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Etymology of Kinship Names in Indo European Languages

Etymology of Kinship Names in Indo European Languages

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Published by Ravi Vararo
Etymology of Kinship Names in Indo European Languages
Etymology of Kinship Names in Indo European Languages

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Published by: Ravi Vararo on Jan 25, 2012
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01/07/2013

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 There are also separate terms in every language for relations belonging to different generations. Among the lowerraces especially, age, or, more exactly, the age of the person spoken to compared with that of the speaker, plays avery important part in the matter of denomination. Addressing the elders is decided therefore on the basis of Greatness or elderness.
¬
m
ū
->
 
«¢
 
mutumai n. [Telugu. mudimi, Malayalam. muduma.] 1. Antiquity, oldness;

.(
u
.) 2. Old age;
¬~©
.

 

 
«¢
 

 
(

. 4, 107). 3. See
«¢
, 1.(

.) 4. Maturity;
«
 
}
. (
u
.) 5. See
«¢x
.
|
 
|tt
 
y
 
«¢-
 
(

.

. 79).
«¢
mudu ->
«¢
 
muduvar n. 1. Elders, old persons;
¬{
.

 
«¢
(
|©
.

. 43). 2. Persons of ripe wisdom; men of experience;

 
«}
 
t
.
«¢¯z
 
«|¢
 
vº
 
(

, 715). (
u
.) 3. Counsellors;
|¾
. (
u
.) 4.Poets;
©
. (W.) 5. A hill tribe;
¯
 
v
 

. (E. T. v, 86.)
«¢
mudu ->
«¢
 
muduv
ō
r n. 1. Elders, old persons;
¬{
.

 
«¢
(
|©
.

. 43). 2. Persons of ripe wisdom; men of experience;

 
«}
 
t
.
«¢¯z
 
«|¢
 
vº
 
(

, 715). (
u
.) 3. Counsellors;
|¾
. (
u
. 4. Thegreat; the elders, as king, teacher, mother, father, elder brother;
}
 
{}
 

 
|
 
z}
 
«
 
¾
.
«¢t
 
«{
 

 
(
²z
. 231). 5.Poets;
©
. (

.)Mr. Swann says that among the Waguha, West Tanganyika, men advanced in years are termed " baba," father,whilst, in other parts of Equatorial Africa, according to Mr. Reade, old men areaddressed as " rera," father, and old women as "ngwe," mother.Again,Mr. Cousins asserts that, among the natives of Cis-Natalian Kafirland, the terms for father, mother, brother,and sister, are not restricted to them only, but are applied equally to other persons of a similar age, whether relatedor otherwise. This is the case as in Tamil and other South Indian languages.The Finnish " isa " and the Votyak " ai," father, the Lappish " aja," and the Esthonian " ai," grandfather, areevidently related to, and probably the roots of, the Finnish " iso " and " aija," which mean big. The Chukchiusejbesides " atta" for father and "mamang" for mother, "empynatchyo " and " dmpyngau " respectively, whichobviously have the same root as " empytchin," elder or older.As to the collateral line, it should be observed that, in Cagatai, an elder sister is called " egeci," whichactually means old woman (" ege," old, big ; " eci," woman, sister)." In Hungarian, where “batya" standsfor elder brother, an uncle is “nagybdtya," i e., a big elder brother. Among many Ural-Altaic peoples, thesame term is applied to an elder brother as to an uncle, to an elder sister as to an aunt.And, speaking of the South Australians, Eyre says, " In their intercourse with each other, natives of different tribes are exceedingly punctilious and polite; . . . almost every thing that is said is prefaced by theappellation of father, son, brother, mother, sister, or some other similar term, corresponding to that degreeof relationship which would have been most in accordance with their relative ages and circumstances."Among the Waguha, strangers are called " ndugu," brother, if of the same tribe. Same is the case in Tamiland other South Indian languages.Indo-European esp. Sanskrit words denoting kinship were derived from Tamil words and roots. These words arebased upon logic unlike Indo European linguistics’ speculative etymology.

 
ma
->
 

 
mak
ā
adj. 1. Great, high, exalted, dignified, noble, honourable;
¯
 

.

