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Traffic Calming Chapter3f

Traffic Calming Chapter3f

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Published by Patricia Dillon

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Published by: Patricia Dillon on Feb 01, 2012
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02/01/2012

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Itbez }nss`we ciotzihs
Tzngg`n S`lonhsTzngg`c s`lonhs nze no ijw`ius jut er}eos`weciotzih dew`ce tbnt cno nggect oe`lbjizbiids `ofnop |nps/ Dehnps nt nztez`nh s`lonhs nze n}z`fe zensio giz sbiztcutt`ol nod no egg`c`eothpzuo s`lonh spstef cno di fucb ti zeduce tbziulbtzngg`c‐s use ig oe`lbjizbiid stzeets/S`lonhs cno nhsi je used ti `f}ziwe ciotzih ignccess ti oe`lbjizbiids ns |ehh ns ti ndd de&hnps( nt n b`lb cn}`tnh cist( ti hicnh stzeets; `t `suociffio tbiulb tbnt hicnh stzeets |iuhd igteosnt`sgp stnodnzd |nzznots giz s`lonh `ostnhhn&t`io/ @o Sncznfeoti( Cnh`gizo`n chisehp s}nceds`lonhs |`tb shi| }zilzess`io s}eeds bnwe jeeo}zi}ised ns n detezzeot ti tbziulb tzngg`c iohicnh stzeets `o n oe`lbjizbiid hicnted jet|eeotbe gzee|np z`ol nod tbe ceotznh jus`oess d`s&tz`ct/N oiweh use ig s`lonhs ti zeduce s}eed`ol nt nHis Nolehes( Cnh`gizo`n `otezsect`io ciuhd bnwen}}h`cnt`io ti tbe oe`lbjizbiid s`tunt`io/>5 Nonctunted s`lonh `s des`loed |`tb hii}s ti seoses}eed/ @g tbe cziss stzeet `s chenz( nutis tznweh`olnt tbe }zi}ez s}eed nze l`weo n lzeeo h`lbt |b`hes}eed`ol nutis nze sti}}ed/ Ns |`tb sti} s`los(tbe dew`ce `s eggect`we }z`fnz`hp oenz tbe `otez&sect`io( `o tb`s cnse |`tb`o 3==&7== geet/P`ehd S`losFucb ig tbe ewnhunt`io ig p`ehd s`los |ns }ez&gizfed `o tbe >05=‐s |beo tbe s`los |eze g`zst`otziduced/ Oi stud`es bnwe jeeo uociwezedtbnt bnwe ewnhunted p`ehd s`los ns n oe`lbjiz&biid }zitect`io dew`ce/ Bi|ewez( t|i stud`esbnwe ewnhunted sti} s`los( p`ehd s`los nod oic~otzih `o tezfs ig tbe`z egg`c`eocp nt hi| wihufe`otezsect`ios/7!3: Jitb stud`es( cioducted `o @o&d`non( sullest tbnt nt wihufes jehi| :== whab iotbe ciotzihhed hels ig no `otezsect`io( oi s`losnze no ncce}tnjhe ciotzih `o tezfs ig ncc`deots(i}eznt`ol /cist( nod egg`c`eocp/ Gzif :== ti 2==w}b( p`ehd s`los nze ns eggect`we ns sti} s`los `otezfs ig ncc`deots( nod nze su}ez`iz `o tezfs igeoezlp nod dehnp cists/ Njiwe 2== w}b( sti}s`los nze fize eggect`we/ @o nhh ig tbese cnses/sti} s`los nze des`znjhe `g s`lbt d`stnoce `s uo&ncce}tnjhe nccizd`ol ti tbe }zeseot stnodnzds/
Tzngg`c S`lonhs
<3
 
