(c)l999 American Institute of Aeronautics & AstronauticsAIAA-99-0821
EXPERIMENTS ON SHOCK INDUCED COMBUSTION OF ISOLATEDREGIONS OF HYDROGEN-OXYGEN MIXTURESM. Valentino-Air Force Research Labora toryMunitions DirectorateEglin AFB, FL 32542C. W. Kauffman’, M. Siche!Department of Aerospace EngineeringThe University of MichiganAnn Arbor, MI 48 109ABSTRACTThe interaction of a strong plane shockwave with isolated regions of gaseous mixtureswas examined through a series of shock tubeexperiments. Specifically, the non-uniformmixtures examined consisted of a sphericalbubble of pure hydrogen or hydrogen-oxygenmixtures surrounded by either an oxygen,nitrogen or air atmosphere. Shocks in therange of Mach 1.7 to 3.7 were studied. Theinteraction events where recorded with highspeed shadowgraphs and pressure tracerecordings. No chemical reactions wereobserved in the interactions of shocks withstrengths up to Mach 3.7 with a pure hydrogenbubble due to inadequate mixing of thereactants. In addition no reaction wasobserved for shocks up to Mach 3.0 interactingwith a premixedstoichiometric bubble.However, shock induced combustion wasobserved for incident shock strengths aboveMach 3.0. This demarcation between reactionand non-reaction corresponds to the classicalthird explosion limit for a hydrogen-oxygenmixture. This data will aid the study of theinitiation and propagation of detonation wavesand provide a useful set of test data forcomputational fluid dynamics codes involvingreactive flows.INTRODUCTIONThe interactions of shock waves with fluid non-uniformities have long been studied. Typicallythese studies have looked at the interface of twofluids of different densities. Cases of both a shockmoving from a light gas into the heavy gas and viceversa have been examined.Markstein [1,2],Richtmyer , Meshkov , Catherasoo &Sturtevant  and Brouillette & Sturtevant examined the instabilities generated by thepassage of a shock wave at planar interfacesbetween two different density gases. Abd-el-Fattah, et al. [7,8,9] also looked at shock wavesinteracting with interfaces between fluids ofdifferent densities but with an emphasis onexamining the process of shock wave refractionand reflection. Haas & Sturtevant [IO] extendedthis work by looking at shock interactions withcylindrical and sphericalinterfaces. Theirexperimental images clearly show how the passageof a shock wave over a light gas sphere deformsthe sphere into a vortex ring.The vorticity generation in these spheres due toa shock passage can easily be explained byexamining the vorticity equation,The second term on the right shows that vorticity,w, will be generated whenever the density and
Aerospace Research Engineer, Member AlAA’ Professor, Member AIAA* Professor, Member AIAAThis material is a declared work of the U.S. Government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States.
1American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics