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Mitigation Strategy

Mitigation Strategy

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Published by ProtectJKP
Information not released to general public for review and comment. Drafted in 2010, Mitigation Strategy for contaminated parcels exchanged for Jean Klock Park's coastal dunes reveals data concerning soil contamination including contamination present on Parcel H, the key mitigation parcel. This information should have been documented and distributd to the general public in 2008 for the legally required comment period under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
Information not released to general public for review and comment. Drafted in 2010, Mitigation Strategy for contaminated parcels exchanged for Jean Klock Park's coastal dunes reveals data concerning soil contamination including contamination present on Parcel H, the key mitigation parcel. This information should have been documented and distributd to the general public in 2008 for the legally required comment period under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).

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Published by: ProtectJKP on Jan 27, 2012
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03/27/2014

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JeanKlockParkMitigationStrategy
Submitted
by:
CityofBentonHarbor,MI
January
2010
 
Introduction:TheCityofBentonHarbor(City)requestedthat22,11acresofJeanKlockPark(JKP)beconvertedtogolfholesfortheHarborShoresproject.Toreplacethe22.11acreslosttothepublicgolfcourse,theCityandHarborShoreswillprovideotherlandforpublicrecreationopportunities.TheMichiganNaturalResourcesTrustFundBoardofTrustees(Board)approvedtheconversionstatusforthesemitigationparcelsattheirOctober18,2006meeting.ThisdocumentistoidentifyandresolvetheBoard'sconcernsrelatedtotheconversionmitigationandwillproposeaplantobringtheitemstoresolution,Futureuse:ThescopeofworkincludesthecreationofastrategicallysignificantrecreationalcorridoralongtheunderutilizedPawPawRiverwithinthe
City
ofBentonHarbor,Thebenefitsoftheproposedworkincludefacilitationofvacantandabandonedsitesalongtheriverfront,removalofimpactedsoilanddebrisfromfloodproneareasandinstallationofanexposurebarriertoprotectfuturetrailvisitorsfrompossiblecontactwithpotentiallyhazardoussubstances.Developmentofthistrailwillprovideresidentswithaphysiographicallyappealingmeanstowalk/hike/bikefromdowntownBentonHarbortotheJKPbeachonLakeMichigan.Theproposedtrailwillprovideanexposurebarriertomitigaterisksaswellasprovideapublicconnectiontothearea-widetrailsandscenicobservationpoints.Exposureevaluation:TheMichiganDepartmentofNaturalResourcesandEnvironment(DNRE)[formerlytheDepartmentofEnvironmentalQuality(DEQ)],asspecifiedbyPart201)EnvironmentalRemediation,oftheNaturalResourcesEnvironmentalProtectionAct1994PA451
1
asamended(NREPA)shalldevelopcleanupcriteriabasedongenerichumanhealthriskassessmentassumptionsdeterminedbytheDNREtoappropriatelycharacterizepatternsofhumanexposureassociatedwithcertainlanduses.Criteriaarederivedusingscientificallybasedmodels,asallowedforunderSection20120a(10)oftheNREPA,andarecalculatedusingthealgorithmsandassumptionsspecifiedinpathway-specificrules.Recreationalvs.Residentialcleanupcriteria:TheCityhaschosentocomplywithgenericresidentialcleanupcriteria,whichis
 
themostconservativecriteriadevelopedbyDEQ,TheDNREhasnotdevelopedageneric
recreational
cleanupcriteria,Genericresidentialcleanupcriteriaiscalculatedtoprotectpublichealthandsafetybasedonbestavailableinformation,scientificliteratureandanintegratedriskinformationsystemmaintainedbytheUSEnvironmentalProtectionAgency(EPA)andotherappropriateagencies,Thechronictoxicityhasbeencalculatedtodeterminetheabilityofahazardoussubstancetocauseanyinjuriousordebilitatingeffectthatmightresultfromrepeatedexposure.Thecriteriawasdevelopedusingmoreconservativeexposureassumptionsthanasingleexposureevent.AccordingtoR299.5720(rule720),generic
residential
cleanupcriteriaforsoilbasedondirectcontactiscalculatedwiththefollowingassumptions:Targetrisklevelforanincreasedcancerriskof1in100,000;averagingtimeofexposureis70years;ingestionexposurefrequencyof350days/year;dermalexposurefrequencyof245days/year.Inplainenglish,thatmeansthatifapersonweretoingestthecontaminanton350daysofeveryyearfor70years;orcomeindirectcontactwiththecontaminanton245daysofeveryyearfor70years;thentheymayexceedthetargetrisklevel.Asyoucansee,thesearereasonablyconservativeexposureassumptions.Theparcelsacceptedasmitigationwillberemediatedtoagenericresidentialcleanupcriteriathatwillallowthemtobesafelyutilizedforpublicoutdoorrecreation.Themitigationparcelscontainatotalof38.41acres.WhentheNREPAwaspassed,theMichiganLegislaturewantedtoencouragethewisere-useofformerindustrialfacilitiesandcontaminatedparcelssoitprovidedforownersand/oroperatorswhohadnotcausedtheenvironmentalcontamination,withamechanismtoprotectthemselvesfromtheresponsibilitytocompletelyremediatecontaminationcaused
by
previoustenants.However,theliableandnon-liablepartiesofeverycontaminatedpropertyinMichiganhave'duecareobligations'toinsuretheintendeduseofthefacilityprotectspublichealthandsafety.Asanon-liablepropertyowner,the
City
andHarborShoresarenotresponsibleforremediationofallcontaminationonoremanatingfromtheparcels.Theydidnotcausethecontamination,therefore,theyarenotresponsiblefortheremediation.The
City
andHarborShoresareonlyresponsibleforduecareobligationswhichincludetoundertakemeasurestopreventexacerbationofexistingcontamination,mitigateunacceptableexposuretohazardoussubstances,
I-

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