Ramprasad and his associates raised a revolutionary organization for the sole purpose of fighting againt the British imperialism in India. His revolutionary team’s membersconsisted of great freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrasekhar Azad,Bhagawati Charan Verma, Rajguru and many more. For running the organization and forbuying small weapons, they were badly in need of funds which were difficult to be raisedthrough charity etc. from public. Hence, they decided to loot the cash from the govt.treasury. On the evening of 9th August 1925, the 8-Down train was passing throughKakori near Lucknow, when Ramprasad and his nine revolutionary followers pulled thechain and stopped it. The cash from the Guard’s carriage was looted. Passengers had beentold not to be afraid as the purpose was not to harm them. With the exception of oneinnocent passenger who was killed by an accidental shot, there was no bloodshed. Thisextremely well-planned dacoity, which is known as ‘Kakori Conspiracy’, jolted theBritish Government in India. After a month of detailed preliminary inquiries andelaborate preparations, the government cast its net wide for the revolutionaries. Arrestwarrants were issued not only against the ten participants but also against other leaders of the Hindustan Republican Army. With the exception of Chandrashekhar Azad, allparticipants were caught. The case went on for over a year and a half, and death sentenceswere awarded to Ramaprasad, Ashfaqullah, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Lahiri.Ramprasad ‘Bismil’ was hanged to death in Gorakhpur jail on 19 December 1927. Hestarted writing his autobiography in his prison-cell at Gorakhpur jail and concluded it justthree days prior to being hanged. On 18 December 1927, his mother came to meet him in jail, along with his close friend, Shiv Verma. Ramprasad hid the hand-written manuscriptinside the tiffin which his mother had brought, and handed it over to Shiv Verma, whowas successful in bringing the manuscript outside jail premises. These pages were latergot printed in the shape of a book by Bhagvaticharan Verma. Soon thereafter, the printedcopies of the book were confiscated and the publication banned by the Government. AfterIndia’s Independence in 1947, this autobiography of Ramprasad Bismil was published bysome Arya Samaj outfits, including at Haryana Sahitya Sansthan, Gurukul Jhajjar,Haryana. Today, some of Bismil’s personal belongings, including a blanket which heused in jail, are kept at Haryana Archaeological Museum, Gurukul Jhajjar (Haryana).The autobiography of Ramprasad Bismil has been and will remain a source of inspirationfor youngmen of India. The text of this biography is reproduced below.Ramprasad (‘Bismil’ was his pen-name) was not only a revolutionary, but was a greatpoet also. No other patriotic song, with the exception of Bankim Chandra's ‘VandeMatram’, induced so many youngmen to lay down their lives for the country thanRamprasad Bismil's “Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna” (
The Text of this long poem is also reproduced at the end of the autobiography.