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How are You Sleeping at Night

How are You Sleeping at Night

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Published by hboyd
Very AmazingStrategy: http://tinyurl.com/mysleepapnea
Very AmazingStrategy: http://tinyurl.com/mysleepapnea

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Published by: hboyd on Jan 30, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 ==== ====How to Get Help with Your Sleep Apneahttp://tinyurl.com/mysleepapnea ==== ====Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder which is characterized by abnormal pauses in the breathingpattern, or instances of abnormally low breathing during sleep. Each pause between successivebreaths is called an "apnea" - a word derived from the Greek word "apnoia" which means "withoutbreath". In case of normal breathing, the frequency of pauses is constant and regular. When thenormal breathing pattern changes due to various reasons, and the intervals between successivepauses start becoming irregular, it leads to sleep apnea disorder. Each irregular pause of breath isreferred to as "hypopnea." So, in case of normal breathing, each interval or pause is termed as an"apnea", while in case of abnormal breathing it is termed as "hypopnea." Symptoms of sleep apnea Individuals suffering from the disorder often do not know they have it. Certain symptoms canascertain whether the individual is suffering from the disorder. The major symptoms include: InsomniaRestless sleeping patternsChoking or gasping during sleepNight sweatsFeeling excessively sleepy during the daySnoring frequently and loudlyTrouble in breathing during sleep Other symptoms indicating a possible disorder are: FatigueMorning headachesLoss of memoryDifficulty in learning new thingsIrritabilityInability to concentrate for longDepressionsMood swings and/or personality changesDry throat when awakingFrequent urination during the night Causes of sleep apnea The disorder generally occurs due to a fat buildup, or a loss of the muscle tone, especially duringold age. In this particular disorder, the tracheal muscles ("trachea" is the windpipe), the soft palate
muscles at the base of the tongue, and the uvula ("uvula" is the triangular shaped small fleshytissue hanging from the center in the back of the throat) relax to a considerable extent andcollapse during the breathing activity. In simple terms, the windpipe becomes taut, or the layers ofthe windpipe adhere which restricts the flow of air into the lungs. The disorder can also occur dueto a malfunction of neurons controlling the breathing process during sleep. This sleep disorder canbe diagnosed by an overnight polysomnogram test - a sleep test which is extensively used todetect sleeping disorders and related problems. Effects of sleep apnea Even though the sleep disorder might appear to be a common and not-so-serious, it can lead tosome serious health problems. If left untreated, the disorder can result in: DepressionSexual dysfunctionHypertensionHigh blood pressureIrregular heart beatsCoronary Heart DiseaseChronic Heart FailureWorsening of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Types of sleep apnea There are three types of sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)Central sleep apnea (CSA)Mixed sleep apnea (MSA) Even though all the three types of sleeping disorders differ as far as their causes and treatment isconcerned, one aspect remain common - some parts of the respiratory system narrow down andimpair the percentage of oxygen reaching the subject's lungs. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) This is a highly common form of the disorder found in majority of the individuals suffering fromsleeping disorder. Obstructive sleep apnea is a physical disorder. This form of disorder is typicallycharacterized by individuals who have: More weight (overweight)Small jaw lineA small air passage in the trachea (windpipe)Large tongueTonsils The main cause of OSA is the same as stated above for sleep apnea. The condition can furtherworsen if the subject consumes alcohol, ingests tranquilizers and sleeping pills.
 Central sleep apnea (CSA) This is a comparatively rare form of the sleeping disorder in which the tracheal muscles do not sagto much extent, and the air passage remains large enough so that enough air can pass through.However, in this particular disorder the diaphragm and the chest muscles temporarily fail tofunction effectively, which results in reduced oxygen levels in the blood. The decreased oxygenlevel affects normal metabolic working of the body, and the brain too receives less oxygen so thesubject suffers from memory loss, slow learning, sluggish reflexes, and inability to concentrate forlong. Mixed sleep apnea (MSA) In very rare cases, some individuals experience both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleepapnea simultaneously. In such cases, both the sleep disorders manifest themselves byinterspersing with each other, and the individual may experience the effects of either of thedisorders at one particular instance, or a combined effect of both. The pathological orpsychological effects of this disorder cannot be predetermined or ascertained since many factorsaffect its manifestation. Sleep apnea treatment The treatment for the sleep disorder varies in accordance to the level to which the individual issuffering from it. Generally, the treatment can be administered in the form of therapies andsurgeries depending upon how much the disorder is affecting the individual. The treatmentconsists of: Therapies Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) This therapy is generally used if the individual has moderate to severe sleep disorder. The therapyconsists of a machine which delivers air (oxygen) through a mask placed over the nose whileasleep. The air pressure remains greater than that of the surrounding air, and is just strongenough to keep the air passages open. Adjustable airway pressure devices In this therapy, a special type of air pressure device automatically adjusts the air pressure andoxygen levels while asleep. The basic functioning of the device is similar to that used for CPAPtherapy, however it is a more advanced model and supports bi-level positive airway pressure(BPAP). The device provides more pressure while inhaling and reduces the pressure whileexhaling. Adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) This airflow device learns and understands the normal breathing pattern, and subsequently storesthe information in a built-in computer. While asleep, the machine regulates the air pressure to

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