(
S. I. I. i, 68). 2. Immense, prodigious, stupendous, monstrous, extreme;

.
3.Superior, paramount, superlative;
|
.
4. Intense;
|
.
 Swazi, Swaziland, Mozambique. Make (mother)Tekela, Swaziland, Mozambique. Make (mother)Tekeza, Swaziland, Mozambique. Make (mother)shubi, Tanzania. Maha (mother)Jinja, Tanzania. Maha (mother)

 
ma
->
 

m
ā
n. 1. Greatness;
¯
.
uz
 

 
(

, 148). 2. Strength;

.(
u
.) 3. Lak
m
 ī 
;
 
t
.
²{
 
}
(
©
. 7). 4. Treasure;

. (
u
.

.) 5. Sarasvat
 ī 
;
 

. (
u
.

.)

m
ā
->

² m
ā
yam n. 1. (
¯
.

.) Height;

. 2. cf.

². Length;

. 3. Sum;

.
 

m
ā
->
 
 
1 The goddess of wealth, Lak
m
 ī 
;
. -2 A mother.

m
ā
(nf) [Hindi] mother;

 
 
m
ā
[Urdu] .f. A mother;—an epithet of Lakshm
 ī 
;—a term of respectful compellation to an elderlywoman:—

m
ā
->
}
 
m
ā
ma
n. [T. m
ā
ma, M. m
ā
man.] 1. Mother's brother, maternal uncle;
}
 
}|}
.
§
 
¯§
 
´
 
}
 
(

. 43). 2. Father-in-law, wife'sor husband's father;
}
 
¢
 
}
 
|
.

.

 
}
 
(
¯
.
¯»
.

. 8, 5). 3. Father's sister's husband;
{
 
}
. (W.)4. A term used by Pariah women in addressing their husbands;
~z
 
u
 

 

 
t
 

. (C. G.)
}
 
m
ā
ma
->
 
 
m
ā
ma Uncle (used in voc.).
}
 
m
ā
ma
->

 
m
ā
ma
ā
r n. Father-in-law, wife's or husband's father;
}
 
¢
 
}
 
|
. (

. 11, 93.)
}
 
m
ā
ma
->

 
m
ā
m
ā
n. ]T. m
ā
ma, K. m
ā
va.] 1. Mother's brother, maternal uncle;
}
 
}|}
. 2. Father-in-law, wife's or husband's father;
}
 
¢
 
}
 
|
.

.

 
}
 
(
¯
.
¯»
.

. 8, 5). 3.Father's sister's husband;
{
 
}
.

 

 
m
ā
m
ū 
s.m. A
maternal
uncle, &c. (=
m
ā
m
ā
, q.v.).
 
 
m
ā
m
 ī 
y
ā
: (a) related through or pertaining to maternal uncle;
 
 
m
ā
:
 ī 
: (nf) maternal aunt.

 
b
ā
va
. [Telugu.] n. A sister's husband, if older than oneself.

. The son of amother's brother, or of a father's sister, if older than oneself,
     
. A woman's brother-in-law, if older than her husband.

. See
. 
a man's brother-in-law, either older or younger than himself.
}
 
m
ā
ma
->
}
² m
ā
maga
n. (

.

.) 1. Maternal uncle;
}
. 2. Miser;

.
}
² m
ā
maga
->

 
m
ā
maka
A maternal uncle.
}
 
m
ā
ma
->

 
m
ā
ma
i n. 1. Mother's brother, maternal uncle;
}
 
}|}
.

 
¿
 

 
(T. A. S. i, 257). 2. Father-in-law, wife's orhusband's father;
}
 
¢
 
}
 
|
.

.
|
 
¯|¢©¾
 

 
}
 

(

. 324, 7).

 
m
ā
ma
ika
n.. See

.

 

 
«
 
(

.

.
y
.

. 67).
}
 
m
ā
ma
->
}
 
m
ā
m
ā
n. 1. Mother's brother, maternal uncle;
}
 
}|}
.
}
 
(

.
¯~
. 9). 2. Father-in-law, wife's or husband'sfather;
}
 
¢
 
}
 
|
.
}
 
yz
 
(

.484).

 
m
ā
mi n. Fem. of 
}
. 1. Maternal uncle's wife;
}
 

.
}©
 
§
 
-
 
(

. 1228, 1). 2. Mother-in-law, wife's or husband's mother;
§
 
¢
 
§
 

.
t
 

 
¬t
 
(

.

