As you can see, there are many factors which can influence the results of the hematocrit test. However,this is still a good baseline lab test for the patient. It helps the physician to diagnose and to treat thepatient with any disease which will lower or raise the Hct levels.
Test: Red Blood Cell Count RBC count
A count of actual (or estimated) number of RBC's per cubic mm of whole blood.Normal Values:males: 4.5 to 6.0 million/cu mm bloodfemales: 4.0 to 5.5 million/cu mm bloodClinical Implications:The RBC count is useful for determining such problems as anemia and hemorrhage. In combination withother hematology tests, it can be quite useful for diagnosis. This test can also give an indirect estimate of the hemoglobin levels in the blood. RBC's are actually "Red Blood Corpuscles," (non-nucleated cells).The term corpuscle indicates that it is a mature Red Blood Cell. Once the immature cell has matured, it isthen, and only then, capable of carrying oxygen. It is then also not "technically" a cell anymore. Once ithas matured, it loses its nucleus and can no longer be properly termed a cell. It would be called acorpuscle. However, everyone still refers to them as RBC's (cells). The source of the specimen is wholeblood, capillary, or venous blood.
Test: Red Cell Indices (Wintrobe Indices)
A report of the individual characteristics of the RBC. The following are those characteristics which areused to indicate anemia. If abnormal findings are present, the anemias can be defined as macrocytic,microcytic, hypochromic, others. When this is discovered, the exact cause of the anemia can bedetermined more easily.The following are all part of indices:1. MCV2. MCH3. MCHC
MCV - Mean Corpuscular VolumeThe volume of the average RBCcalculated by:Hct x 10 = MCV# of RBC'sNormal Value: 80-94 u3 (cubic microns)Clinical Implications:The MCV indicates the relative size of the RBC's. It does not indicate anything else about the cell.Several different types of anemias can be classified as micro- or macrocytic anemias. This test can directthe MD toward those types of anemias which alter the MCV results.