friendly, promoted the use of psychedelic drugs which they believed expanded one'sconsciousness, and created intentional communities or communes. They used alternative arts,street theatre, folk music, and psychedelic rock as a part of their lifestyle and as a way of expressing their feelings, their protests and their vision of the world and life. Hippies opposedpolitical and social orthodoxy, choosing a gentle and non-doctrinaire ideology that favored peace,love and personal freedom. Hippies perceived the dominant culture as a corrupt, monolithic entitythat exercised undue power over their lives, calling this culture "The Establishment", "BigBrother", or "The Man".
Hippies sought to free themselves from societal restrictions, choose their own way, and find newmeaning in life. One expression of hippie independence from societal norms was found in their standard of dress and grooming, which made hippies instantly recognizable to one another, andserved as a visual symbol of their respect for individual rights. Through their appearance, hippiesdeclared their willingness to question authority, and distanced themselves from the "straight" and"square" (i.e., conformist) segments of society. Personality traits and values hippies tend to beassociated with are "altruism and mysticism, honesty, joy and nonviolence". As in the beat movement preceding them, and the punk movement that followed soon after,hippie symbols and iconography were purposely borrowed from either "low" or "primitive"cultures, with hippie fashion reflecting a disorderly, often vagrant style. As with other adolescent,white middle-class movements, deviant behavior of the hippies involved challenging theprevailing gender differences of their time: both men and women in the hippie movement wore jeans and maintained long hair, and both genders wore sandals or went barefoot.Men often wore beards, while women wore little or no makeup, with many going without bras.Hippies often chose brightly colored clothing and wore unusual styles, such as bell-bottom pants,vests, tie-dyed garments, dashikis, peasant blouses, and long, full skirts; non-Western inspiredclothing with Native American, Asian, Indian, African and Latin American motifs were alsopopular. Much of hippie clothing was self-made in defiance of corporate culture, and hippies often