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P. 1
Vaman Hari Pandit (2) on Gandhiji

Vaman Hari Pandit (2) on Gandhiji

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Published by Pradeep Apte
This is the second series of writings by my grandfather. He was an eye witness to Gandhiji's assasination.This document describes that fateful day in Indian history and also has another article on Gandhiji.
This is the second series of writings by my grandfather. He was an eye witness to Gandhiji's assasination.This document describes that fateful day in Indian history and also has another article on Gandhiji.

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Published by: Pradeep Apte on Feb 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/18/2013

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T}4
IJRDER
OF
IWA^V
OF
FEACE
(By:
Vaman
H.
panilii)Gandhijrhad
come
and
gone.
I-The
writer..
prcsents
la
bomb
was
thrown
by
a
There
was
nothing
but
agonyl
I*:.an
e-ye-witness
r+co'
lrourg
man
during
theprayer-
in'his
heart.
He
could
not
ac-
i
Ilection
of
2f
Ve-ars
,qo,
lmeeting.
No
oie*ui-lrrrt.
cept
the
congratuiations
trr:
I
when
thb
hand
of
the
I
ekout
this
rncident
n"'l"l
I
hatredand
killing
dagnaeed
I
murderer_,strugli
the
ilran
I
marked
ilrat
,ro
orru
,ioura
I
the
plmosphere.
In
Beneal
i
of
Peace-Itr{irp
Gandhl.
llook
down
upon
ilris
irrirsrld_
f
Ganclhijr tliecl
to
mainiain
I
,*L"
ir
the
last
page.
The
luJ'yorrrg
man..
on
the.ther
I
peacebut
unhappi,""
,i
,T
I
::ljl-"
*P
*::.,._*1i111c
I
rrana
rre
tora
ttru
i".po.'t"crr_
|
i
:l
,ti+:',"$'*'
ffi
Ji
I
';"*:
:
t++
l;
rhri"*:
I
*:'";:'r'*#11]i::,"],ffi
i
ichcerfuly
die
at
the
,]"lru.,:1
liT:"rtt
to
Pakisten
irnnrcctra-
luno
ot
legrslation
ttrrt
,rcv
r
ianyone
who
chose
t,-r
tako-
his
I
tclv'
.
lf,J"o*.'
I
irirgu9
wourd
then
jra_vc
flo1c
L
T.n,'
c"'rII:,:"
:1.:
],^111
,;'1"
i,"
proceeded
to
rrarp
rrponi
lrvhathe
was
advrsirrg
all
to
llndia
was
highly,
app:'eciat,ed-
lthe
decontiol
ofurr""i*f
I
I
oi,,
arrhis
pleacrinss
ro
res-
I
ff-:?:l
.l[:,',,iif,
':;
'ff
l:::l"on:s
which
n"..l1;
I
Itore
communrt
tr.*n,,i
i.rilrr""."'
"#;;*;i
i"
r*a-i;;li"f;u'^:"d^^:ry1.,t^T
c1l]ll^ti
 
lnr"
communal
harmo,v
fctl
I
honour
uno
,:ull'-,,'^"*1"-1u-l?
I;itof
corruption"g.r"ri
I
I
nrt.It
was
his
vow
tn
"do"
lan
honourable
setllcmeni.
not
l--:-
lwhich
alone
kept
him
rrlmi"irv
",
ir."-iit';;i;;;;.1;;,lwhich
he
begged
his
listener"'1
Jdeath.
"
his
matchless
lriencl"
rbut
on
"utr',t"aim-t";;-"'#i:
lto
be
ever
vigrlant
andactive'l
l:fi;'""tH
;';i;i1",--i',a
I
;.:;';,i;'
r*"
;;;i;;;;;.'1-
I
^1"1-tT*y-o11..-"19-.-
.
I
ltleath.
"
hrs
marcnless
lrlenq
lput
o11
arlrne
olltelelrces
uEr-
|
I
-t.hn'voice
wrthinlrin,-Jrrd
livccn
Lhe
lwoDomin'orts".
i
LAST
IIAIL BAG
r
ibeei
calling
him
for'
I
long
i
Stitt
Ganclhiii
cnntinueri
his
i
OnIy
altbr
four
dnys
of
i
itime.
but
hehadlreen
shutting/ias'-.
