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SWAT

SWAT

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Published by PoliceUSA
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Published by: PoliceUSA on Jan 30, 2012
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01/06/2013

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L15 SWAT
OBJECTIVE:
CADETS WILL GAIN A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE SWATUNIT’S SPECIAL MISSION IN FIGHTING CRIME.
Introduction...
In 1964, Philadelphia experienced an alarming increase in bank robberies.In response, the Philadelphia Police Department established a one-hundred-man team. This unit was created to react quickly and decisively to bank robberies whilethey were in progress. By utilizing a large number of specially trained officerswho had at their disposal a great amount of firepower, police could get theupper hand. The tactic worked. The squad’s use of “Special Weapons and Tactics” gave the unit its name:SWAT.
A FIRST RESPONDER’S BACK UP
 They carry semi and fully automatic pistols, sub-machine guns, assault rifles,shotguns, and flash-bang grenades and wear heavy body armor.But these are not military commandos -- they are the members of a SpecialWeapons and Tactics Unit, more commonly known as SWAT. They are the"go-to" team in high-risk, volatilesituation, when surgical precision and advanced tactics are required. These elite team members train frequently and rigorously, and they mustkeep current on the ever-changing science of crisis resolution. This is whyLAPD SWAT remains the most respected group of its kind. An old sayinggoes, "When people are in trouble they call the police. When the police are introuble they call SWAT!"
TRAINING
Because SWAT teams are required to perform the most hazardous of tasks,such as freeing hostages, it is of paramount importance that they be welltrained.
 
SWAT teams are on twenty-four-hour call and have a clearly defined call-upprocedure that automatically goes into effect whenever a departmentdispatcher receives a potential SWAT call.
Making the Team
SWAT teams are staffed by regular police officers selected for the teamsafter meeting certain stringent criteria:SWAT team members are required to have a normalpsychological profile, with emphasis on the ability to work well asa member of a team.Without question, each member must be physically fit and nothave any limiting physical characteristicsThey must be adept in the use of special equipment such asropes and rappelling paraphernalia, which they can use to entera structure from a rooftop or from a hovering helicopter.They must be able to use explosives to blast doors, walls, orroofs in order to make a quick and safe entry.Officers must pass a standard physical test that includes a twomile run, push ups, pull ups, and sit ups.They must qualify with department firearms to a higher standardthan the non-SWAT patrol officer.The team members train together, as a team, at least once amonth, but usually more frequently. Quarterly, the physical andfirearms standards must be met by all members of the SWATteam.SWAT officers train on the average of 16 hours per month andmust be on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
DISCUSS THE COMPONENTS OF A SWAT TEAM
Building the perfect SWAT team. Review the following components thatmake up an effective team: 
The Command Post
 The Command Team consists of the Team leader and his lieutenants. They are in constant communication with the other team members byway of state of the art headpieces and must make on-the-spotdecisions about the nature of the engagement depending on how thesituation plays out. 
The Negotiator
 The Negotiation Team consists of members who have been trained inpsychology and are able to make a field assessment of any hostage
 
scenario. They are essential in diffusing a potentially violent anddangerous situation.
The Sniper
 The Sniper Team consists of members who are highly skilled in the artsof camouflage and long distance shooting with state of the artweaponry. While their main task is to provide cover and fire support,they are also instrumental in providing up-to-the-minute intelligence tothe Command Post. This information could be crucial in makingdecisions regarding assault plans and life-threatening situations. Theyare also known as the perimeter or containment team. 
The Entry Team
 The name says it all. This team is comprised of members who areskilled in the art of explosives, forced entry and frontal assault. Theyare heavily armed with projectile weapons, smoke bombs, flash bombsand tear gas. 
Performance
 The true success of a SWAT team, however, is not measured inequipment, but in their performance as a team. A team that isuntrained, undisciplined, and inexperienced, is a liability to itscommunity, no matter how well armed and equipped they may be.
CONSIDER THE EQUIPMENT USED BY A SWAT TEAMFirepower
 The weapons of a SWAT team are dictated by tactical necessity. In assaultson defended properties, teams use automatic rifles. A shotgun is usuallybrought along on every operation to provide long-range delivery for tear gasor smoke. Sharpshooters use high-powered, long-range rifles, usually fittedwith high-resolution scopes that can be used day or night.
Gear
 The SWAT team uniform must provide all-weather protection:It must be able to be worn at night without making the officer aneasily identifiable target.It must be loose fitting in order to allow the officer freedom of movement.SWAT vests fit around the body and are capable of carryingeverything from extra ammunition to water canteens, legholsters for pistols to allow for quick draw, and high-band, voice-activated, silent listening radios for instant inter-teamcommunication that may be employed even while a teammember is under fire.

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