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Table Of Contents

The Selection of a Research Design
THE THREE TYPES OF DESIGNS
THREE COMPONENTS INVOLVED IN A DESIGN
Philosophical Worldviews
Philosophical Worldviews
The Postpositivist Worldview
The Social Constructivist Worldview
The Advocacy and Participatory Worldview
The Pragmatic Worldview
Strategies of Inquiry
Quantitative Strategies
Qualitative Strategies
Mixed Methods Strategies
Research Methods
RESEARCH DESIGNS AS WORLDVIEWS, STRATEGIES, AND METHODS
CRITERIA FOR SELECTING A RESEARCH DESIGN
The Research Problem
Personal Experiences
Audience
SUMMARY
Writing Exercises
RITING EXERCISES
ADDITIONAL READINGS
Review of the Literature
THE RESEARCH TOPIC
THE LITERATURE REVIEW
The Use of the Literature
Design Techniques
Steps in Conducting a Literature Review
Searching Computerized Databases
A Priority for Selecting Literature Material
A Literature Map of the Research
Abstracting Studies
Example 2.1Literature Review in a Quantitative Study
Style Manuals
The Definition of Terms
A Quantitative or Mixed Methods Literature Review
The Use of Theory
QUANTITATIVE THEORY USE
Variables in Quantitative Research
Definition of a Theory
Forms of Theories
Placement of Quantitative Theories
Writing a Quantitative Theoretical Perspective
Example 3.1A Quantitative Theory Section
QUALITATIVE THEORY USE
Variation in Theory Use in Qualitative Research
Locating the Theory in Qualitative Research
Example 3.2A Theory Early in a Qualitative Study
Example 3.3A Theory at the End of a Qualitative Study
MIXED METHODS THEORY USE
Writing Strategies and Ethical Considerations
Sections in a Proposal
WRITING THE PROPOSAL
Format for a Qualitative Proposal
Format for a Quantitative Proposal
Example 4.3A Quantitative Format
Format for a Mixed Methods Proposal
Example 4.4A Mixed Methods Format
Designing the Sections of a Proposal
WRITING IDEAS
Writing as Thinking
The Habit of Writing
Readability of the Manuscript
Voice, Tense, and “Fat”
ETHICAL ISSUES TO ANTICIPATE
Ethical Issues in the Research Problem
Ethical Issues in the Purpose and Questions
Ethical Issues in Data Collection
Ethical Issues in Data Analysis and Interpretation
The Introduction
THE IMPORTANCE OF INTRODUCTIONS
QUALITATIVE, QUANTITATIVE, AND MIXED METHODS INTRODUCTIONS
A MODEL FOR AN INTRODUCTION
An Illustration
Studies Addressing the Problem
Deficiencies in Past Literature
Significance of a Study for Audiences
Example 5.2Deficiencies in the Literature—Few Studies
The Purpose Statement
SIGNIFICANCE AND MEANING OF A PURPOSE STATEMENT
A Qualitative Purpose Statement
Example 6.2A Purpose Statement in a Case Study
Example 6.3A Purpose Statement in an Ethnography
A Quantitative Purpose Statement
A Mixed Methods Purpose Statement
Research Questions and Hypotheses
QUALITATIVE RESEARCH QUESTIONS
QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESES
Example 7.3A Null Hypothesis
Example 7.4Directional Hypotheses
A Model for Descriptive Questions and Hypotheses
Example 7.6Standard Use of Language in Hypotheses
Example 7.7 Descriptive and Inferential Questions
MIXED METHODS RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESES
Quantitative Methods
DEFINING SURVEYS AND EXPERIMENTS
COMPONENTS OF A SURVEY METHOD PLAN
The Survey Design
The Population and Sample
Instrumentation
Variables in the Study
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Example 8.1 A Survey Method Section
COMPONENTS OF AN EXPERIMENTAL METHOD PLAN
Participants
Variables
Instrumentation and Materials
Experimental Procedures
Example 8.2 Pre-Experimental Designs
Example 8.3 Quasi-Experimental Designs
Example 8.4 True Experimental Designs
Threats to Validity
Example 8.5 Single-Subject Designs
The Procedure
Data Analysis
Interpreting Results
Example 8.6 An Experimental Method Section
Qualitative Procedures
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH
STRATEGIES OF INQUIRY
THE RESEARCHER’S ROLE
DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURES
DATA RECORDING PROCEDURES
DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, AND GENERALIZABILITY
THE QUALITATIVE WRITE-UP
Example 9.1Qualitative Procedures
COMPONENTS OF MIXED METHODS PROCEDURES
THE NATURE OF MIXED METHODS RESEARCH
TYPES OF MIXED METHODS STRATEGIES AND VISUAL MODELS
Planning Mixed Methods Procedures
Timing
Weighting
Mixing
Theorizing or Transforming Perspectives
Alternative Strategies and Visual Models
Sequential Explanatory Strategy
Sequential Exploratory Strategy
Sequential Transformative Strategy
Concurrent Triangulation Strategy
DATA ANALYSIS AND VALIDATION PROCEDURES
REPORT PRESENTATION STRUCTURE
EXAMPLES OF MIXED METHODS PROCEDURES
Example 10.1A Sequential Strategy of Inquiry
Example 10.2 A Concurrent Strategy of Inquiry
Example 10.3 A Transformative Strategy of Inquiry
Glossary
References
Author Index
Subject Index
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1310370297_1309218261_Creswell

1310370297_1309218261_Creswell

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Published by: Beeboy CroSel on Jan 28, 2012
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