Water filled underground oil shale mines as heat source
, email@example.com Teaching Assistant, Tallinn University of Technology, Department of Mining
, firstname.lastname@example.orgDevelopment Manager, Mäetaguse MunicipalityUnderground oil shale mining has been performed for 90 years in the middle-north part of Baltic oil shale deposit in Estonian deposit. After the mine closuremine workings are filled with water. Underground oil shale mining createsunderground water pools called technogenic water bodies (Figure 1). Estonian oilshale deposit comprises ten closed mines that are fully or partly filled with water.Eight mines in the central part of the deposit: Ahtme, Kohtla, Kukruse, Käva,Sompa, Tammiku, mine No. 2 and mine No. 4 form one water body. Ubja mineand Kiviõli mines are located in the western part of the deposit, away from othermines. The main aim of this paper is to analyze the feasibility of using minewater asheat source for heat pumps and to find suitable places to set up such systems. Itwould be useful to use this mine water like heat source for heat pumps toproduce heat.
Figure 1 North-South cross section of underground mining area and heat pump installation example
For defining underground space, properties and classification of used miningtechnologies have to be created and evaluated for defining hydro geologicalparameters. Classification helps defining space that is available for water inabandoned mines. 3D model was built with geometrical data from mine plans,