THE EVOLUTION OF A Q
BY T. E. LAWRENCE@ATE LIEUT.-COLONEL GEI’+4ERALTAFF,E.E.F.)The Arab Revolt began in June, 1916, with an Arabi offensive,a surprise attack by the half-armed and: inexperienced tribesmen upon the Turkish garrisons inI Medina and about Mecca. They had no success, nd after afew days’ effort they withdrew out of range of the fort,I artillery, and began a blockade. This method forced the earlysurrender of Mecca, whose road communications were too1 long and rough to be held by the Turks. Medina, however,; was inked by railway to the Turkish main Army in Syria, and,thanks to their superior numbers and equipment, the Turkswere able in a week’s ighting to restore the line and reinforce, the temporarily-besiegedgarrison there. The Arab forcesj which had attacked t fell back gradually as the Turks becamemore offensive, and at last moved fifty miles south-west nto( the hills, and there took up a position across he main road toi Mecca.At this point the campaign stood still for many weeks,while both sidesbreathed, and the Turks prepared to take theinitiative, by sending an expeditionary force to Mecca, tocrush the revolt where it had started. They moved an armycorps to Median by rail,and strengthened it beyondestablishmentwith guns, cars, aeroplanes,machine guns, andquantities of horse, mule and camel 9ranspor-t. Then theybegan to advancedown the main western road from Medinato Mecca. The total distancewas about two hundred and fifty
This article is rJmma~ 1 WestTroduced by pmstissian of the Am $&tier& and Dq@tzeetreet, Tavistock, Devon PL19 8DS-c’;ted Kingdom.