The World as a Machine
An understanding of relationships
Capra's basic theory is a synthesis of the view of the Mechanistsand Vitalists. The mechanists are the old guard of scientists whosee the world as a machine, Newtonian physics and descrateslogic are infalliable. The Vitalists see the world in patterns andshapes, and believe that science and math cannot possibly beused to explain life because there is something else to it, there issome entity that connects the world together. Be it the ego, or theid, or morphogenic ﬁelds, they think there is something hiddenbehind the workings of life. Capra says that system thinking is asynthesis of the two. He rejects a vitalist force that controls theworld, and he believes that the webs of relationships are whatmake life possible. He also admits that knowledge of how theindividual parts in the "machine" work is essential to see andunderstand the patterns and relationships.
That being said, all of three of these ways of seeing the world are present in the world today.