a study design in which data are collected at one point in time; sometimes used toinfer change over time when data are collected from different age or developmentalgroupsOPTION D- Evaluative study is a research that investigates how well a program,practice or policy is workingSOURCE: Polit and Beck, Nursing Research, 7th ed, pp 712, 715 717, 7237. The process recording was the principal tool for data collection. Which ofthe following is NOT a part of a process recording?a. Non verbal narrative accountb. Audio and interpretationc. Audio-visual recordingd. Verbal narrative accountCORRECT ANSWER: CRATIONALE: Process recordings are written records of segment from the nurse-clientsession that reflects closely as possible the verbal and non-verbal behaviors ofboth client and nurse. It is usually best of the student can write notes verbatimin a private area immediately after the interaction has taken place. Nurses recordtheir words and client’s words, identify whether the responses are therapeutic,and recall their emotions at that time.OPTIONS A, B & D- all are part of process recordingSOURCE: Varcarolis, Foundations of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 4th ed, p2458. Which of these does NOT happen in a descriptive study?a. Describing relationship among variablesb. Exploration of relationships between two or more phenomenac. Manipulation of phenomenon in real life contextd. Manipulation of a variableCORRECT ANSWER: DRATIONALE: Descriptive research is a nonexperimental study. The purpose of it isto observe, describe, and document aspects of a situation as it naturally occursand sometimes to serve as a starting point for hypothesis generation or theorydevelopment. The aim of this study is to describe relationship among variables.Neither of the variables could be experimentally manipulated.OPTIONS A, B, C- all happens in a descriptive studySOURCE: Polit and Beck, Nursing Research, 7th ed, pp 192, 1959. The investigator also provided the nursing care of the subject. Theinvestigator is referred to as a/an.a. Participant-observerb. Observer researcherc. Caregiverd. AdvocateCORRECT ANSWER: CRATIONALE: The primary role of caregiver is the primary role of the nurse. Theprovision of care to patients that combines both the art and the science ofnursing in meeting all the aspect of well being.OPTION A- the researcher participates as a member of the group and observes thegroup at the same time in data collectionOPTION B-the researcher observes a particular group and records behaviors oractivitiesOPTION D- in advocate role, the nurse informs the client and then supports him orher in whatever decision he or she makes. Advocacy is the process of acting in theclient’s behalf when he or she cannot do so.