On
18
Januarv
h,r
,:nrlecl
1rhis
prayear-meeting
ailil-i
'r,l=
o^.,toit.
lest
it
might
be
lnis
fast'
The
peoole
reioiced
jress'
on
Fritlay'
January
tfr"
loi.uofSatan,
I
rll
over
thc
country.
Wirtn
he
i
30.
thelast
and
fatal
blow
r
e..""ai"n-to
the
atl'zi<:e,
he'learnt
that
a
Peaee
Qonrrnt-
i
lvas
struck'
Earlyin
the
a".ciaea
t;
undertake
rnc
lttcs
representativn
of
all
corn-
i
morning
ttat
dayhe
rrleared'
mole fast.
He
said
"il'Iy
im-
,
,,.,,,"iti".
in
D'olhi
trarl
signed
I
his
mail-bag'
IIe
replietl all
:"o.trr"
has
been
gna'.rzing
at
ja
pactpledging
to
pr:ofccl
tht:
ihis
important
letters"f
i;'.
;i
i"i".
It
wiligo
inrme-
liur"tri*
**o1lv.---,--.^
I
y*-::lt{,"1"-'YT-:l*''i
M"
P-
BHOPAL,
CII,{IiNtrC*
T
JAN.
31,
19?0.
iil.
P.
cEnoNlcLE
Puniab
he
could
rrot
do.,so.l
outsiilo
tlle
Birre
lrouse
lceneral
of
poiice;,;;;t*,;:
"He
was
ready
to
die
,so
rhat
I l:lld
.
th:
-rlg,,
news:
I
bt"th"vouns
mar:
i*
any
we might
live
in
peace".i
"Bapu
is no
more",
I
wa.y.
Theyshould
t.v
to
win
 
mlgnl IIve
In
peace".i
"Itaptrls no
more",
I
wa.y.
Theyshould
try
to
Win
41
the
end
of
septembcr
I.*l****.lni*'orr".
and
convert
irr*i"
i
L947,
Gandhi
rstlrrnecl
to
lfor
the
last
threg,
days,
Ttre
l.igfrt
thinking
an6
doing.
Delhr,
lle
stayed
st.Birla
|final
conclusion
tras-
tiasl'redl"E""ruy
3
week
later
of
thjs
House.
He
addressed
daily
at
I
upon
rre
snd
it
,nrskes
lne
lincideni
6n
January-ZO.
,,In_
his
prayer-meetings.
The
peo-
,jr"ppy.
Noman,
if
he
is
pure,
!
dependence
Day',
now
thep1e
of
Punjab
and
Bengal
ac-'has anvthing
moreprecir,u,:
to
lRepublicDay
Gancihrji
askcd
iepted
the
partiticn
of
their'
'giv6than
his
hfe.,
I
liope,
,ia
I
p"Jnrtwhat
were
they
ce*r-
homeland
as
afait
accornpli.
'praythat
I
havs
ths.purity
in
llratingr
he
sai;
,,that
Mrgrationand
counter.migra-,De
to
iiustify
the
stip".
lwg
have
handled
independ.ence
tion
began between
the
two
i
r,es_r
FAsr
.
l;:;;;
i"'n.
i*ii,,ii"*0.,,
ctomir.rios
of
India
ancl
pakis-l
,l:
1".,
F.:_.r,^:.oiT",l:.-d
li,l
r""rr
r
am,
qven
if
you
are
tan
which
resulted
in
mass
on
13,
January
1948.
Hc
ct.rr)-
lr,o1r,.
murders.
He
advised
bolh
the
ltinued
'lo
address
the
crowd
Inut
they
were
entit.tctt
to
commuruties,
Hindu
ancl.
