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NHTSA - Driver Electronic Device Use in 2010 - 811517

NHTSA - Driver Electronic Device Use in 2010 - 811517

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Published by Andy Palanisamy
NHTSA Driver Electronic Device Use in 2010
NHTSA Driver Electronic Device Use in 2010

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Published by: Andy Palanisamy on Jan 31, 2012
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1
NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590
The percentage o drivers who were text-messaging or vis-ibly manipulating hand-held devices increased signicantlyrom 0.6 percent in 2009 to 0.9 percent in 2010, while thedriver hand-held cell phone use stood at 5 percent in 2010(Figure 1). These results are rom the National OccupantProtection Use Survey (NOPUS), which provides the onlynationwide probability-based observed data on driver elec-tronic device use in the United States. NOPUS is conductedannually by the National Center or Statistics and Analysiso the National Highway Trac Saety Administration.
DOT HS 811 517 December 2011
 
T
RAFFIC
S
AFETY
F
ACTS
Research Note
Driver Electronic Device Use in 2010
The percentage o drivers holding cell phones to their earswhile driving stood at 5 percent in 2010. This rate translatesinto 660,000 vehicles driven by people using hand-held cellphones at a typical daylight moment in 2010. It also translatesinto an estimated 9 percent o the vehicles whose driverswere using some type o phone (either hand-held or hands-ree) at a typical daylight moment in 2010. Please reer to thesection “Estimating Drivers on Road and Hands-Free CellPhone Users” or more details on how these two estimateswere obtained.The 2010 NOPUS ound that hand-held cell phone use con-tinued to be higher among emale drivers than male driv-ers (Figure 2). It also ound that hand-held cell phone usecontinued to be higher among 16- to 24-year-olds and loweramong drivers 70 and older (Figure 3).
Figure 3
Driver Hand-Held Cell Phone Use by Age, 2004-2010
Figure 1
Driver Use o Electronic Devices, 2002 - 2010
4%5%6%5%6%6%5%5%0.4%0.7%0.6%0.6%0.6%0.2%0.4%0.7%1.0%0.6%0.9%
0%1%2%3%4%5%6%7%20022004200520062007200820092010
    P   e   r   c   e   n   t   o    f    D   r    i   v   e   r   s    U   s    i   n   g    E    l   e   c   t   r   o   n    i   c    D   e   v    i   c   e   s    W    h    i    l   e    D   r    i   v    i   n   g
Handheld Cell Phone UseVisible Manipulation of Handheld DevicesVisible Headset Cell Phone Use
Figure 2
Driver Hand-Held Cell Phone Use by Gender, 2004-2010
Driver Holding Phones to Their Ears While Driving
 
 
6%8%6%8% 8%6% 6%4%5%4%5% 5%4% 4%
0%2%4%6%8%10%12%2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Female Male
    P   e   r   c   e   n   t   o    f    D   r    i   v   e   r   s    H   o    l    d    i   n   g    P    h   o   n   e   s    T   o    T    h   e    i   r    E   a   r   s    W    h    i    l   e    D   r    i   v    i   n   g
8%10%8%9%8%8%7%5%6%4%6%6%5% 5%1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1%
0%2%4%6%8%10%12%2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    P   e   r   c   e   n   t   o    f    D   r    i   v   e   r   s    H   o    l    d    i   n   g    P    h   o   n   e   s    T   o    T    h   e    i   r    E   a   r   s    W    h    i    l   e    D   r    i   v    i   n   g
Age 16-24 Age 25-69 Age 70 and Older
 
NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590
2
The percentage o drivers speaking with visible headsetson while driving increased signicantly rom 0.6 percent in2009 to 0.9 percent in 2010 as shown in Figure 1 and Table 2.The increase in headset use in 2010 occurred in a numbero driver categories, including emale drivers, drivers age 16to 24, White drivers, drivers o passenger cars and pickuptrucks, drivers traveling during weekdays, and drivers driv-ing alone.Table 2 shows the percentages o drivers speaking with vis-ible headsets on while driving in 2009 and 2010 by majorcharacteristics o drivers. The signicant increases in visibleheadset use by drivers age 16 to 24 in 2010 (1.4 percent) ascompared to 2009 (0.5 percent) is shown in Figure 4.
Figure 4
Driver Speaking With Visible Headsets on by Age, 2004-2010
(Note: Data not sufcient to produce a reliable estimatein 2004 and 2005 or age 70 and older)
0.8%1.3%0.7%0.9%0.5%1.4%0.6% 0.6%0.6%0.9%0.3%0.1%0.1%0.2%0.3%0.3%0.6%0.6%
0.0%0.5%1.0%1.5%2.0%2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    P   e   r   c   e   n   t   o    f    D   r    i   v   e   r   s    S   p   e   a    k    i   n   g   w    i   t    h    V    i   s    i    b    l   e    H   e   a   t   s   e   t   s    O   n    W    h    i    l   e    D   r    i   v    i   n   g
 
