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Taylor, Theoretic Arithmetic

Taylor, Theoretic Arithmetic

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Published by: natzucow on Jan 30, 2012
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06/22/2013

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THEORETIC ARITHMETIC
IN
THREE
BOOKS;
CONTAINING
THE
SUBSTANCE
OF
ALL
THAT
HAS
BEEN
WRITTEN
ON
THIS
SURJECT
BY
THE0
OF SMYRNA, NICOh3ACHUS,
IAM-
BLICHUS,
AND
B0ETIUS.-TOGETHER
WITH
SOME
REMARKABLE
PARTICULARS RESPECT-
ING
PERFECT,
AMICABLE,
AND
OTHER
NUMBERS,
WHICH
ARE
NOT
TO
BE
FOUND
IN
THE
WRITINGS
OF
ANY
ANCIENT
OR
MODERN MATHEMATICIANS.
LIKEWISE,
A
SPECIMEN
OF
THE
MANNER
IN
WHICH
THE
PYTHAGOREANS PHILOSOPHI-
ZED
ABOUTNUMBERS;AND
A
DEVEL-
OPEMENT
OP
THEIR
MYSTIa
CAL
AND
THEOLOGI-
CAI,
ARITHMETIC.
BY
THOMAS
TAYLOR.
'It
will be proper then Glanco, to
establish
by law
this
discipline
(arithmetic),
and to persuade
those
who are
to
manage the
greatest
atlairs
of
the
city to apply
to
computation and study it,
not
in
a
common
way,
but till by intelligence itselfthey arrive at
thc
survey of the nature of numbers,
not
for
the
sake of
buying
nor of
selling,
o;r
merchants
and
shopkeepers,but
both
for
war,
and
for
facility in
the mergrgres f
the soul
itself,
and
its
conversionfrom
generation (or
the whole
of
a visible
notwe)
to
truth
and
essence,
(or
real
being)."
Plato,
Rcpub.
Bk.
vii
LONDON
a
PRINTED
FOR
THE
AUTHOR,
na
9,
XANOR
PLACE,
WALIIORTH,
BY
A.
f.
VUPY,
TDOIU'S
COURT,
CHANCXEY
 
INTRODUCTION
philosophy, properly so called
be,
according
to
Plato,
and
as
I
am
firmly
persuaded it is,
the
great-
est
good
that
was
ever
imparted
by
divinity
to
man,*
he
who
labours
to
rescue it from oblivion,
and
trans-
-
mit
it to posterity,
must
necessarily be endeavouring
to
benefit
his
country and all mankind,
in
the
most
eminent
degree.
To
accomplish this grand object,
has
been
the
aim
of
the
greater
part
of
my
life; and the present work
was
solelywritten
with
a
view
to
promote its
accomplishment.
In
consequence
of
the
oblivion
indeed,
into
which
genuine
PJdosophy
has
fallen,
through
the
abolition
of
her
schools,
The
Pythagorcans
were
so
deeply convinced
of
the
truth
of
this
assertion,
that
one
of
them
beautifully observes:
.sov
xara
cpthooocptav f)eopqpaTovazoXauo~sov
ecp'
ooov
otov, xa0azep apppoota~marvemsapog axqpasov
TC
yap
70
ad
amav
q8u
%at
eetov-
so
pyaho+u~ov
Bava~at
re
zocarv,
wat
ct
pq
aiBroo~aihov
%a
extorqpovaC-
Iamblic- Protrept.
P.
4.
i
e.
"The
theorems of philosophy are
to
be enjoyed
as
much
as
possible, as
if
they wereambrosia
and
nectar.
For
the
pleasure from them
is
genuine, incorruptible and
divine.
They
arc
also
capable
of
producing
magnanimity, and
though
they
cannot
make
us
eternal
bcii,
yet
they
enable
us
to
obtain
a
scientific
knowledge
of
eternal
natures."
I11

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