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Fly Fishing Techniques and how to do it easily

Fly Fishing Techniques and how to do it easily

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Published by killergraffix
Fly Fishing Techniques and tricks
Fly Fishing Techniques and tricks

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Published by: killergraffix on Jan 24, 2012
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 ==== ====Fly Fishing Techniques For Trouthttp://www.flyfishingtechniquesfortrout.com ==== ====Wiper, the hybrid striped bass/white bass, is gaining a lot of popularity in fishing circles acrossColorado and surrounding areas that have wiper fisheries. The greatest excitement is probablyfound among the relatively small circle of fly fishers who pursue them. Once you find these fish,fooling them with a fly is not difficult. The powerful fight that entails is something that will almostmake you wonder why you'd fish for anything else. Now, wiper are fairly mysterious fish and volumes have not been written on the subject of fishingfor them. As with any type of fishing article, authors offer information based on their experiences,leaving the door wide open for an array of other tactics, insights, and opinions. It seems everyone Italk to about wiper have their own thoughts that have been formulated not by magazine articlesand fishing shows, but from their own personal quests. This article is nothing different. I have putin many hours behind the reel searching for these steamrollers, and the following is a compilationof my experiences. Fly fishing for wiper can be humbling, but if you get that one trip under your belt where you reallyget into them and figure them out, you will be hooked for life. Having these hybrid-vigor fueled fishtear line out of your hands is an amazing feeling, and we should consider ourselves lucky to havethis fish available to us. It's like saltwater fishing in the Rockies. Wiper will eat forage fish about the width of the gape of their mouth, entitling this 6-inch shad to bedinner for the big boys. Finding the fish:The most important thing in any type of fishing is locating the fish. If you're fishing trout in a riveryou look for pockets and runs of the right depth, size, and water speed. When smallmouth fishingin a lake, you look for certain structure and depth depending on the time of year, or you surveywith your electronics. Whatever the scenario, if you find the spots where the living is easy and thefood aplenty, you will find big fish. It is often assumed wiper travel constantly and randomly around the lake in schools at generallyhigh speeds picking off whatever food they come across. My thoughts are that this is partiallycorrect. I have witnessed their schooling mentality and their speed of travel. One moment they willbust near the surface 50 yards to the east, and the next you will see them flashing underneathyour boat and onto the west. But I don't think it is completely random. Those frustrated by thisthought, hang in there. This may not be an easy fish to locate, but I don't think it's a crap shot. Every fish has some level of energy conservation written into their DNA. If they did not, they wouldexhaust themselves swimming about freely all day long. Think about trout in a river - the biggestfish will take the best spots where current is slight but carries plenty of oxygen and food so they
 
can keep growing big and fat. Wiper are no different. They have spots and patterns on each body of water that provide what theyneed - food. With little current to speak of in general, forage is the key. They are not so much likebass that they need cover and structure to ambush fish. They are more effective schooling andtaking a team-based approach to feeding. The best example of this is when they corral baitfish tothe surface, bay, or other type of trap so they can perform their signature "busting" feast. Wind blowing into any structure makes that structure better. This complex has plenty to offerwiper, especially traps for schooling baitfish. But what about when they are not busting baitfish near the surface? I believe they are doingsimilar things subsurface. Here's where experience with a lake, knowing structure and watertemperatures on the lake, and understanding wiper movement comes into play the most. Wiperlike other fish will use underwater structure, edges if you will, as their highways. Perhaps it is adepth breakline, submerged road beds, rocks, sunken trees, or humps. Perhaps it's a weed line,mud line, or inlet/outlet channel. Whatever it is, these edges define a path for them. These fishtravel in a route consistent with edges and the availability of food. The "available and abundant" theory expressed by a variety of authors is alive and well. Whereverthere is an abundance of food that is highly available to predators, you will find fish. So is the casewith wiper. However, don't expect the schools to sit still in one area for long. Instead expect theschools to travel paths between or with abundant food sources. That's right, I said "with." Wiperare ravenous beasts. They have been known to decimate forage populations. They are livingvacuums. In understanding this, definitely consider baitfish schools structure. Wiper almostcertainly corral and follow schools of shad and other forage fish when abundantly present. One ofthe best indicators in finding wiper is prevailing wind. Always check the leeward side of a lakewhich may harbor schools of baitfish. Chasing wiper around a lake is not often considered a smart thing to do. It wears out trolling motorbatteries and may tear your heart out. Don't get me wrong, I do it myself all the time - especiallywhen the busting activity is moving slowly in semi-predictable fashion. I am not the type to sit inone spot and fish for hours even if it is the best choice. My only recommendation is to find a happymedium. Surface water temperatures are one important piece of the puzzle that will help you find wipers.These temps combined with knowledge of the fish's movement and preferred forage will provide agood starting point to finding wipers on any given day. In the spring as surface water tempsapproach the 50's, wiper will become more and more active. Optimal temps are relative to a bodyof water and strain of fish, but in general the farther away you get from the optimal range for anyfish, the lower their metabolism and thus the less they are compelled to eat and the slower theiractions will be. One of the reasons we put the Fish Explorer website together is to provide information that willhelp you find fish in individual water bodies. Our focus on water temperatures is not simply anovelty. If you understand how water temperatures affect fish on a particular lake, you are onestep ahead of the game. 
 
