David T. Moore
Advanced Analytic SolutionsAdvanced Analysis LabNational Security Agency
‘Intelligence’ refers to both skill and end-product
— William MillwardIntelligence may be defined as the skilled analysis of facts and inferences.This disaggregation and synthesis of collected and created evidence includes “sortingout [the] significant from [the] insignificant, assessing them severally and jointly, andarriving at a conclusion by the exercise of judgment: part induction, part deduction,”and part abduction.
Intelligence also may be defined as a timely, actionable productthat helps policymakers, decisionmakers, and military leaders perform their nationalsecurity functions. To these leaders, intelligence aids in the development of policies
The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the officialpolicy or position of the National Security Agency, the Department of Defense, or the U.S.Government.
William Millward, “Life in and out of Hut 3,” in F. H. Hinsley and Alan Stripp,
Codebreakers:The Inside Story of Bletchley Park
(Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1993), 17. For a discussion of abductive reasoning in intelligence, see David T. Moore,
Creating Intelligence: Evidence and Inference in the Analysis Process,
MSSI Thesis (Washington DC: Joint Military Intelligence College, July 2002).Cited hereafter as Moore,