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Stay slim 2012

Stay slim 2012

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Published by S Westfield
Get Fit and stay fit 2012!! - http://tinyurl.com/2012fit




Get Fit and stay fit 2012!! - http://tinyurl.com/2012fit




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Published by: S Westfield on Jan 27, 2012
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 ==== ====Loose weight with this or your money back.Get the weight off and keep it off! http://tinyurl.com/2012fit ==== ====Almost everyone knows someone who has used a low carb diet. They have used it themselveshad a friend use it or are getting ready to use it . Are these diets magic? Are they safe? Can Ireally eat all of the cheese and meat I want ? Will I die if I go into ketosis? These are just a few common questions I hear in regards to questions that concern low carb diets.In this series of articles I will present readers with scientific facts and my practical observations forimplications concerning low carb diets. Some low carb supporters will not like what I will have tosay. Some low carb haters will not like what I have to say. The objective of these articles are toeducate readers on the practical implications of low carb dieting. Some will be offended and somewill say how can that be. Either way sit back and enjoy as I attempt to shed light on the highlytalked about topic - low carb diets (ketogenic diets) I have provided a brief overview of some the topics that will be discussed in this series of articles. What type of changes occur while using low carb diets Do low carb diets make me mean Do low carb diets spare muscle Can I gain weight on a low carb diet How much weight can I expect to lose Can this diet help my medical condition Different types of low carb diets Why you need to cycle higher days of carbs Who needs low carb diets Are they safe for children Are they beneficial for athletes The topics mentioned above are just a few that will be addressed in Low Carb Dieting. Before we move any further let me introduce the word ketogenic. Must of you reading this article
 
are probably familiar with the world as it implies low carb or restriction of carb intake. Simply putfor our purposes the words ketogenic and low carb are synonymous. A couple of other commentsI would like to make before we move on. This comment is for Low Carb supporters that swear ofall vegetables and fruits. Get on medline.com and do some research. Go to the library and lookthrough some journals. A complete diet for long term use needs to incorporate greens and somefruits to be healthy. A short term diet devoid of fruits and vegetables might not be that bad, butrejecting greens and any fruits for life is a bad idea. This comment is for the low carb haters. One of the number one reasons most of America is fat isbecause of chronically high insulin levels. Which is primarily contributed to excessive carb intake.Don't get me wrong I am not blaming high carbohydrate intake on all of our obesity problems. Ishould probably say excessive and the wrong types of carbohydrate at the wrong times are theproblem. At the same time the answer is not to eat all of the saturated fat we can find : which cancontribute to insulin insensitivity, elevated TG's, increased lipogenesis and digestive problems. What is a ketogenic diet? A diet that causes ketone bodies to be produced by the liver, and shiftsthe body's metabolism away from glucose in favor of fat burning. A ketogenic diet restrictscarbohydrates below a certain level (generally 100 per day). The ultimate determinant of whethera diet is ketogenic or not is the presence or absence of carbohydrate. Protein and fat intake vary.Contrary to poplar belief eating fat is not what causes ketosis. In the past starvation diets wereused often to induce ketosis. I will repeat myself again and say lack of carbohydrate or presenceof ultimately determines if the diet is ketogenic. In most eating plans the body runs on a mixture of protein, fats and carbohydrates. Whencarbohydrates are severely restricted and glycogen storage (glucose in muscle and liver) isdepleted the body begins to utilize other means to provide energy. FFA (free fatty acids) can beused to provide energy, but the brain and nervous system are unable to use FFA's. Although thebrain can use ketone bodies for energy. Ketone bodies are by products of incomplete FFA breakdown in the liver. Once they begin toaccumulate fast and reach a certain level they are released , accumulated in the bloodstream andcause a state called ketosis. As this occurs there is a decrease in glucose production andutilization. There is also less reliance on protein to meet energy requirements by the body.Ketogenic diets are often referred to as protein sparing as they help to spare LBM whiled droppingbody fat. In regards to ketogenic diets there are two primary hormones- insulin, glucagon that need to beconsidered. Insulin can be described as a storage hormone as it's job is to take nutrients out of thebloodstream and carry them to target tissues. Insulin carries glucose from the blood to the liverand muscles, and it carries FFA from the blood into adipose tissue (stored fat triglyceride). On theother hand glucagon breaks down glycogen stores (especially in the liver) and releases them intothe blood. When carbs are restricted or removed insulin levels drop while glucagon levels rise. This causesenhanced FFA release from fat cells, and increased FFA burning in the liver. This acceleratedburning of FFA in the liver is what leads to ketosis. There are a number of other hormonesinvolved with this process as well. 
 
In general we refer to three different types of ketogenic diets.1) STANDARD KETOGENIC DIET- A diet containing l00 or less grams of carbohydrates isreferred to as STANDARD KETOGENIC DIET 2)TARGETED KETOGENIC DIET- consuming carbohydrates around exercise, to sustainperformance without affecting ketosis. 3)CYCLICAL KETOGENIC DIET- alternates periods of ketogenic dieting with periods of highcarbohydrate intake The Beginning of Ketogenic dietsOriginally ketogenic diets were used to treat obesity and epilepsy. In general ketogenic diets aresimilar to starvation diets in the responses that occur in the body. More specifically these twostates can be referred to as starvation ketosis and dietary ketosis. These similarities have led tothe development of modern day ketogenic diets. Ketogenic dieting has been used for years in the treatment of childhood epilepsy. In the early1900's times of total fasting was used to treat seizures. This caused numerous health problemsand could not be sustained indefinitely. Due to the impracticalities and health problems occurring with starvation ketogenic dietsresearchers began to look for a way to mimic starvation ketosis while consuming food. Theydetermined that a diet consisting of high fat, low carb and minimal protein could sustain growthand maintain ketosis for a long period of time. This led to the birth of the original ketogenic diet in1921 by Dr. Wilder. Dr Wilder's diet controlled pediatric epilepsy in many cases where drugs andother treatments failed. New epilepsy drugs were invented during the 30's, 40's and 50's and ketogenic diets fell to thewayside. These new drugs lead to almost disappearance of ketogenic diets during this time. Afew modified ketogenic diets were tried during this time such as the MCT (medium chaintriglycerides) diets, but they were not welly accepted. In 1994 the ketogenic diet as a treatment for epilepsy was re-discovered. This came about in thestory of Charlie a 2yr old with seizures that could not be controlled with mediacions or othertreatment including brain surgery. Charlie's father had found reference to the diet through hisresearch and ended up at John Hopkins medical center. Charlie's seizures were completely controlled as long as he was on the diet. The huge success ofthe diet prompted Charlie's father to start the Charlie foundation. The foundation has producedseveral videos, and published the book The Epilepsy Diet Treatment: An Introduction to theKetogenic diet. The foundation has sponsored conferences to train physicians and dietians toimplement the diet. The exact mechanisms of how the ketogenic diet works to control epilepsy arestill unknown, the diet continues to gain acceptance as an alternative to drug therapy. ObesityKetogenic diets have been used for at least a century for weight loss. Complete starvation wasstudied often including the research of Hill, who fasted a subject for 60 days to examine theeffects. The effects of starvation were very successful in regards to treatment of the morbidly

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