are probably familiar with the world as it implies low carb or restriction of carb intake. Simply putfor our purposes the words ketogenic and low carb are synonymous. A couple of other commentsI would like to make before we move on. This comment is for Low Carb supporters that swear ofall vegetables and fruits. Get on medline.com and do some research. Go to the library and lookthrough some journals. A complete diet for long term use needs to incorporate greens and somefruits to be healthy. A short term diet devoid of fruits and vegetables might not be that bad, butrejecting greens and any fruits for life is a bad idea. This comment is for the low carb haters. One of the number one reasons most of America is fat isbecause of chronically high insulin levels. Which is primarily contributed to excessive carb intake.Don't get me wrong I am not blaming high carbohydrate intake on all of our obesity problems. Ishould probably say excessive and the wrong types of carbohydrate at the wrong times are theproblem. At the same time the answer is not to eat all of the saturated fat we can find : which cancontribute to insulin insensitivity, elevated TG's, increased lipogenesis and digestive problems. What is a ketogenic diet? A diet that causes ketone bodies to be produced by the liver, and shiftsthe body's metabolism away from glucose in favor of fat burning. A ketogenic diet restrictscarbohydrates below a certain level (generally 100 per day). The ultimate determinant of whethera diet is ketogenic or not is the presence or absence of carbohydrate. Protein and fat intake vary.Contrary to poplar belief eating fat is not what causes ketosis. In the past starvation diets wereused often to induce ketosis. I will repeat myself again and say lack of carbohydrate or presenceof ultimately determines if the diet is ketogenic. In most eating plans the body runs on a mixture of protein, fats and carbohydrates. Whencarbohydrates are severely restricted and glycogen storage (glucose in muscle and liver) isdepleted the body begins to utilize other means to provide energy. FFA (free fatty acids) can beused to provide energy, but the brain and nervous system are unable to use FFA's. Although thebrain can use ketone bodies for energy. Ketone bodies are by products of incomplete FFA breakdown in the liver. Once they begin toaccumulate fast and reach a certain level they are released , accumulated in the bloodstream andcause a state called ketosis. As this occurs there is a decrease in glucose production andutilization. There is also less reliance on protein to meet energy requirements by the body.Ketogenic diets are often referred to as protein sparing as they help to spare LBM whiled droppingbody fat. In regards to ketogenic diets there are two primary hormones- insulin, glucagon that need to beconsidered. Insulin can be described as a storage hormone as it's job is to take nutrients out of thebloodstream and carry them to target tissues. Insulin carries glucose from the blood to the liverand muscles, and it carries FFA from the blood into adipose tissue (stored fat triglyceride). On theother hand glucagon breaks down glycogen stores (especially in the liver) and releases them intothe blood. When carbs are restricted or removed insulin levels drop while glucagon levels rise. This causesenhanced FFA release from fat cells, and increased FFA burning in the liver. This acceleratedburning of FFA in the liver is what leads to ketosis. There are a number of other hormonesinvolved with this process as well.