-lVlus-
ldaily
sthis
1:raycr-mt'etrns
lho;e
hat
theworst
rr.as
over
-'-,-'"'"
lnope
hat
theworst
\.,.aS
Dver
ims.
ihat
thev
sh.trlc
not
JAt
that time
ao"ulll-"r1-',]l
,
of
]u.,a
tn"t
they
rverg
on
the.
leat,e
their
homes.
I
India,
had
been
lvith
holr"lin.g
i
-^^,
.^
^L.,---..^
-
.L
-
1^-_-r:
^-1
'e
their
homes.
llndia,,,had
been
rvithl"ld:..s
ir..rt'r"
showrng
the
rowliest
GoD's
EscoRT
from
the Government
of
Paki-
j,.,i
rie
vilagersthat
it
mearrt
.
In
one
of
his
lrrayer'-nteet-
lstancertain
subst;r:rtral
t,,tt,.'[i."]
...
n^,,^+
...".=J"i|.1:),3].,=::1.
hisfreedom
trom
seridonS
lrr,.s--hesaid
1-re_.1t1nted
to
go
iof
money
whi6h,thcv
hadpre.
,V1ol"r"u,
veijecl
or
""r]rit,
1
;roarl
narts.of
pakiitp.,
"*.1
lyhy:lv
agreed.to
.rl:n
or_1.l,r,rrtbetabooed,strikes
he
I
Itrrr
proractron'rt..no
escort
lro
tnem
as
part or
--n{r
jlrvl;
idisapproved
though
he
hun_
I
lsavc
God.
He
would_
eo
rherc
l:i":,
*
11ets
of
lh:
*n"l*.,:i
l#i,
*r,
responsible
f"".#;i
;;-;;-i";".Ii
will-go
inlr,c-
iMuslim"minorit:,. i
must
replv
to
themtoday'i,
Jiut"rvthe
fastt,
"*"l11Tl;
j
^
T1"y1..IlxT]Tf,,
"^
i
n"
,:1*o'1'j
.,1,1^i1o.,
'l
I
have
beenbroodrng
overit
I
on
20
January
Gandhiji
re-
|
(contd'
in
col'
7)
 
Folded
[Iamds
man
rushed
through
the
rnui-
I
t.,r
the
clouds
in
:Lrs
sl<y.
titude
and
bent
as
if
h.r
Were
|T%en
the
funeral
procession
bowing
before
him.
He
pushed
lstarted
stretching
o.v.er,seven
aside
Manu
Gandhr
ancl
start-
lrnileslong,
the
cortege
of
the
ed
shooting.The
first
bullet
ldepartecl
Mahatmaii
passeC
hit
him
in
the
abdouren.
He
jthrough
themain
route
people
uttered"RamRam"
and
then
lfaltrng
fiowers
and
rosg
two
more
shots
stmck
him.
lpshls.
Bhayan.
He
lost his
consct-
|
Conches
and
trumpets
were
ousness.Efiorts
to
save
hls
I
blown
as
the
cortage
passed.
life
faiied.
AII
medit',rl
:;cience
lThe
military
r:alriag,-,
\^'a3
was
ol
nq
5i/ail.Till
now
ho
ldrawnby units of
India's
-^'--^:
-^".-
I
^
hrlosopher
has
solved
satis-r
Army,
Navy
and
Arr
Furce,
I
iactoriiy
1nu
knot
of
human
lat
tr,"
Raj
Ghat
l{atratmair's
l^^^.. l-, o--.^ n,,+-i,t^+L^ iL^r-----^--.r^^^J^-
+L
-^^.-
eath
andFate.
Out
side ihe
i
body was
placed
cn
the
sair-
iBi.la
Bhavan
it
was
announ-
idalwoodpyre.
Dakotas
of
the
Itre
fell
down.
His
spectacles
zuspended
overhts
todl'
,nO
his
sandals
were
:hrov/n
out.
Bloodprofuselyrushed
out
of
his
breast
and
abdomen.
He
raised
his
arms
a5
o
fles-
ture
of
prayer
t6
his
audierrce.
He
wastaken
to
the
Biria
Oh!
it
was
a
..'e!riiab1,:
car-
petstrewn
on the
roac[,flolv-
ers,
and
flowers
evclywhere.
