear that Solomon was to use the same patternthat David wished to use. Although Solomon would perform the actual construction of the Temple,it would be the design that David intended. I have set out the verse in an outline format for clarity.
“Then David gave to Solomon his son the pattern
[
tabniyth
]
of the porch, andof the houses thereof, andof the treasuries thereof, andof the upper chambers thereof, andof the inner parlors thereof, andof the place of the mercy seat,
 
And the pattern
[
tabniyth
]
of all that he had by the spirit,
 
of the courts of the house of the Lord, andof all the chambers round about,of the treasuries of the house of God, andof the treasuries of the dedicated things:
 
 
Also
[David gave to Solomon the pattern
 
]
for the courses of the priests and the Levites, andfor all the work of the service of the house of the Lord, andfor all the vessels of service in the house of the Lord.”
 
1 Chronicles 28:11–13
 
God even specified the weight in gold and silver for the various implements and tools used for thefuture Temple service. All were part of “the pattern” as were
“the courses of the priests and theLevites”
and even how they were to do the work. That is a great amount of detail.
“He gave of gold
 
by weight for things of gold, for all instruments of all manner of service;
 
silver also for all instruments of silver
 
by weight, for all instruments of every kind of service:
Even the weight for the candlesticks of gold, and for their lampsof gold,
by weight for every candlestick, and for the lamps thereof:
 
and for the candlesticks of silver
 
by weight, both for the candlestick, and also for the lampsthereof,
 
according to the use of every candlestick.
 [Some instruments, candlesticks and lamps were made of gold; others were made of silver. All were provided for by weight. The list continues,]
And by weight
 
he gave gold for the tables of shewbread, for every table; and
likewise silver for the tables of silver:
 
Also pure gold
 
for the fleshhooks,
and the bowls, and
the cups: and
for the golden basins
 
he gave gold by weight for every basin; andlikewise silver by weight for every basin of silver: Andfor the altar of incense refined gold by weight; andgold for the pattern
[
tabniyth
]
of the chariot of the cherubims, that spread outtheir wings, and

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