should be checked prior to installation to make sure it is adequate. Additionally, the transformer's radiator vents should be kept clear of obstructions that could impede heat dissipation.Forced Air: If the transformer's temperature is being kept at acceptablelevels by forced air from a fan, the fan's motors should be checkedperiodically to make sure they are properly lubricated and operate well. Thethermostat that ensures the motors are activated within the presettemperature ranges should be tested as well.
Water cooled systems: Systems that are cooled by water should be testedperiodically to make sure they operate properly and do not leak. Leaks can bechecked by raising the pressure within the cooling system, which can be donein various ways. If the cooling coils can be removed from the transformer,internal pressure can be applied by adding water. Otherwise, pressure checkscan also be made using air or coolant oil, if the coils need to be checkedwithin the transformer itself.If the cooling coils are taken out of the transformer, the water cooling systemas a whole can be tested. Here, the coils are filled up with water until thepressure reaches 80 to 100 psi, and left under that pressure for at least anhour. Any drop in pressure could be a sign of a leak. The other equipmentlinked to a water-cooled system can be tested at the same time, such as thealarm system, water pump and pressure gauges. Also, the water sourceshould be tested to make sure it has sufficient flow and pressure.
Liquid coolants: When oil coolants are prepared they are dehydrated, andprocessed to be free of acids, alkalis, and sulfur. They should also have a lowviscosity if they are to circulate easily. If a transformer is cooled by oil, thedielectric strength of the oil should always be tested before the transformer isput into service.
Types of Cooling Systems
For oil immersed transformers, the options for cooling systems are as follows: