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Introduction
The nature and purpose of mathematics: brief remarks
Mathematical understanding
Language
The role of language in mathematical meaning
The role of language in constructing meaning
Types of mathematical talk
Coping with the unexpected
Talk between Learners
Problem solving and proof
Using mathematics in ‘real life’ situations
Using intuition
Problem posing in the classroom
Ways of approaching problems
Using reasoning
Using patterns
Always, sometimes or never true
Euclidean geometry
Proving from basic principles
Importance of number
Nature and place of algebra
Properties of numbers and operations
Types of number
Operations
Index notation
Precedence
Laws
Patterns in natural numbers
Counting, place value, addition and subtraction
Counting
Place value
Representing numbers
Methods of calculation
Subtraction
Multiplication and division
Early meanings
Problem structure
Representing multiplication
Multiplication
Large numbers
Division
Integers
Deﬁnitions
Models
Fractions, decimals and percentages
Practical need for numbers smaller than one
Rational fractions
Fractions as operators
Equivalent fractions
Operations on and with fractions
Decimals (decimal fractions)
Operations on and with decimals
Percentages
Operations on and with percentages
Understanding algebra
Nature of algebra
Doing and undoing
Sequences
Equations
Graphs and functions
Coordinates
Line graphs
Functions
General principles of measurement
Types of scale
Standard units
Approximate nature of measurement
Deﬁnition and units
Issues arising
Calculating lengths
Calculating areas
Capacity and volume
Calculating volumes
Mass and weight
Calculations
Angles and compass directions
Compass directions
Units of angle
Rates
Classifying 2-D shapes
Introduction to 2-D symmetry
‘Similar’ and ‘congruent’
2-D shape applications and investigations
Tessellations
Transformations and Cartesian geometry
Some constructions
Endpiece
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
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Mathematical Knowledge for Primary Teachers, 4 Ed-MANTESH

# Mathematical Knowledge for Primary Teachers, 4 Ed-MANTESH

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01/27/2012

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