How to ManagePesticides to MinimizeHarm to Wildlife
Page 1 A Plant's Home
WindStar Wildlife Institute
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nfortunately, if you usepesticides, wildlife canbecome sick and die. A recentstudy in North Carolinashowed that more than 30percent of the quail testedwere made sick by one aerialapplication of insecticide.Insecticides can make thebirds neglect their young,abandon their nests andbecome more susceptible topredators or disease.An indirect effect is thatherbicides or insecticides canreduce the food and coverthat wildlife needs to survive.Usually game bird populationsdecrease when pesticides are
Pheasant and quail populations continue to drop in many regions of the U.S. Naturally, one major factor is the loss of wildlife habitat due to commercial and residential development. Another reason suggested by wildlife biologistsis the use of pesticides on agricultural land.
used extensively. They lowerthe survival rate of chicks,destroy cover plus reduceinsect and plant foods.According to wildlifespecialists, reducing pesticideuse is one of the best ways toprotect fish and wildliferesources. Using soundcultural practices reducespest problems and, therefore,results in lower pesticide use.Cultural practices thatdecrease the need forpesticides include rotatingcrops, selecting resistantvarieties whenever possible,planting and harvesting at theproper time, and using