Scbiih Qioes‘Scbiih‖ s`los nod ghnsb`ol jencios nze gze&~ueot nod stnodnzd tbziulbiut tbe ciuotzp ti|nzo dz`wezs ig tbe }zeseoce ig scbiih cb`hdzeo`o tbe nzen/ Ghnsb`ol pehhi| jencios |eze stud&`ed nt seweznh hicnt`ios `o Keotuckp nod sbi|oti je eggect`we `o zeduc`ol nweznle s}eeds jp 3&4f}b "5&7 kf}b)/ hi3 Tbe use ig s`los nod ghnsbezst`fe&ciizd`onted |`tb tbe }zeseoce ig cb`hdzeon}}enzs ti nhsi je `f}iztnot/ \bezens s`losciot`ouiushp }zeseot nze oit nh|nps eggect`we( nstudp `o Nhnjnfn ig n zitnt`ol ‘Scbiih‖ s`lo(w`s`jhe iohp duz`ol biuzs jegize nod ngtezscbiih( |ns eggect`we `o zeduc`ol s}eeds njiut 5f}b&gzif:5ti:=f}b"4=ti3:kf}b)/‐Shi| S`los\b`he oit `o tbe FUTCD( ‘Shi|‖ s`los nze ngze~ueothp used |nzo`ol s`lo nt hicnt`iostbiulbt ti bnwe sife bnqnzd/ N studp `o @od`nonio n tnoleot sect`io ig b`lb|np |`tb oi ijw`iusoeed giz shi| s`los sbi|ed tbnt tbep bnd oi eg&gect4> N studp io n stee} cuzw`h`oenz stzeet `oF`hhjzne( Cnh`gizo`n sbi|ed tbnt s}eeds `o&czensed ngtez tbe s`los |eze `ostnhhedf5> Tbeseh`f`ted snf}hes nze oit hnzle eoiulb ti fnke n}is`t`we stntefeot njiut tbe eggect`weoess ig‘Shi|‐ s`los( jut tbep di oit sullest tbnt tbep|iuhd bnwe lzent wnhue io zes`deot`nh stzeets/Nccess Zeluhnt`io S`los‘Di Oit Eotez(‘Oit n Tbzu Stzeet(‖ ‘DendEod(‖ ‘ Hicnh‐Nccess Iohp(‖ nod ‘Tbzu Web`ches]zib`j`ted‖ s`los bnwe nhh jeeo used ns zeluhn&tizp iz |nzo`ol s`los `o wnz`ius tzngg`c s`tun&t`ios nod bnwe }iteot`nh use giz oe`lbjizbiid}zitect`io/ Oizfnhhp used ti `od`cnte tbe }zi&b`j`ted tznweh d`zect`io io ioe&|np stzeets( nodnt tbe suzgnce stzeet eod ig gzee|np er`t znf}s(‘Di Oit Eotez‖ s`los bnwe iccns`ionhhp jeeoused io zes`deot`nh stzeets `o h`eu ig jut |`tb tbesnfe }uz}ise ns sef`&d`weztezs/ ‘Oit N TbzuStzeet‖ nod ‘Hicnh Nccess Iohp‖ s`los `o tbezeluhntizp jhnck io |b`te gizfnt ciuhd cioce`w&njhp je eggect`we `o zeduc`ol tzngg`c wihufe iozes`deot`nh stzeets/ N hicnh izd`onoce h`f`t`olciot`ouius tznweh io stzeets |beze sucb s`losnze }isted ciuhd }ziw`de helnh jns`s giz tbe cio&tzih/ Tbe izd`onoce |iuhd s}ec`gp tbnt web`chestznweh`ol io n stzeet si }isted |iuhd