Flange Face Surface Finish
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) code for flanges and flanged fittings (ANSIB16.5) requires that the flange face has a specific roughness to ensure that this surface becompatible with the gasket and provide a high quality seal. A serratedfinish, either concentric or spiral, is required with 30 to 55 grooves per inch and a resultant roughness between 125 and 500micro inches.This allows for various grades of surface finish to be made available by flange manufactures for the gasket contact surface of metal flanges. These grades are often referred to by name e.g. stock finish. The exact definition of each grade may differ between manufacturers, but can begeneralizedas follows;
The gasket contact surface is typically formedby a continuous (sometimes called phonographic)spiral groove generated by a 1.6mm radius round-nosed tool at a feed rate of 0.8mm per revolution with a depth of 0.15mm. This will result in a roughness between Ra 3.2 and 12.5micrometers (125-500microinch).
No definite tool marking should be apparent to the naked eye. This is typically achieved byhaving the gasket contact surface formed by a continuous (sometimes called phonographic)spiral groove generated by a 0.8mm radius round-nosed tool at a feed rate of 0.3mm per revolution with a depth of 0.05mm. This will result in a roughness between Ra 3.2 and 6.3micrometers (125-250micro inch).
Hydrogen Service Finish
The finish for flanges in hydrogen service is very smooth, typicallybetween Ra 2 and 3.2micrometers (79-125micro inch).
Cold Water Finish
The flange face appears as mirror like. This flange finish is usually expected to be used withmetal to metal contact, i.e. without a gasket. It is seldom used in the oil,petrochemicalandrelated industries.