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01/27/2013

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1The UN Millennium Project is an independent advisory body commissioned by theUNSecretary-General to propose the best strategies for meeting the MillenniumDevelopment Goals(MDGs). The MDGs are the world’s targets for dramatically reducing extremepoverty in itsmany dimensions by 2015—income poverty, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack ofinfrastructure andshelter—while promoting gender equality, education, health, and environmentalsustainability.The UN Millennium Project is directed by Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs, SpecialAdvisor to theSecretary-General on the Millennium Development Goals. The bulk of its analyticalwork hasbeen carried out by 10 thematic task forces comprising more than 250 expertsfrom aroundthe world, including scientists, development practitioners, parliamentarians,policymakers,and representatives from civil society, UN agencies, the World Bank, theInternationalMonetary Fund, and the private sector. The UN Millennium Project reports directlyto UNSecretary-General Kofi Annan and United Nations Development ProgrammeAdministratorMark Malloch Brown, in his capacity as Chair of the UN Development Group.
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Task Force on Hunger
Halving hunger: it can be done
Task Force on Education and Gender Equality
Toward universal primary education: investments, incentives, and institutions
Task Force on Education and Gender Equality
Taking action: achieving gender equality and empowering women
Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health
Who’s got the power? Transforming health systems for women and children
Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential MedicinesWorking Group on HIV/AIDS
 
Combating AIDS in the developing world
Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential MedicinesWorking Group on Malaria
Coming to grips with malaria in the new millennium
Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential MedicinesWorking Group on TB
Investing in strategies to reverse the global incidence of TB
Task Force on HIV/AIDS, Malaria, TB, and Access to Essential MedicinesWorking Group on Access to Essential Medicines
Prescription for healthy development: increasing access to medicines
Task Force on Environmental Sustainability
Environment and human well-being: a practical strategy
Task Force on Water and Sanitation
Health, dignity, and development: what will it take?
Task Force on Improving the Lives of Slum Dwellers
A home in the city
Task Force on Trade
Trade for development
Task Force on Science, Technology, and Innovation
Innovation: applying knowledge in development
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Foreword
The world has an unprecedented opportunity to improve the lives of billionsof people by adopting practical approaches to meeting the MillenniumDevelopment Goals. At the request of UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan,the UN Millennium Project has identified practical strategies to eradicatepoverty by scaling up investments in infrastructure and human capitalwhile promoting gender equality and environmental sustainability. Thesestrategies are described in the UN Millennium Project’s report
Investing in Development: A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals,
which was coauthored by the coordinators of the UN Millennium Projecttask forces.The task forces have identified the interventions and policy measuresneeded to achieve each of the Goals. In
Innovation: Applying Knowledge in Development 
, the Task Force on Science, Technology, and Innovation underscoresthe critical importance of knowledge and innovation for developmentin every country—an emphasis that is echoed in
Investing in Development 
.Responding to challenges in areas such as economic productivity, agriculture,education, gender inequity, health, water, sanitation, environment, and participationin the global economy will require increased use of scientific and
 
technical knowledge. Technological innovation and the associated institutionaladjustments underpin long-term growth and must be at the center ofany strategy to strengthen the private sector.
Innovation 
proposes concrete and practical steps that governments andinternational agencies can undertake to bring science, technology, and innovationto bear on development.This report was prepared by a group of leading experts who contributedin their personal capacity and volunteered their time to this important task.
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Contents
Foreword iii Task force members xi Preface xiii Acknowledgments xv Abbreviations xx Millennium Development Goals xxii Executive summary 1Part 1 Mapping the terrain 13 1 Development as learning 15 
Transformational nature of technological innovation 15Scope of the report 18
2 How science and technology can contribute to achieving the Goals 20 
Contribution to human welfare 20Contribution to energy 22Contribution to health 23Contribution to water and sanitation 23Contribution to political stability and global security 23Technology in today’s global setting 25Conclusion 26
3 Innovation and economic advance 27 
Economic growth and innovation 27Technological divergence across countries 29
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Task force members
Task force coordinators
Calestous Juma
, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University,

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