3Center or American Progress | Cut and Run
only ask saes o “address he dispariy” in he disribuion o eecive eachers. A rsglance his may seem like a mild change. Bu “ensuring” means a sae is on he hook or suden access o good eachers, and “addressing” means no more han rying o x problems irrespecive o he oucome.
Public use of public money
Curren law requires school disrics o ensure sudens and eachers in privae schoolshave equiable access o educaional services such as compuer equipmen or proessionaldevelopmen. Te Suden Success Ac would mainain he pariy and srenghen i by requiring every sae o hire an ombudsman o monior and enorce he provision. Tis isa new ederal requiremen placed on saes and disrics ha would require greaer ederaloversigh o ensure compliance. I is ineresing ha he Kline bill would diminish equiy or disadvanaged sudens while srenghening equiy or privae school sudens.
Low-income children left behind by design
Te Kline proposal would also signicanly change ederal unding paterns. Somechanges would clearly diminish he argeing o ederal resources based on povery levels in schools, disrics, and saes. Oher changes would creae incenives o divereducaion unding. Sill more elling is he ailure o he Kline proposal o close aloophole in ederal law ha allows school disrics o shorchange schools wih largerpopulaions o low-income sudens.
Targeting federal funds based on poverty
Curren law provides abou $3 billion or improving he skills o eachers and princi-pals under ile II, Par A, or ile II-A. Tese unds are allocaed o saes and disrics based on povery levels and populaion, wih he povery acor given greaer weigh.Tis is consisen wih he ederal role in promoing equiy. Te Encouraging Innovaionand Eecive eachers Ac, however, would radically aler he way ile II-A unds aredisribued, hereby diluing he argeing o unds o ose he eecs o povery.Under curren pracice he accreion o various unding approaches makes i dicul oassess he exen o which ile II-A unds are driven by numbers o low-income chil-dren as opposed o populaions o children served. For ile II-A unds in excess o he2001 level—or combined Eisenhower and Class Size Reducion grans—he ormulaavors povery (65 percen) over populaion (35 percen) in driving unds o saes.
Buile II-A’s hold-harmless provision, which ensures ha saes coninue o receive a leas wha hey did in 2001 under he wo predecessor programs, avors povery wih weighs