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Question Responses to BIo-Tutorial 4- Using Concept Maps

Question Responses to BIo-Tutorial 4- Using Concept Maps

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Published by: bab3lis on Dec 06, 2007
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Biology 130 – Tutorial 4 - Using and Building a Concept Map:
In Biology concepts do not exist in isolation. Each concept or process depends on itsrelationships to many others for meaning. A concept map depicts hierarchy andrelationships among concepts. In attempting to identify the key and associated conceptsof a particular topic or sub-topic, one will usually acquire a deeper understanding of thetopic and clarification of any prior misconceptions.Concept maps are diagrammatic representations which show meaningful relationships between concepts in the form of propositions. Propositions are two or more conceptlabels linked by words which provide information on relationships or describingconnections between concepts.The concept map is a device for representing the conceptual structure of a subjectdiscipline in a two dimensional form which is analogous to a road map. Concept maps provide a visual image of the concepts under study in a tangible form which can befocused on very easily. Emphasis can be given to different textual aspects of a mapthrough varying the accompanying symbol’s shape, colour and size. Linkages betweendifferent parts of the map can be described and emphasized with words and/or directionalarrows. Maps can be readily revised or built upon at any time as necessary. During theformulation process there is active consolidation of the concrete and preciseunderstanding of the meanings and inter-relations of concepts.
Steps in constructing concept maps
- Focus on a theme or question and then identify related key words or  phrases (one to three words). You can write the words on Post-its
or separatecards so that they can be moved around and grouped.2.
– Rank or order the concepts (key words) from the broadest and mostinclusive to the most concrete and specific. Your focus question will help youidentify the most inclusive concepts. Add more concept or key words asnecessary.3.
- Cluster concepts that function at similar level and/or those thatinterrelate closely.4.
- Arrange concepts in to a diagrammatic representation. You will bestarting to build the map at this point.5.
Link and add propositions
- Link concepts with lines and label each line with a proposition ( a description of the relationship or connection between the terms).6.
Give emphasis
 – Give emphasis to and add importance to parts of the maps usingvisual devices such as colour, line thickness, directional arrows, etc.
Biol 130 - Tutorial 4 – Macromolecule Concept Map Exercise
Goal - Create a concept map to organize the four groups of macromolecules into their composite parts and relate each group to a molecule that is important in this course.We have already done some of the steps of creating a concept map for you. We haveidentified the 4 groups of macromolecules and organized the terms into the 4 categories.
Now follow these steps:
Rank and cluster the terms to build a relationship between them for eachmacromolecule type.Link the terms for each macromolecule type with lines and words that describethe relationship between them. You will be building 4 separate maps at first.Include the list of example molecules into your maps.Build a large scale macromolecule map on the attached page using the 4 separatemaps.
Use these terms:Protein: Carbohydrates: Lipids: Nucleic acids:
 primary structuretertiary structure beta sheetamino acidsalpha helixsecondary structurequaternary structuremotifsdomainsmonosaccharidesstarchesoligosaccarides polysaccaridesdisaccharideslipid-related moleculesfatty acidstriglyceridessteroidsglyceroldiglycerides phosphoglyceride phospholipid NutritionalStructuralnucleotidesnitrogen bases pentose sugar A C G T Uribose phosphate groupdeoxyribosenucleosides
Example molecules:Amylose ChitinMyoglobin CollagenEstrogen ATPGlucose DNARNA GlycosaminoglycansAndrogenLactoseCelluloseAmylopectin
You will be placing this concept map in your eportfolio. It will be used in Biol 139,Biol 273, Biol 331, amd Kin 217.Think about these questions when you place it in your eportfolio as an artefact.
1.How is this concept map about macromolecules connected to other topics in thiscourse?This concept map of macromolecules connects to other topics in this course because they are all on the same major topic of macromolecules. They arecontinuations of each other.2.What misconceptions did you have about the structure of macromolecules beforeyou completed this piece of work? (e.g. often students think that all proteins havea quaternary structure).There were no misconceptions that I had questions about or had any.

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