At
lastthe
procession
reached
Raj
Ghat
onthe
hanks
of
thesacred
Jumna.
N,AJ
GIIA'I
the
eeremonY
of
itrruersion
of
,
Mahatmaji's
ashesin
the
holv rivers
of
India
wa:
carri-
ietl
out.
Leaders
of
the
various
States
returned
r,vith
Kalash
of
the
ashes
to
their
resPect-
,ive
States.
The
rvrilel
slong
iwith
thsPeoPle
of
lltadh""-a
Pradesh
returnedt':
Indoi'e
wrth
ths
Gloriou.
Dusr
eed
to
the
anxiously
u'aiting
I
Royal
Indian
Foice,
dipping
crowd:i'Bapu
is
dearl".
i
in
salute,
showered
flowcrtd
ALL WEPT
lonthe
bier'
Leaders
after
'rhe
whote of
rhe
,rtc,cnt
]5:;:1,
*Tfl;l--".,,"
t:;,1
I
.iay
."t
Dethi,
nay
thr.
whole
l"'i
i."".i""U
at
rhe
hea.l
lcountrywas
plunrlocl
lllto
,-
:
deepest
sorrow.
a
to..,i,r"
;;;
i:.1^"
'l:.-,,^o^1"';^
*-
I5l:
wtrcJL Jurtvw.A
ut:rrrl,rts
li, lWaSaOplied tOthepyre
ofgficf
went
up
from
the-: -::-
assembred
crowd
in
ril"";;:
i:"u
o:1"5
1T:
1L:^.1'';'.:'
pound
of
the
House.
Thou-
i
sands
or
men,
women
^'il
I
:.:l-t"'
^:iT,'Y.*:u"^":::'*t
o'u- ur'rr.,wv,r!L,,
-..,-
I
were
added
tothe
flantes.
children
wept,
lvept,
,*:llIA";"--;as
smok'.
a
big
Ttrey
bowed
their
head5
wtth'^^r^,**-^r'^rn,r.r-.'inh
hirr
lr-ney
ooweo
rrlelr
rl.a(rs
*',""
lcolumn
ofcloud
tthich
hidlshBme
and
downeast
ne€r:s.
ltho
..un"
from
thevievr.
Flsgs
In',:A::,Htf.Jlf
'"i*,",3h*l;fln"",,*:il"'i,::
j:
I'J:l
ilJ#'
n:X"";::i,'"',i
.3
i
T""'.
o"l
ol
li:
-:
n"11.
^.
li^.:
,
T"'tloY'o
nave
llrer
I
tett
"'
I
closed,meetings
adjourned
lti'"ni
,llli'
.""."rrse
or
peo-
lala
ney.inlpers
came
out
with
I
o'
i'
lHlt
;
;:""#
:.
;,
"
"
T
I
-'11"
i:
I
"
:1..,'
Hl'f,li".'
""
"l
:l]
P''
'::=""^: '"""":'.
I'lttre
satd
story.Tribtrtes
pour-
inumaxlty
-weeplng-.
and
"elr.
ledrn
from
all
over
theworld.
I
llS,''",i:
i":H':'':,
iilHi'
:?
I
IT^:"'
T^.,
country
observed
In"onru
that
rhei
r#
ilil"
ff:*,1:ii,[3'i,l"l"''u".,".-
I
|
-..------_--
lmed
on
12th
Feb*rar]',
when
 
se
A,lone
fs'?-
Gandhi
On
God
(.)n,-.-'.l
C{)t
lltsl-1,-rild'-'tr,-
in',
\
It,
Jtrj;ihlila G;indltt
tt)
atr'.
\,
dr
,-.ortrc
oI
thecucstion:
p0se{1
by hrmin
hts
'
tur'li\GI.\DlA"
abour
Gcrl.
't
lrc
cr-rrt'espondeut
c1e-
sirecla
ciari[icaiiofl
frr-rm
Ganclhilt:
'"1read
.!'our
"Y0lJNqINDIA"
of
l2ttt
Mrry.
l!27.
whttel,otl
$l'lte.