Age 16-24 Age 25-69 Age 70 and Older
Figure 5
Driver Visibly Manipulating Hand-Held Devices by Age,2005-2010
(Note: Except in 2007 and 2008, data notsufcient to produce a reliable estimate or age 70 and older)
Age 16-24 Age 25-69 Age 70 and Older
0.0%0.5%1.0%1.5%2.0%2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    P   e   r   c   e   n   t   o    f    D   r    i   v   e   r   s    V    i   s    i    b    l   y    H   e    l    d    D   e   v    i   c   e   s    W    h    i    l   e    D   r    i   v    i   n   g
0.2%0.3%0.4%1.0%1.7%1.1%1.5%0.1%0.5%0.6%0.9%0.5%0.8%0.4%
The percentage o drivers who were text-messaging or visi- bly manipulating hand-held devices while driving increasedsignicantly rom 0.6 percent in 2009 to 0.9 percent in 2010 asshown in Figure 1 and Table 3. Table 3 presents the percent-ages o drivers visibly manipulating hand-held devices in2009 and 2010 by major characteristics o drivers.The increase in drivers visibly manipulating hand-helddevices while driving in 2010 occurred in a number o drivercategories, including emale drivers, White drivers, driverso passenger cars, drivers in the Northeast, in the Midwestand in the West, and drivers traveling during weekends.Figure 5 shows that since 2007, the percentages o driversvisibly manipulating hand-held devices while driving have been signicantly higher among drivers age 16 to 24 thanthose o other age groups.
Drivers Speaking With Visible Headsets on While DrivingDrivers Visibly Manipulating Hand-Held Devices While Driving
 
3
NHTSA’s National Center for Statistics and Analysis 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590
Table 1
The Percent o Drivers Holding Phones to Their Ears While Driving, by Major Characteristics
Driver Group
1
200920102009-2010 Change% o DriversHolding Phonesto Ears
2
Confdence ThatUse Is High orLow in Group
3
% o DriversHolding Phonesto Ears
2
Confdence ThatUse Is High orLow in Group
3
Dierence inPercentagePointsConfdence in aChange in % oDrivers HoldingPhones to Ear
4
All Drivers
6
5%5% 027%Males4%
100%
4%
100%
09%Females6%
100%
6%
100%
043%Drivers by Age Group
6
 16-248%
100%
7%
100%
-129%25-695%69%5%68%025%70 and Older1%
100%
1%
100%
065%Drivers by Race
6
 White5%61%5%86%08%Black6%87%6%89%019%Members oOther Races4%
97%
3%
100%
-163%Drivers onExpressway Exit Ramps5%70%4%
98%
-177%Other Surace Streets5%70%5%
98%
09%Drivers Traveling ThroughLight Precipitation5%59%5%86%058%Fog5%59%3%
91%
-264%Clear Weather Conditions5%56%5%84%039%Drivers oPassenger Cars4%
100%
4%
100%
03%Vans & SUVs6%
100%
5%
95%
-172%Pickup Trucks5%52%5%89%033%Drivers in theNortheast4%78%4%87%025%Midwest5%66%5%68%043%South6%
100%
6%
99%
013%West4%86%4%89%041%Drivers inUrban Areas5%71%5%61%08%Suburban Areas5%
95%
5%58%065%Rural Areas4%
99%
5%70%157%Drivers Traveling DuringWeekdays6%
100%
5%
100%
-144%Rush Hours5%58%5%57%018%Nonrush Hours6%58%5%57%-150%Weekends4%
100%
4%
100%
011%Drivers With
5
 No Passengers 6%
100%
6%
100%
033%At Least One Passenger2%
100%
2%
100%
014%Drivers With
5
 No Passengers 6%
100%
6%
100%
033%Passengers All Under Age 87%
92%
6%75%-119%Passengers All 8 and Older2%
100%
2%
100%
018%Some Passengers Under 8 and Some 8or Older2%
100%
2%
100%
061%
1
Drivers o passenger vehicles with no commercial or government markings stopped at a stop sign or stoplight between 7 a.m. and 6 p.m.
2
The percent o drivers holding phones to their ears, based on the subjective assessments o roadside observers.
3
The statistical confdence that use in the driver group (e.g., white drivers) is higher or lower than use in the corresponding complementary driver group (e.g.,combined black or other drivers). Confdences that meet or exceed 90 percent are ormatted in boldace type. Confdences are rounded to the nearest percentagepoint, and so confdences reported as “100 percent” are between 99.5 percent and 100.0 percent.
4
The degree o statistical confdence that the 2010 use r ate is dierent rom the 2009 rate. Confdences that meet or exceed 90 percent are ormatted in boldace type.
5
Among passengers observed in the right-ront seat and the second row o seats (but NOPUS only counts up to two passengers in the second row and none in thethird row and beyond).
6
Age, gender, and racial classifcations are based on the subjective assessments o roadside observers.
Data Source:
NOPUS, NHTSA’s National Center or Statistics and Analysis

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