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Responses to Light and Temperature

Responses to Light and Temperature

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Published by: Savannah Simone Petrachenko on Jan 31, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/26/2014

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Responses to Light and Temperature
Readings
y
 
I
ntroduction pages
o
 
C
hapter 40: 854, 860-861
y
 
Thermoregulation
o
 
C
hapter 40: 860-870
y
 
I
onic and Osmotic Balance
o
 
C
hapter 51: 1092-1110
o
 
C
hapter 39: 836, 845-851
y
 
Biological
C
locks
o
 
C
hapter 53: 1140, 1152-1154
o
 
C
hapter 38: 826-832
S
ample Exam Questions
1.
 
 ___________________
is the process of physiological andbiochemical changes that an animal undergoes in response tomanipulations of selected environmental parameters in a controlledlaboratory setting.a.
 
Acclimatizationb.
 
Acclimationc.
 
Metabolic compensationd.
 
Homeostasis2.
 
I
f the Q10 of the metabolic rate of an animal is 2, then«a.
 
The animal is better acclimatized to cold than if its Q10 is 3b.
 
The animal is an ectothermc.
 
The animal consumes half as much oxygen per hour at 20°
C
asit does at 30°
C
 d.
 
The animal¶s metabolic rate is not at basal levelse.
 
The animal produces twice as much heat at 20°
C
as it does at30°
C
 
 
 
T
emperature Effect on Reaction Rate
 
y
 
Most reactions have a Q
10
between 2 and 3 (between light blue anddark blue curves)
Response to the Environment: Occurs at Multiple Levels of Biological OrganizationResponse to the Environment: Occurs over Various
T
ime Periods
y
 
Acute
:
I
mmediate response
o
 
E
.g. Temperature effects on enzyme activity
y
 
Chroni
c
adaptation: change in physiology to adjust set points inrelation to prolonged changes in the environment (occurs atmultiple levels of organization)
o
 
E
.g. Bunny changes its fur colour according to the amount of daylight
y
 
Ev
ol
ut
ionary
adaptation: (occurs at multiple levels of organization)
o
 
E
.g. Horses had toes, now they have hooves
Regulators and Conformers
y
 
C
onformers: Allow internal environments to follow external changes

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