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Autobiography of Ram Prasad 'Bismil'

Autobiography of Ram Prasad 'Bismil'

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Published by Satchidananda
This is the original autobiography of Shri Ram Prasad Bismil (the great Indian revolutionary) which he finished just 3 days before going to the gallows. The autobiography is a must read for every Indian. It shows how great men are formed and how they think!!! In the end, it contains the poem 'Sarfaroshi ki Tammana' written by Shri Bismil which inspired millions to work for Bharat Ma's freedom...
This is the original autobiography of Shri Ram Prasad Bismil (the great Indian revolutionary) which he finished just 3 days before going to the gallows. The autobiography is a must read for every Indian. It shows how great men are formed and how they think!!! In the end, it contains the poem 'Sarfaroshi ki Tammana' written by Shri Bismil which inspired millions to work for Bharat Ma's freedom...

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Published by: Satchidananda on Nov 16, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/18/2013

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original

 
अम 
 
शहद 
 
ाम 
 
ूसाद 
 
'
बःमल 
'
क 
 
आमकथा 
 
(The Autobiography of Ram Prasad 'Bismil')
 
(
िदसं बर 
 
1927 
ईःवी 
 
म 
 
गोरखपुर 
 
जेल 
 
म 
 
लखी 
 
गई 
 
Introduction in English
Ramprasad Bismil was one of the great revolutionary heroes of India who sacrificed theirlives for the sake of freedom of Mother India. He was born in 1897 at Shahjahanpur,Uttar Pradesh. His father, Muralidhar, was an employee of Shahjahanpur Municipality.Ramaprasad learnt Hindi from his father and was sent to learn Urdu from a Moulvi. Healso joined an English medium school despite his father's disapproval. Bismil knewseveral languages including Hindi, English, Urdu, Sanskrit and Bengali.During his school days, Ramaprasad came into the influence of Arya Samaj which, inthose days, used to be an inspirational force for thousands of patriots like Bhagat Singh,Lajpat Rai, Chandrasekhar Azad etc. Ramprasad was also very talented in writing poetryand made Hindi translations of some Bengali books. Some of this writings include TheBolshevik Programme, A Sally of the Mind, Swadeshi Rang, and Catherine. All of hispoems have the intense patriotic feeling.
 
 Ramprasad and his associates raised a revolutionary organization for the sole purpose of fighting againt the British imperialism in India. His revolutionary team’s membersconsisted of great freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Chandrasekhar Azad,Bhagawati Charan Verma, Rajguru and many more. For running the organization and forbuying small weapons, they were badly in need of funds which were difficult to be raisedthrough charity etc. from public. Hence, they decided to loot the cash from the govt.treasury. On the evening of 9th August 1925, the 8-Down train was passing throughKakori near Lucknow, when Ramprasad and his nine revolutionary followers pulled thechain and stopped it. The cash from the Guard’s carriage was looted. Passengers had beentold not to be afraid as the purpose was not to harm them. With the exception of oneinnocent passenger who was killed by an accidental shot, there was no bloodshed. Thisextremely well-planned dacoity, which is known as ‘Kakori Conspiracy’, jolted theBritish Government in India. After a month of detailed preliminary inquiries andelaborate preparations, the government cast its net wide for the revolutionaries. Arrestwarrants were issued not only against the ten participants but also against other leaders of the Hindustan Republican Army. With the exception of Chandrashekhar Azad, allparticipants were caught. The case went on for over a year and a half, and death sentenceswere awarded to Ramaprasad, Ashfaqullah, Roshan Singh and Rajendra Lahiri.Ramprasad ‘Bismil’ was hanged to death in Gorakhpur jail on 19 December 1927. Hestarted writing his autobiography in his prison-cell at Gorakhpur jail and concluded it justthree days prior to being hanged. On 18 December 1927, his mother came to meet him in jail, along with his close friend, Shiv Verma. Ramprasad hid the hand-written manuscriptinside the tiffin which his mother had brought, and handed it over to Shiv Verma, whowas successful in bringing the manuscript outside jail premises. These pages were latergot printed in the shape of a book by Bhagvaticharan Verma. Soon thereafter, the printedcopies of the book were confiscated and the publication banned by the Government. AfterIndia’s Independence in 1947, this autobiography of Ramprasad Bismil was published bysome Arya Samaj outfits, including at Haryana Sahitya Sansthan, Gurukul Jhajjar,Haryana. Today, some of Bismil’s personal belongings, including a blanket which heused in jail, are kept at Haryana Archaeological Museum, Gurukul Jhajjar (Haryana).The autobiography of Ramprasad Bismil has been and will remain a source of inspirationfor youngmen of India. The text of this biography is reproduced below.Ramprasad (‘Bismil’ was his pen-name) was not only a revolutionary, but was a greatpoet also. No other patriotic song, with the exception of Bankim Chandra's ‘VandeMatram’, induced so many youngmen to lay down their lives for the country thanRamprasad Bismil's “Sarfaroshi ki Tamanna” (
सफ़शी 
 