As wiper become more active in the early season, they reportedly go into a false-spawn. At lakeswith active, accessible inlet streams at the right time of year, as Jackson Lake in northeastColorado often experiences, wiper will actually run up the inlets as if spawning. In other placessuch as Union Reservoir, we have seen hordes of wiper stacked outside the inlet in a typical pre-spawn staging. It is also possible that these fish are relating to the shad that are in spawn mode.Whatever the reason for this activity, it would be a good place to check these inlet areas early inthe season and any time of year, especially when the water is flowing. Outlets are also a good place to scope out wipers any time of year, especially when the faucetsare turned on. At Jackson Lake it was reported that several hundred wiper escaped into the outletriver, compelling officials to put in a screen downstream to capture the AWOL and return them tothe reservoir. In both of these cases, one thing is for sure - food organisms up and down the chain are drawn tothese areas at any time of the year, which may prove to be enough draw to concentrate theseever-feeding fish. When surface water temps are in the mid 50's to mid 60's wiper fishing seems to be the best inColorado. They will be active in the upper column of water meaning they are more readilyavailable and recognizable to the fly fisherman. The upper column feeding means that fish will bein the shallows, or they may be over deeper water but up high. During this period, you will alsowitness good wiper fishing all day, as opposed to the oft-assumed theory that wiper are only low-light feeders. I believe wiper feed all day just like trout in a river, because they inherently like toexpend energy by swimming around and thus must eat accordingly. Analyzing satellite images can help you determine lake structure. In this image of Jackson Lakeyou can easily see where the "flats" are versus the main basin, which may lead you to warmerwater areas in the early-season. As water temps rise, the fish will typically move deeper to more comfortable water. The temps arebetter, the forage thinks so too, and sunlight/UV rays will be more dispersed. This is the mostdifficult time to find wiper, and you really need to put your time in and get to know a lake for itsstructure and tendencies. Often experimentation and time on the water will be the primary key toyour success. During these times you may find wiper moving back to the surface column at night,dawn, dusk, and very cloudy days. This is the typical low-light feeding scenario aforementioned.Wiper will still be feeding mid-day, just deeper. If you're like most people and like to see fish in theupper column or in close to shorelines, fish the low-light times. As fall approaches and water temps lower, wiper will move back into the upper column and youwill again be greeted with more optimal fishing conditions. As is typical with most fish species, thepre-ice season turns wiper into ravenous beasts. They will feed heavily. Catching this period willoften produce larger fish due to the fact the fish have been growing all season and are eager toeat whatever they can before they slow down for the winter. Two thoughts come to mind at this point as I run out of ideas to express on how to find these fish:non-standard structure and rise identification. As Dick Pearson describes so well in his book"Muskies on the Shield", structure is not necessarily always stationary and permanent like points,humps, and weeds. Often edges can be defined in less physical terms. Other edges you may

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