Transparency International (TI) is the civil society organisation leading the global fght againstcorruption. Through more than 90 chapters worldwide and an international secretariat in Berlin,Germany, TI raises awareness o the damaging eects o corruption, and works with partners ingovernment, business and civil society to develop and implement eective measures to tackle it.For more inormation, please visit www.transparency.orgThe Deence and Security Programme works with governments, deence companies, multilateralorganisations and civil society to build integrity and reduce corruption in deence establishmentsworldwide. The London-based Deence and Security Programme is led by TransparencyInternational UK. Inormation on Transparency International’s work in the deence and securitysector to date, including background, overviews o current and past projects, and publications, isavailable at the TI-UK Deence and Security Programme website: www.ti-deence.org
While acknowledging the debt TI-UK owes to all those who have contributed to and collaborated in thepreparation o this publication, we wish to make it clear that Transparency International UK alone is responsibleor its content. Although believed to be accurate at this time, this publication should not be relied on as a ull ordetailed statement o the subject matter. This publication was made possible thanks to generous support rom the UK Department or InternationalDevelopment (DFID). Transparency International UKDeence and Security Programme32-36 Loman StreetLondonSE1 0EH+44 (0)20 7922 email@example.comFirst published in January 2012.
Author: Kevin Goh, Julia MuravskaEditor: Saad Mustaa
Reproduction in whole or in parts is permitted, providing that ull credit is given to Transparency International(UK) and provided that any such reproduction, whether in whole or in parts, is not sold unless incorporated inother works.Report printed on FSC certifed paper.© 2011 Transparency International UK. All rights reserved.ISBN: 978-0-9569445-1-1Publisher: Transparency International UKDesign: Maria Gili© Cover illustration: Luisa Rivera