"Ilhin(i[
l:i
wrLrng
t0
ex-
Lree
L
ecrtainties
in
this
worldlvhere
all
els,'
but
God,
that
is
'Iruth,
is
ln
u0cel'tarnty''.
orvn
L)clr
a
nrunu,menl
lol
The
follorvin{
lvere
rhe
himself,
not
in
marbalbui
question$
rn
hrrr'f
askcd
by
in
words
tmmortal.
FIrs
con-
the
eorrespttitdent:--
"God
ur,rr',ng,
argumellt:r.
the
writer
Is
n{Jt
'a
ecrtainiy.
Why
rloeshooes,'
for
the
cxl-qtcnce
oi
heallow
the
uorldto
be
po-
6u4
wouid
g,
a
lo*g
rvay
pulated
b-v
bad
peoplc
of
all
1o
allieyate
sorilre
of
the
cares
shades?;;;"^';",'-.,,.-."'"t rr;r-l;;-
hin
rn
as
er
eru
clritn:irq
cr
e
r
,
WHY
ALL0\4/
EVIL?",*rt
tJifr!';;.;1d
-^dving'there\\'ar
un-i:--'slrgulil
uot
Go,l,
k;li
lvtsk-rI':*tot*"tt.tit
the
ilrgu-
h.ins
all
that
ci-tilllte
3
lir;rl3
edness
by
Hts
powerthslg
rnent-
*"
ot
"iJ
as
alu*'|.u*"t
that
rvas
chanqeless'
;rnd
then
nip all rascailrv
in
But
t
"p"ttiiit.d[in;;liilthat
held
all
toqethe
r'
that
thebud
and
ror
orr#'iutill
*ii"
*-[v
n*
rrii"r.J'
-
Hs
created'
dissoh'es
and
t'^cre-
erl
people
to
flour.isir?
lwas
oto..ri*-n
"r"';;;" i;-
1:.tt1
Thatlniornring
pot'elot
why
should
Clt.,t,
be
i.,ng-lliut"
"i
lti."t-'rtni*rta:"-that
or
spirit
was
Cod'
A'd
siric:i'suffering
and
bc
patrent?
-
ltrrere
*"'"'ru'n"g
';";
;1;"
ttttthinn
else
he
sa'rv
mett:lY
rI
God
alr'i's
,
,ili,lli;.,"
l;lJi*i:];,tJi;
r,ii.ui.",
Xf#ifn
J,t"o,""ijlu"i".,Tlo,,l'
ti,gIl15 Owll
!',fave.wltY
ullu
uurtlgs'
should
he
nor
ou*.n't',r."'l"o
-lr*wtit
ot'
and
eln
citing
BENEvotENT
t1'rant
before
his
tyrannv
his
reasons_
about
the
exl-
Andthat
;r.,i..c|lvas
r.r.ire-
oppresses
the
oooi"?
stence
of
Ccci
to
the
said
16"r'
benevol':u'.
or
rnale'o'
lVhv
hive
-
fail.h
in
11.,11
corres0oroent
thus:-lent"
He
saw
it
pul'elY
ds
God
rvhr-r
does
not
uu.ff,i
"Thereis
an
indefinahle
beucvtrlent.
Ir*ri'
he
ec'uid
po\r-erq
t0
chanee
fir"
*ortamysterious
Power
that
pef-
seethatin
tht:
lrrrdst
,
l
and make
it
1
r,,-,-,11j--of
er;J
vades-
everythins'
t
le"!
il'
death,life
per,isrcd.
r;r
th;
and
righteous
mcn?
-.lhoueh
I
donot
sec
it.It
is
miclst
i:f
untruih
tiuth
per-
Why-
sirould
no1
1,i6ieus
this
Un-seen
Pcl''er
which.rrl*6.
is
thernrilst
of
dark-
men
die
eariy as
a
result
ofmai(es
.-itselflelt
and
Yc-t
ness
lightper.isi:C.
IJence
their
vicesi".
