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Low Cost Data Acquisition System for Students
Instrumentation & Control EngineeringNational Institute of Technology, JalandharJalandhar (144011), Indiaglasachin@yahoo.co.in
Instrumentation & Control EngineeringNational Institute of Technology, JalandharJalandhar (144011), Indiagrvkmr038@gmail.com
Today the engineering education in India isincreasing, so the demand of quality projects and qualityresearch at the students level is also increasing. To make goodhardware projects most of the time we need to acquire real timedata. This acquisition is done through the dedicated device whichis called Data Acquisition Device. In India there are very less no.of companies which are making the Data Acquisition Devices andthe available devices are very costly for the students. Hence, thereis need to provide students a cost effective or low cost devicewhich can suite according to their proposed work. In this paperwe have designed and implemented a prototype of DataAcquisition Device (DAQ) using AVR microcontroller. Thesoftware for the DAQ device has been mode on MATLAB andLabView and the device has been tested for different tasks andunder different conditions.
Keywords- Data Acquisition Device; MATLAB; LabView; AVR microcontroller
In the present scenario, there is lot of scope of technicaleducation and many students are also going towardsengineering field. As hardware equipment require a lot of investment but due to lack of investment colleges are not ableto provide practical oriented education or quality education totheir students which in turns reduce their knowledge abouthardware. This situation creates a big question mark on theemployability of the students as core companies think thatstude
nts don’t know anything about the hardware
on whichthey work and they have to train them before giving them anyproject and only on training they have to invest a lot. Hencethere is a big difference between the knowledge of students andthe requirements of the company. This difference arises due tothe high cost of hardware equipments which can be used bycolleges to train the students.Like any other hardware devices data acquisition device isalso important at college and as well as industry level. DAQdevices[2-3] are used to send the information from real worldto the computer. DAQ device converts the analog signal andsend it to the computer for the data manipulation. DAQ deviceinterfaced with good software can show the variation of theanalog quantity with varying parameters. Software can also beused for implementing any algorithm and this algorithmtogether with the suitable hardware device can be used toimplement sophisticated applications. Hence this can be usedfor teaching the basic science concepts by showing practicallythe variation of any quantity like current variation with voltage,LDR response, strain gauge response etc. and it can also beused in various small
students’ projects like monitoring and
controlling some physical quantity and an associated processwith that physical parameter. There are lot of DAQ devicesavailable in the market from different vendors like NationalInstruments, Dr DAQ etc. but the cost of these devices variesstarting from 15,000 INR to 3,00,000 INR , which can notbe afforded by the students.The goal of this paper is to provide the basic idea of makingof data acquisition device which can be interfaced easily withthe well-known softwares like Matlab, LabView, and VisualBasic etc. The proposed DAQ device is very useful for theapplication where input signal does not vary rapidly, liketemperature monitoring, level monitoring etc. Hence thisdevice can easily be used by the college students for theirprojects and it also provide a good platform for the students onwhich they can see their theory concepts converting intopractical one.In this paper we have designed and made a data acquisitiondevice (DAQ) using the AVR atmega 8 microcontroller. Thisdevice sends the digitized information to the computer viaserial communication using RS232 protocol. The software forthe data acquisition is made on Matlab and LabView. We havetested this device for various applications like temperaturemonitoring, level monitoring, LDR response monitoring etc.under different conditions. The repeatability of the hardware isalso tested and it shows very good results.II.
Data Acquisition Device mainly consists of sample andhold circuit, digital to analog converter, USART module and aRS232 connector. Description of every block is given below.The block diagram of the architecture of DAQ device isshown in the figure 1. Explanation of each block in the block diagram is given below.
Sample and Hold Circuit
The main function of sample and hold circuit is to samplethe incoming signal. The sampling frequency of the circuitshould be such so that it follows the nyquist criteria of thesampling theorem.
Analog to Digital Converter
Analog to Digital converter is used to convert the analogvoltage into digital sequence. Analog to Digital converter took the instantaneous voltage value from the sample and holdcircuit and converts it to the appropriate digital sequence
International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer EngineeringVolume 2, Issue 2.ISSN : 2249 - 071X