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Impact of Rural Roads on Poverty Reduction: A Case Study-based Analysis

Impact of Rural Roads on Poverty Reduction: A Case Study-based Analysis

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This study aims to provide a concrete documentation of the correlation between rural roads and poverty reduction. Case studies from previous ADB operations were used for this assessment that will also be the basis on improving the design of rural roads.
This study aims to provide a concrete documentation of the correlation between rural roads and poverty reduction. Case studies from previous ADB operations were used for this assessment that will also be the basis on improving the design of rural roads.

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02/24/2014

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ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK 
IES: REG 2002-15
 
IMPACT OF RURAL ROADSONPOVERTY REDUCTION:A CASE STUDY-BASED ANALYSIS
October 2002
 
 
ABBREVIATIONS
ADB
Asian Development BankDFID
Department for International DevelopmentFRIP
Fifth Road Improvement ProjectINO
Indonesiakm
kilometer ha
hectareNGO
nongovernment organizationNWP-WRDP
North Western Province Water Resources Development ProjectPHI
PhilippinesPRA
participatory rural assessmentSIADP
Sorsogon Integrated Area Development ProjectSPRIP
Southern Provincial Roads Improvement ProjectSRI
Sri LankaTCSSP
Tree Crop Smallholder Sector ProjectTLRP
Third Local Roads ProjectVOC
vehicle operating cost
NOTE
In this report, “$” refers to US dollars.
Operations Evaluation Department, IE-68
 
 
CONTENTSPage
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY iiI. INTRODUCTION 1A. Background 1B. Study Objectives and Scope 2C. Methodology 2II. CASE STUDY PROJECTS AND SITES 4A. Study Projects 4B. Study Roads 5C Study Sites 6III. UNDERSTANDING POVERTY 8A. Who Are the Poor? 8B. Key Poverty Themes Common to All Study Locations 9IV. CONSIDERATIONS FOR PROJECT DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION 11A. Considerations for Project Design 11B. Considerations for Project Implementation 14V. KEY IMPACTS AND RELATED ISSUES 16A. Changes in Transportation Services 16B. Changes in Travel Patterns 20C. Changes in Village Profile 22D. Changes in Income and Welfare 27VI. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 33A. Study Conclusions 33B. Recommendations for Strengthening Poverty Reduction Impacts 35APPENDIXES1. Methodology Details 382. Sample Framework for Documenting Field Research 473. Poverty Details 504. Study Roads, Project Sites, and Control Sites 595. Case Study Details in the Philippines 656. Case Study Details in Sri Lanka 807. Case Study Details in Indonesia 968. Household Case Studies from Along the Project Roads 108

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