By four things it is perceived with great regard must be had always unto: viz. By eye,feeding, mutes, and casting.First the eye waxes pale and dead: the feeding is done faintly with tearing a little at onceand throwing it away.: the mutes after the enseaming will be foul coloured: the castingwill be loose, moist, black, or yellowish and stinking. Now when any of this afforesaidsigns appear, then presently use the remedies afterwards in the title of casting, gorges,and surfeits. And most of all this, disease do grow by foul and unclean feeding, over gorging, lack of water, or by giving too often castings after she is clean with castingswhich will make her dry in body and stalk like a stick. Note in a mewed hawk you shall not permit a surfeit before she be clean.
Meats and Diet
Meats which endue (put on weight?) soonest and make the hardest panel are best, for example beef red and fair, neither slimey or filmy, clean pared and trimmed from all dryfat and strings. Likewise mutton, as the leg, heart, piece under the kidneys: venison,hearts of pig and goose: all small birds, pigeons and chickens warm or new. All this is best: marry at a shift rooks, choughs, magpies, etc. for a gorge will serve. But yet as beef is best for a flying hawk, so it is worst of all other if it be not well chosen and used, for itwill soon wax moist and slimey, and so will mutton if they be in small pieces or keptlong, and there of will come surfeits. But yet if your hawk be very high, you may wet itin water and wipe it dry, and so give it for a gorge without danger. Therefor look after inthe title of keeping beef, and there you shall be satisfied for keeping thereof which ismost excellent for a flying hawk. Note: coarse grained beef brings the cray and is as evil as slimey beef: pigeon andswallows be very drying: and too hot for a sick hawk: chickens flesh cold is nought also.Ram's mutton or flesh of any beast going to rut be it male or female will presently surfeita hawk. Bloody flesh is better than white flesh of any beast or fowl. But certainly achange of meat is always best. With the meat above mentioned being warm new andgood, and with seldom or often feeding, and the quantity, you may temper them to makethem high or eager to fly at your pleasure without washed meats or unnatural diets or physicing which many in this case do use for lack of knowledge and thereby do fill themwith the cray, rye, and other diseases which only come from an evil diet. Note: at the first drawing it is good for a mewed hawk to be carried in a rufter hood, andfed therein, and never off day or night for six or seven days lest she fall into the pantas by striving whiles she is fat and breathless. But sorehawks be clean of themselveswithout such greasiness and foulness, and therefore need nothing but two days hoodingand clean feeding, tiring and plumage, castings, water and carriage to enseam them perfectly which is done in a short space of time which I accomplish in ten or twelve days.But a mewed hawk to be well used must have a month or three weeks at least to be wellenseamed; for you may not offer to call her abroad until she is come to such stomach thatshe will not sit upon the perch in your house if she sees you, but desires to be with you:and do it by this order which I have used. Feed her with half gorge, quarter gorge, andhalf quarter gorge continually at all times of the day early and late, and once in two daysgive a good gorge, and see at all times it be well endewed; and this with such usage as isspoken of sorehawks before, will make more sinews than all the scourings and washed