क 
 
तमना 
 
अब 
 
हमाे
 
दल 
 
म
 
है
).
The Text of this long poem is also reproduced at the end of the autobiography.
 
 
ूथम
 
खड
 
आम
-
चिऽ
 
तमघ 
 
म
 
चबल 
 
नद 
 
 
कनाे
 
प 
 
द 
 
ाम 
 
आबाद 
 
,
ज 
 
वालय 
 
ाय 
 
म
 
बहत 
 
ह 
 
  ुूस 
 
ह
,
यक 
 
इन 
 
ाम 
 
 
नवासी 
 
बड़
 
उड 
 
ह
 
 
वे
 
ाय 
 
क 
 
सा 
 
क 
 
कई 
 
चता 
 
नह
 
कते
 
 
जमीदा 
 
का 
 
यह 
 
हाल 
 
है
 
क 
 
जस 
 
साल 
 
उनके
 
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म
 
आता 
 
है
 
ाय 
 
क 
 
भम 
-
क 
 
देते
 
 
औ 
 
जस 
 
साल 
 
उनक 
 
इछा 
 
नह
 
हती 
,
मालगुजा 
 
देने
 
से
 
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इका 
 
क 
 
जाते
 
 
 
यद 
 
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या 
 
कई 
 
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का 
 
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है
 
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म
 
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हते
 
ह
 
 
उनके
 
पशु
 
भी 
 
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औ 
 
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भी 
 
बीहड़ 
 
म
 
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कई 
 
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पदाथर
 
नह
 
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छ 
 
भम 
 
माफ 
 
म
 
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गई 
 
 
पहले
 
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कई 
 
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भागे
 
ह
 
 
एक 
 
बा 
 
धखे
 
से
 
पकड़ 
 
लये
 
गए 
 
त 
 
तहसील 
 
 
अधकाय 
 
ने
 
उह
 
बहत 
 
सताया 
 
 
कई   ु
 
दन 
 
तक 
 
बना 
 
खाना 
-
पानी 
 
 
बधा 
 
हने
 
दया 
 
 
अत 
 
म
 
जलाने
 
क 
 
धमक 
 
,
पै 
 
प 
 
सखी 
 
घास 
 
डालक 
 
आग 
 
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द 
 
 
कतु
 
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जमीदा 
 
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या 
 
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क 
 
अमुक 
 
य 
 
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समय 
 
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,
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क 
 
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भम 
 
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महाशय 
 
क 
 
माफ 
 
म
 
 
द 
 
गई 
 
  ु
 
इसी 
 
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क 
 
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जाने
 
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समझाने
-
बुझाने
 
से
 
वे
 
 ट 
 
वापस 
 
कए 
 
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औ 
 
अधकाय 
 
क 
 
समझाया 
 
गया 
 
क 
 
इतने
 
बड़
 
ाय 
 
म
 
थड़े
 
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वी 
 
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का 
 
नवास 
 
है
,
इनका 
 
ववस 
 
न 
 
कना 
 
ह 
 
उचत 
 
हगा 
 
 
तब 
 
तप
 
लटा 
 
ग 
 
औ 
 
ाम 
 
उड़ाये
 
जाने
 
से
 
बचे
 
 
ये
 
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अब 
 
ाय 
-
नवासय 
 
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अधक 
 
नह
 
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,
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बहधा 
 
अेजी 
 
ाय 
 
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उपिव 
 
क 
 
जाते
 
ह
 
औ   ु
 
अमी 
 
 
मकान 
 
प 
 
छापा 
 
माक 
 
ात 
-
ह 
-
ात 
 
बीहड़ 
 
म
 
दाखल 
 
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जाते
 
 
 
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म
 
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प 
 
पुलस 
 
या   ु
 
फज 
 
कई 
 
भी 
 
उनका 
 
बाल 
 
बाका 
 
नह
 
क 
 
सकती 
 
 
ये
 
दन 
 

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