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Jammu - Kashmir Facts Problems and Solution

Jammu - Kashmir Facts Problems and Solution

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Published by Indians Aregreat

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Published by: Indians Aregreat on Jan 30, 2012
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11/05/2012

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National Workshopon
Jammu-Kashmir 
Facts, Problems and Solution
19-20 November 2011Smriti Mandir, Nagpur 
Jammu-Kashmir Study Centre
 
01
Introduction: Jammu and Kashmir
A lot of misconceptions created region of widely varying people anddeliberately by vested interests have geography. In the south, Jammu is abecome firm beliefs. That is the greatest transition zone from the Indian plainstragedy Kashmir is facing and is the root to the Himalaya. Nature has lavishlycause of the most issues related to the endowed Kashmir with certaintrouble torn state.distinctive favours which hardly find aparallel in any alpine land of the world.First casualty is the myth thatIt is the land of snow clad mountainsKashmir means Jammu & Kashmir. Inthat share a common boundary withfact, Kashmir is just 7.13% area of theAfghanistan, China and Pakistan;state of Jammu & Kashmir as it existed Jammu and Kashmir is theand acceded to The Dominion of Indianorthernmost state of the Indian Union.on 26th October 1947. It is only 15.63% ofKnown for its extravagant naturalthe area that continues to be withinbeauty this land formed a majorIndian administration. So we need to becaravan route in the ancient times.very careful when we talk of Kashmirissue.Trade relations through theseroutes between China and Central AsiaSecond impression that has beenmade it a land in-habited by variousaccepted as a fact is that J&K is a Muslimreligious and cultural groups. It wasstate. No, it is not. It certainly is theduring the reign of Kashyapa that theMuslim majority state but Muslims arevarious groups led a settled life.in Majority in only one province. BothBuddhism influenced Kashmir duringLaddakh and Jammu divisions arethe rule of Ashoka and the present townBuddhist and Hindu majority areasof Srinagar was founded by him. Thisrespectively. Third is the misconceptionplace was earlier called 'Srinagari' orabout the Muslim population ofPurandhisthan. The Brahmins whoKashmir valley. We are being asked toinhabited these areas admired andbelieve that the majority community is aadorned Buddhism too. From thehomogenous entity. It's also not true.regions of Kashmir Buddhism spreadKashmiri Muslim community is asof Ladakh, Tibet, Central Asia andheterogeneous and divided or united asChina. The state consists of followingany other community in rest of themain regions.country with sharp divisions leading tobloody conflicts at times.The state of Jammu & Kashmir is a
Jammu-Kashmir : Facts, Problems and Solution
 
02
Many historians and locals believe
 Jammu
that Jammu was founded by Raja JambuLochan in the 14th century BC. Jambu Jammu is one of the administrativeLochan was the brother of Raja Bahudivisions within Jammu and KashmirLochan who constructed a fort on thestate in India. Jammu city is the largestbank of river Tawi. Bahu Fort is acity in Jammu and the winter capital ofhistorical place in Jammu. Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu City is alsoThe city name figures in the ancientknown as "City of Temples" as it hasbook Mahabharata. Excavation nearmany temples and shrines, withAkhnoor, 20 miles (32 km) from Jammuglittering shikhars soaring into the sky,city, provides evidence that Jammu wascreating the ambiance of a holy andonce part of the Harappan civilization.peaceful Hindu city.Remains from the Maurya,Home to some of the most popularKushan, Kushanshahs and GuptaHindu shrines, Jammu is a pilgrimageperiods have also been found in Jammu.tourism destination in India. The town of Jammu is also mentioned in accounts ofKatra, which is close to Jammu, containsthe campaigns of Timur.the Vaishno Devi shrine. Nestling on top Jammu came under the control ofof the Trikuta Hills at a height of 1700 m isMaharaja Ranjit Singh in the 19 centurythe sacred cave of Vaishno Devi shrinesand became a part of the Sikh Empire.dedicated to the three forms of theMaharaja Ranjit Singh appointed Rajamother goddess- Mahalakshmi,Gulab Singh the ruler of Jammu in 1820.Mahakali and Mahasarasvati. PilgrimsAfter the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh,start trekking to the cave temple, which isPunjab, The Sikh Empire was defeated13 km from Katra. The majority ofby the British. Jammu's about 6 million populationNot having the resources to occupypractices Hinduism, while Islam andthe hills immediately after annexingSikhism enjoy a strong cultural heritageparts of Punjab, the British recognizedin the region. Due to relatively betterMaharaja Gulab Singh, the strongestinfrastructure, Jammu has emerged asruler north of the Sutlej River, as ruler ofthe main economic centre of the state. Jammu and Kashmir. After the Treaty ofThe Shivalik Range comprises mostAmritsar, the Maharaja became theof the region of Jammu. The Pir Panjalvassal of the Sikh Empire and was partlyRange, the Trikuta Hills and the low-responsible for its treaty obligations.lying Tawi River basin add to beauty andMaharaja Gulab Singh is thus credited asdiversity to the terrain of Jammu. The Pirthe founder of Jammu and Kashmir.Panjal range separates Jammu from theThus the two areas of Kashmir andKashmir valley. Jammu were integrated into a single
Jammu-Kashmir : Facts, Problems and Solution

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