bnwe tisti} nt n dest`ont`io iz tuzo igg tbe stzeet |`tb`on set oufjez ig jhicks iz ehse je sujaect ti n tzng&g`c c`tnt`io/ ‘Dend Eod‖ nod ‘Oit N TbzuStzeet‖ s`los `o tbe |nzo`ol jhnck io pehhi| giz&fnt ciuhd cioce`wnjhp je }isted io hicnh stzeetsnt tbe`z `otezsect`ios |`tb nztez`nhs nod cihhec&tizs ti d`sciuznle tzngg`c gzif us`ol tbef eweotbiulb tbe stzeets }isted nze nctunhhp ciot`o&uius/ Tb`s dece`t `s h`kehp ti je fist eggect`we `o nciffuo`tp `beze eoiulb cuh&de&sncs( d`weztezsnod sef`&d`weztezs bnwe jeeo de}hiped1Dz`wezstbeze |iuhd je ciosc`ius tbnt fnop stzeets nzejhicked nod( erce}t `o tbe`z i|o `fo`ed`nteoe`lbjizbiid( uoceztn`o ns ti |b`cb stzeetszenhhp li tbziulb nod |b`cb dio‐t/ Bi|ewez( |ejeh`ewe tbnt cb`cnoezp ig tb`s tp}e/|iuhd uodez&f`oe dz`wez ciog`deoce `o tzngg`c s`los nodsbiuhd oit je nttef}ted/ Oi dicufeotnt`io ignop ig tbese n}}h`cnt`ios bns jeeo ijtn`oed `otbe ciuzse ig tb`s studp/TzuckZestz`ct`iosTbe estnjh`sbfeot ig tzuck ziutes nod use igtzuck ziute s`lo`ol `s n |ehh estnjh`sbed }znct`ceused jitb giz oe`lbjizbiid }zitect`io nod tikee} tzucks io stzeets |`tb sugg`c`eot stzeoltb tincciffidnte tbef/ Zeluhnt`ios }ezf`tt`oltzuck tznweh io n stzeet giz n h`f`ted oufjez igjhicks nod iohp giz }`cku} nod deh`wez`es nzenhsi ciffio/]nzk`ol Ciotzih]nzk`ol }ziw`s`ios nod ciotzih cno d`zecthpnggect tbe wihufe ig tzngg`c io zes`deot`nhstzeets( }nzt`cuhnzhp |beze tbese stzeets nzebenw`hp used giz ciffutez }nzk`ol/ ]nzk`ol cio&tzih fnp je tbe iohp eggect`we tzngg`c fnonle&feot dew`ce `o n oe`lbjizbiid `g tbe }zijheftzngg`c `s cif}z`sed }zedif`onothp ig iuts`dezs|bi use tbe stzeets giz }nzk`ol/ Nod sifet`festbe }nzk`ol `tsehg `s cios`dezed jp zes`deots ti/je n }z`fnzp }zijhef/ Tbeze nze tbzee jns`cciotzih n}}zincbes ti denh |`tb iuts`dez }nzk&`ol `o oe`lbjizbiids1 jnos( t`fe h`f`ts nod zes`&deot}zegezeot`nh}nzk`ol/Jnos f'p }zib`j`t }nzk`ol nhh&dnp iz giz tbnt}ez`id ig tbe dnp fist eggect`we nln`ost iuts`d&ezs nod henst d`stuzj`ol ti zes`deots "0 iz >= nfti 3 iz 4 }f)/ Iutz`lbt jnos nze n gens`jhe n}}zencb iohp |beo zes`deots nze oit de}eodeot<4
 
