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Jurgen Schumacher- Numerical Simulation of Cantilevered Ramp Injector Flow Fields for Hypervelocity Fuel/Air Mixing Enhancement

Jurgen Schumacher- Numerical Simulation of Cantilevered Ramp Injector Flow Fields for Hypervelocity Fuel/Air Mixing Enhancement

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NUMERICALIMULATION
F
CANTILEVERED
AMP
INJECTOR
FLOW
IELDS
OR
HYPERVELOCITY
UELIAIR
MIXING
NHANCEMENTJurgen Schumacher
A
thesis submitted in confonnity with the requirements
for
the degree
of
Doctor
of
PhilosophyGraduate Department
of
Aerospace
Science and Engineering
University
of Toronto
Copyright
@
2000
by
Jurgen
Schumacher
 
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NUMERICAL SIMULAT~ON
F
CANTILEVERED
AMP
NJECTOR
FLOW
FIELDS
OR
HYPERVELOCITY
UEL/AIR
IXING
NHANCEMENT
Jurgen SchurnacherDoctor of PhilosophyGraduate Department of Aerospace Science and EngineeringUniversity of Toronto
2000
Abstract
Increasing demand for affordable access to space and high speed terrestrial transport has spawnedresearch interest into various air-breathing hypersonic propulsion systems. Propulsion concepts
such
as the supersonic combustion ramjet (scramjet) and the shock-induced combustion ramjet(shcramjet) utilize oxygen fieely available in the atmosphere and thereby substantially rediicethe weight penalty of on-board oxidizer tankage used in rocket based systems. Of key irnpor-tance to the ultimate success of
an
air-breathing concept is the ability to eficiently mix the
fuel
with atmospheric air. In the case of a hypersonic air-breather the challenge is accentuateddue to the requirement of supersonic combustion. Flow velocities through the combustor onthe order of thousands of meters per second provide the fuel and air with only a brief time toadequately combine. Contemporary mixing augmentation methods to address this issue havefocused on fuel injection devices which promote axial vortices to enhance the mixing process.Much research effort has been expended on investigation of rarnp injectors for this purpose.The present study introduces a new rarnp injector design, based on the conventional ramp in-jector, dubbed the cantilevered ramp injector.
A
two-pronged numencal approach was employed to investigate
the
mixing performanceand characteristics
of
the cantilevered injector consisting of,
1)
cornparison with conventional

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