Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Yule 8

Yule 8

Ratings: (0)|Views: 138|Likes:
Published by Azlan Taher

More info:

Published by: Azlan Taher on Jan 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/15/2013

pdf

text

original

 
Morphology
Morphology
: The study of the composition and structureof words
Morpheme
: A minimal unit of meaning or grammaticalfunctionantidisestablishmentarianismanti - dis - establish - ment - ari - an – ismMinimal unit of meaning:
cat
un-
establishMinimal unit of grammatical function:
-s (as in look-s)
-ed (as in look-ed)
 
Ways of Classifying Morphemes
 Bound 
vs.
 Free
 
Free Morpheme: car, spider, race
Bound Morpheme: un-, -ed, -sAffix Type
Prefix: re-
Suffix: -ed
infix: (rare in English) –freaking-Function of Bound Morphemes
 Derivational 
: change meaning or part of speech
o
Changes meaning: un- (un-happy)
o
Changes part of speech: -ness (happy-ness)
 Inflectional 
: refine or give extra grammatical info
 –s (3 sg pres) –ed (past) –ing (progressive) –en (past participle) –s (plural) –’s (possessive) –er (comparative) –est (superlative)
Types of Free Morphemes
 Lexical 
: have semantic content (they “mean”something) and can be added to in the lexicon (openclass)
 Functional 
: provide info about grammatical function(e.g. prepositions, articles, pronouns, conjunctions)and cannot be added to in the lexicon (closed class)
 
Morphemes and Allomorphs
 Past tense
: called [d], talked [t], glided [
!
d]Morpheme: /d/Allomorphs: [d] [t] [
!
d]
 Plural formation
: cars [z], desks [s], buses [
!
z]Morpheme: /z/Allomorphs: [z] [s] [
!
z]
-in
: impossible [
"
m], illegal [
"
l], incomplete [
"#
],irrevocable [
"
r], insane [
"
n]Morpheme: /in/Allomorphs: [
"
m] [
"l
] [
"#
] [
"
r] [
"
n]
What about irregular plurals (mouse/mice, man/men,deer/deer) past tense (go/went, sleep/slept, is/was)?
They seem to use separate lexical forms instead of derivational morphemes (suffixes)

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->