. 33). 3. Father's sister;
{
. (W.)
 

 
m
ā
mi ->
 
m
ā
m
 ī 
(f.) Maternal uncle's wife

 
m
ā
mak 
ī 
=

 
m
ā
mik 
ā
(fem. of 
m
ā
maka
, q.v.), s.f. A selfish or niggardlywoman;—the wife of a maternal uncle, an
aunt
.
 

 
 
 
mum
ā
n
ī 
[[Hindi] s.f. Mother's brother's wife,
aunt
 
 
 
 
m
ā
m
ī 
[Hindi], s.f. Selfishness; partiality;—wife of a maternal uncle,
aunt
:—
 
ا
 
 
 
m
ā
ʼ
ī 
 
 
[Hindi]
s.f.
Maternal
uncle's wife, aunt (=
m
ā
m
ī 
);—a respectful term of address toelderly women (prob. for
m
ā
ʼ
ī 
).

 
m
ā
mi ->

 
m
ā
miy
ā
r n. Mother-in-law, wife's or husband's mother;
§
 
¢
 
§
 

 

.

m
ā
->

 
m
ā
ā
n. (W.) 1. Grandfather;
y}
. 2. Father;
~}
.

 
m
ā
ā
->

 
 
n
ā
n
ā
[Pers. also n
ā
n
ā
]. s.m. (f.-
 ī 
), Maternal grandfather.
 
 
 
n
ā
n
 ī 
(see n
ā
n
ā
), s.f. Maternal grandmother.

 
 
naniy
ā
adj. (dialec.) Of or relating to a maternal grandfather:

 
m
ā
ā
->
 
n
ā
n
ā
(nm) [Hindi] maternal grandfather;
 
n
ā
n
 ī 
(nf) [Hindi] maternal grandmother;

 
 
naniy
ā
[Urdu], adj. (dialec.) Of or relating to a maternal grandfather:
 

m
ā
->
¢
¹ m
ā
du n. 1. Woman, damsel;
z
.
yu
 
z
 

 
(
¯
. 7, 1). 2. Beauty;

.
¢
 
}t
(
¯t
. 316). 3. Love;

.
¢
 

 
(

. 363).
دا
m
ā
dag
ī 
(abst. s. fr.
د
m
ā
da
), s.f. Female nature, feminality.
د
m
ā
da
f. Female;—a female; pair (of a bird, &c.):

m
ā
->
¢
² madu n. Greatness;
¯
.
¢
 
t
 
(

. 499).
¢
 
m
ā
dumai n. 1. Womanliness;
z}
.
¢t
 
u
 

 
|
 
(

.
¯
. 4, 2, 7,
}
.). 2. Ignorance;
}
.

 
¢
 
-{¢
 
(

.

. 88).
¢
² madu ->

m
ā
tu (nf) [Hindi] mother.
¢
² madu ->

¹ m
ā
dar n. 1. Woman;
z
.
²
 
ºz
 

 
«{¢
 
(

, 1117). 2.Beauty;

. (
u
.)
z
 

 
(
¯
.
©
.
¯
. 40). 3. Gold;
}
. (

.

.) 4. Love;

. (

.

. 328.)5. An expletive;
¾v
. (

.)

¹ m
ā
dar ->

 
m
ā
dar
ā
n. Woman;
z
.

.

 

(

, 384).

¹ m
ā
dar ->
¾
 
m
ā
dari n. K
ā
 ī 
;
 

. (
u
.)
 

¹ m
ā
dar ->
رد
m
ā
dar 
.f. Mother:
يرد
m
ā
dar 
ī 
adj.
Maternal
, motherly:
 

¹ m
ā
dar ->
 
m
ā
dar (nf) [Hindi] mother;
¢
² madu ->

 
m
ā
d
ā
, n. 1. Mother;

. (
u
.)

 
(

. 1227, 7). 2. P
ā
rvat
 ī 
;
 

. (
u
.) 3. Sarasvat
 ī 
;
 

. (
u
.) 4. The knower;
}
. (
u
.

.)

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