-'--
"'
refies
all
proof'because
it
n"
gutfrbf-.d
tir.t
GoC
is
life,.
The
correspondegt
begEed
r;.so
utrlike'rtl
that
of
per-
11uth,
i,r.ght.
ile
i5
love.
i{e
of
Mahatma
,o
-.nilsh?*n
ceivethrougir
mr'
senses-
It
irtlr.
supre,meGod.
him
through
"YOUNG
Ili-
transcends
the
senses.,"But
He
is
no
Ged
uho
DIA"
anci
to
cll-lttlc
his
ciis-F,rr.r,,n
mercly
satisl
ierthe
tt:
bcirerinrc,
belief.
:
his
ciis-l
LIMITED
E*TENT
[";t'-r:3]'1i'#-'%Jli.:X';:'
(By,Vnmxn
H.
Pandit)
1''[g
wri-er
pfescn
p
ftere
an
cxlract
[rorrn
onc
of
thc
issues
oI
'Y0UNG
IN-
DIA"
cd
trrl
by
Mairatma
Gandh,.
lt
I'allorrs
the
ori-
ginalar.iclennly
to thr
ex-
tent
of
ke$r,ins
tht
uattr
11rough1
lrr{rrn
iti'
f
rank
sdlnt5siolr
liti'lt0
u+
.(
rrl)c
God
'*is
[.r
artcrirp"
iherlnpt5sihlc,"
then,
,uhich
s.or,erns
all
life
is
God
Lawand
1-hr:J,ar,,,'
giver
arc
one. I
mav
not
deny
the
Law
ur
the
L,aw'giver,
be-
Thefo]lolving
wa.s
the
an:r"ijut
it
is
pos:;ibie
llr
reason Ciorl
must
rultr
tlte
healt
ilit'l
wer
to
the
abovequcsurrrs
rlut
the
cxistencc
of
Gorlto transform
it,Ile
trrust
e>l-
{ivern
by
]\4aha.l.rna
Gandhr.
a
li,mited
exreili.
Even
in
press
I{imself
itt
e','en
the
It
offerrs
an
ovcirvhclmin|l
rr1
rj16x1'12
affairs
lve
knolv
smallest
act
cf
His
votarv.
oroof
of
his
full
faith
in
Gocl.
that
people
5ls
lloi
knorv
if,his
call
r-rnlv
be
dtlnc
It
also
proved
the
grcai.ntrs:;
wilo
rules
or
t"hy
and
horv
through
ir
dcfinitc
re;ilisattoil
of
Mahatnna
ils an
oursiitfld-
hg
r:ult:s,
And
veltliev
knoiv
niol'e:
realthan the
five
st:tl-
iitg
phik-rsopir,:r
Hcre
are
that
there
.
i-r
I
prrwer
thal
si-s
cah
e'"'er
D:(ldtice
Sense
thc
memqrable
rvords'rvhje:h
r:ertainly
rules
pr'1celttions
{ldll
bc"tfien
rvoulcl
strikethe
agcstc?irat
therc
is
r;rderli:re-qs
a.re,,
falsc-an,J
6is(cptivc'
cclme.
It
r.tould
he
H,orttr
in
the
Universe,there
is
an
hor.vever
realthcv
trtav
ap-
while
to
reerollect
the
iltei'-uualterabie
Lerv
g,overnlng
pear
to
us.
!Vhere
thcre
l3
eSr.jnq.
dialor:,le
on
Batruii's
evervthing
.rnrlevcry
being
realisation
ouiside
the
sclr
Birthdal,
CenlenxrvCelr:'cll-
that
exists
or
lii,cs.
It
is
not5ei,
it
is
infatliblc.
It
rs
l)ro-
tions
bv
alloI
us.
long
be-
a
blindlaw;
for
n6
blind
y6-dnot
[Y
extraneolts
evi-
for:e.
i1
5eenrs
to
th-'
writer.
!arv
can
govern
the
conductdence
but
in
the
transfol
rr-
that
Mahatmaii
builtby
his
of
living
bei4q5.
'l'hat
Larv,
ed
conduct
and
character
of

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