io cuzj s}nce giz nop ig tbe`z i|o }nzk`oloeeds/ F`ddnp jnos fnp je |izknjhe |beo zes&`deot de}eodeoce io stzeet }nzk`ol `s iohp gizo`lbtt`fe stiznle ig web`ches/ ]nzk`ol giz zes`&deots‐ w`s`tizs `s nhfist nh|nps n }zijhef |`tbjnos/ Nod usunhhp tbeze `s eoiulb zes`deot de&}eodeoce io cuzj }nzk`ol iz `ocioweo`eocegzif`ts uonwn`hnj`h`tp tbnt jnos nze oit n zenh`s&t`c sihut`io/T`fe&h`f`t }nzk`ol `o tbe f`ddnp }ez`id cnoje eggect`we nln`ost ciffutezs }nzk`ol iooe`lbjizbiid stzeets/ Tb`s `s tzue si hiol ns tbeduznt`io h`f`t |iuhd gizce ciffutezs ti fiwetbe`z cnz fize tbno ioce duz`ol tbe ‒oizfnh|izk`ol dnp/ Nod nwn`hnj`h`tp ig cuzj s}nces(tbiulb duznt`io h`f`ted( sihwes fist ig tbe }zij&hef ig }nzk`ol giz zes`deots‐ w`s`tizs/ Jut `g tbe}zijhef }nzkezs nze sbizt&tezf w`s`tizs ti nondanceot sbi}}`ol iz nct`w`tp ceotez zntbez tbnonhh&dnp ciffutez }nzkezs( t`fe h`f`t }nzk`olfnp oit kee} tbef igg tbe oe`lbjizbiid stzeets/Nod uohess zes`deots‐ bnwe njsihutehp oi de&}eodeoce io dnpt`fe cuzj }nzk`ol( tbe duznt`ioh`f`ts|`hhjenou`snoce/Zes`deot }zegezeot`nh }nzk`ol scbefes cif&j`oe e`tbez jnos iz t`fe h`f`t }nzk`ol "usunhhptbe @nttez) |`tb no eref}t`io ig zes`deots‐ web`&ches gzif tbe }nzk`ol ciotzih/ Eref}t`ios nze `o&d`cnted jp st`ckezs }hnced
io
zes`deot`nh web`&ches/ Tbese nze e`tbez l`weo iz sihd ti ~unh`g`edzes`deots ig tbe }zegezeot`nh }nzk`ol d`stz`ct/Tbe zes`deot }zegezeoce ehefeot eh`f`ontes tbe}z`fnzp dzn|jnck ig us`ol }nzk`ol jnos iz t`feh`f`ts giz ciotzih9`ol iuts`dez }nzk`ol nod }nzk&ez tzngg`c `o oe`lbjizbiids/ S`oce n >0<< Uo`tedStntes Su}zefe Ciuzt dec`s`io u}bihd`ol sucb}zegezeot`nh}nzk`olfensuzes`oNzh`oltio(W`z&l`o`n( n oufjez ig ciffuo`t`es bnwe `f}hefeot&ed iz tnkeo s`f`hnz scbefes uodez nct`we cio&s`deznt`io/hI‖Scnot dntn io tbe `f}ncts ig sucb scbefes `scuzzeothp nwn`hnjhe/ Ijw`iushp( zeduct`ios `o}nzk`ol( tzngg`c nod tbe ntteodnot oi`se noditbez }zijhefs nze de}eodeot u}io tbe iuts`dezcif}ioeot ig }nzk`ol `o`t`nhhp/ Bi|ewez( er}e&z`eoce `o c`t`es h`ke Sno Gznoc`sci( Cnh`gizo`n;Nzh`oltio( Z`cbfiod nod Cbnzhittesw`hhe( W`z&l`o`n; F`h|nukee nod Fnd`sio( \`scios`o; Jnh&t`fize nod Fiotlifezp Ciuotp( Fnzphnod;F`ooen}ih`s( F`ooesitn1 Oe| Izhenos( Hiu`s`&non; Snhef( Izelio; \`hf`oltio( Dehn|nze nodfnop itbezs oi| `f}hefeot`ol }nzk`ol ciotzihs|`hh fez`t gutuze sczut`op/
Ciotzihsdenh`ol |`tbdz`wez }ezce}t`ionod }spcbihilp
Ciotzih dew`ces `o tbe }zew`ius sect`io cno jechnss`g`ed ns tzp`ol ti s}ec`g`cnhhp }zeweot(tbziulb }bps`cnh nod helnh fenos( no uodes`zednct`io jp n dz`wez/ Noitbez n}}zincb ti tbe}zijhef `s ti tzp ti |izk io tbe }spcbe iz ntt`&tude ig tbe dz`wez( ti eociuznle j`f ti di tbe}zi}ez tb`ol zntbez tbno }zeweot`ol b`f gzifdi`ol tbe `f}zi}ez tb`ol ns tbe itbez dew`ces di/
Hnteznh jnzs1
Er}ez`feots |`tb tbese tp}es ig dew`ces bnwejeeo ~u`te h`f`ted( nod iohp t|i bnwe jeeo d`s&ciwezed |b`cb sbi| s`lo`g`cnot eggects/ N studp`oLzent Jz`tn`o ewnhunted tbe use ig jnzs }n`ot&ed hnteznhhp ncziss n zind|np iwez n heoltb igioe&~unztez f`he "/4 kf); tbe jnzs |eze se}n&znted jp >= ti := geet "3 ti 7 fetezs)( jecif`olfize chisehp s}nced ns tbe `otezsect`io n}&}zincbed/ Tbe studp sbi|ed nweznle s}eeds>5= geet "45 fetezs) gzif tbe `otezsect`io zeduc&edgzif35ti:<f}b"57ti43kf}b)nsnzesuhtigtbe dew`ce;1ncc`deots |eze zeduced gzif >4 ti :`o n ioe&penz }ez`id jegize nod ngtez `ostnhhn&t`io/ No aostnhhnt`io `o Hiol Jencb( Cnh`gizo`nsbi|o `o G`luze <4( zeduced tbe 25tb }ezceot`hes}eed gzif 4=/5 ti 32/5 f}b "75 ti 2: kf}bV; tbe}ezceotnle ig dz`wezs erceed`ol tbe 35 f}b "52kf}b)s}eedh`f`t|nszeducedgzif7=ti35}ez&ceot/5 Bi|ewez( n s`f`hnz `ostnhhnt`io `o Snzn&tiln( Cnh`gizo`n sbi|ed n oelh`l`jhe eggect/7lNoitbez studp `o Lzent Jz`tn`o sbi|ed tbnt tbeeggect ig tbe }nttezo io tbe dz`wez‐s s}eed `s ‒de&}eodeot io tbe `oteznct`io jet|eeo ti}ilzn}bpnod tbe }nttezo( nod `s `f}ziwed `g n dz`wez bnsbnd n }zew`ius eociuotez |`tb tbe }nttezo/9<5@

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