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Water Supply and Sanitation Projects in Selected Developing Member Countries

Water Supply and Sanitation Projects in Selected Developing Member Countries

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Completed in 2002, this evaluation study analyzes the effect of ADB lending and technical assistance for water supply and sanitation projects. The study assesses how improved water availability has affected various user groups, particularly the poor, and discusses the results and effect of selected projects in the context of physical, poverty, health and environmental, social and gender, financial and economic, and institutional and policy dimensions.
Completed in 2002, this evaluation study analyzes the effect of ADB lending and technical assistance for water supply and sanitation projects. The study assesses how improved water availability has affected various user groups, particularly the poor, and discusses the results and effect of selected projects in the context of physical, poverty, health and environmental, social and gender, financial and economic, and institutional and policy dimensions.

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03/02/2013

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 ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK
IES: REG 2002-17
IMPACT EVALUATION STUDYONWATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROJECTSINSELECTED DEVELOPING MEMBER COUNTRIES
 December 2002
 
 
 ABBREVIATIONS
ADB Asian Development BankDMC developing member countryDSM demand-side managementIES impact evaluation studym
3
cubic meterNGO nongovernment organizationNRW nonrevenue waterO&M operation and maintenancePRC People’s Republic of ChinaRSDD Regional and Sustainable Development DepartmentTA technical assistanceWSC water supply companyWSS – water supply and sanitationUN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme
NOTE
In this report, "$" refers to US dollars.
Operations Evaluation Department, IE-69
 
CONTENTS
PageEXECUTIVE SUMMARY iii
 
I.
 
INTRODUCTION 1
 
A.
 
Background 1
 
B.
 
Purpose and Scope of Evaluation 2
 
C.
 
Approach and Methodology 3
 
D.
 
Stakeholder Workshops 4
 
E.
 
Report Finalization 5
 
II.
 
KEY IMPACTS OF CASE STUDY PROJECTS 5
 
A.
 
Physical Impacts 5
 
B.
 
Poverty Impacts 6
 
C.
 
Health Impacts 7
 
D.
 
Gender Impacts 9
 
E.
 
Environmental Impacts 9
 
F.
 
Institutional Performance and Cost Recovery 10
 
G.
 
Policy Impacts 14
 
III.
 
KEY ISSUES FOR CONSIDERATION 16
 
A.
 
Cost Recovery and Financial Sustainability 16
 
B.
 
Nonrevenue Water 16
 
C.
 
Targeted Subsidies for Poor Households 17
 
D.
 
Sanitation, Hygiene Behavior, and Community Health 17
 
E.
 
Community Participation 18
 
F.
 
Good Governance and Effective Project Management 18
 
IV.
 
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 20
 
A.
 
Lessons Learned and Best Practices 20
 
B.
 
Action Plan 22
 
APPENDIXES1. Case Study Projects 262. ADB Assistance in the Water Supply and Sanitation Sector 27in the Selected Countries3. Comparison of the Case Study Projects 304. Project Performance Audit Reports and Impact Evaluation Studies 36in the Water Supply and Sanitation Sector5. Evaluation Design Matrix 386. Summaries of Country Reports 417. Impact of Water Supply and Sanitation Projects 568. Sustainability of Community-Level Water Systems 62

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