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Dasar-dasar Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris

Dasar-dasar Tenses dalam Bahasa Inggris

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Published by itsumoAoi
Settingan-nya messy, meskipun dokumen asli tidak seperti ini :( (Edisi revisi bisa dilihat di http://www.scribd.com/doc/53066907/Dasar-dasar-Tenses-Bahasa-Inggris-edisi-Revisi)
Settingan-nya messy, meskipun dokumen asli tidak seperti ini :( (Edisi revisi bisa dilihat di http://www.scribd.com/doc/53066907/Dasar-dasar-Tenses-Bahasa-Inggris-edisi-Revisi)

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Published by: itsumoAoi on Nov 16, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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DOES + S-singular + V1 ?
 
IS + S-singular 
ex: Does he check his bike every Friday? ex: Is his bike checked every Friday? 
Yes, he does /No, he doesn't Yes, it is / No, It isn'
* S-plural + V1* S-jamak [they/we/I/you] + AM / ARE
ex: We check our bikes every Fridayex: Our bikes are checked every Frida
S-plural + DON'T + V1 S-plural [they/we/I/you] + AM / ARE NOT
ex: We don't check our bikes every Fridayex: Our bikes aren't checked every Frida
 
DO + S-plural + V1 ?
 
AM/ARE + S-plural
ex: Do you check your bike every Friday ?ex: Are the bikes checked every Friday? 
Yes, I do / No, I dont Yes, they are / No, they aren'
since / for…
PRESENT
* S-singular + HAS + V3* S-singular + HAS BEEN
+ V3
already / yet 
PERFECT
ex: Dr. Green has already operated the patientex: The patient has already been operate
"sudah" or "belum" 
 
* S-plural + HAVE + V3* S-plural + HAVE BEEN
ex: Dr. Green and I have already operated the ex: The patients have already been operated 
 
when u want to expresssay it withusing the formulaVERBAL ( menggunakan kata kerja)
ACTIVEPASSIVE
everyday/every month
SIMPLE
* S-singular + V1 es/s* S-singular + IS
+ V3
once/twicea day 
PRESENT
ex: He checks his bike every Friday ex: His bike is checked every Friday 
daily activities/habit/job
 
S-singular + DOESN'T +V1S-singular + ISN'T +
three times a week 
 
ex: He doesn't check his bike every Friday 
ex: His bike isn't checked every Friday 
now/right now 
PRESENT
* S-singular + IS + V1-ing
S-singular + IS BEING
+ V3
at this time/at the moment 
CONTINUOUS
ex: She is doing a research nowex: A research is being done no
Listen!..../Look!.....
 
* S-plural + AM/ARE + V1-ing* S-plural + AM/ARE BEING
ex: They are doing a research nowex: Some researches are being done no
 
 patients
since + Simple Past 
PRESENTPERFECTCONTINUOUS
* S-singular + HAS BEEN +V1-ing* S-singular + HAS BEEN BEING
+ V3
a
ex: Prof. Norman has been studying the planet sinceI was a kid ex: The planet has been being studied sinceI was a kid 
all this year 
* S-plural + HAVE BEEN + V1-ing* S-plural + HAVE BEEN BEING
all this time
ex: They have been studying the planetssince I was a kid ex: The planets have been being studied sinceI was a kid 
means/conclusion:
* S + is/am/are + still + V1-ing
Prof. Norman is still studying the planet 
or * ..began…...until now
Prof. Norman began/started studying the planet when I was a kid until now 
Yes, it was/ No, it wasn't 
* S-plural + WERE
ex: The F1 cars were checked on yesterday noon
S-plural + WEREN'T
ex: The F1 cars weren't checked on yesterday noon
 WERE + S-plural
ex: Were F1 cars checked on yesterday noon? Yes, they were/ No, they weren't 
when/while/because+ Simple Past 
PASTCONTINUOUS
* S-singular + WAS + V1-ing * S-singular + WAS BEING
+ V3
ex: Detective Graham was examining the casewhen a woman screamed ex: The case was being examined when a woman screamed 
* S-plural + WERE + V1-ing* S-plural + WERE BEING
ex: NBA members were practicing on the field when the coach cameex: The books were being arranged when the light was off 
……….before +Simple Past 
PASTPERFECT
* S (singular & plural) + HAD + V3* S (singular & plural) + HAD BEEN
+ V3
Simple Past +after…….
ex: The investigators had revealed the mystery before policearrived to the placeex: The mystery had been revealed before police came
or 
 .. Police arrived to the place after the investigators had revealed the mystery 
or 
….Police came after the mystery had been revealed 
S (singular & plural) + HADN'T + V3 S (singular & plural) + HADN'T BEEN
ex: The investigators hadn't revealed the mystery before policearrived to the placeex: The mystery hadn't been revealed before police came
HAD + S (singular & plural) + V3 ? HAD + S (singular & plural) + BEEN
ex: Had the investigator revealed the mystery before police came?ex: Had the mystery been revealed before police came? 
when u want toexpresssay it withusing the formulaVERBAL ( menggunakan kata kerja)
ACTIVE PASSIVE
yesterday 
SIMPLE PAST
* S-(plural & singular) + V2* S-singular + WAS
+ V3
last year/last…
ex: Albert Einstein found Theory of Relativityex: Theory of Relativity was found years ago
two days ago/...ago
S-(plural & singular) + DIDN'T + V1 S-singular + WASN'T
ex: Albert Einstein didn't find Theory of Relativityex: Theory of Relativity wasn't found years ago
DID + S-(plural & singular) + V1? WAS + S-singula
ex: Did Albert Einstein find Theory of Relativity ? Yes, he did/ No, he didn't ex: Was Theory of Relativity found years ago
 
when u want toexpresssay it withusing the formulaVERBAL ( menggunakan kata kerja)
ACTIVE PASSIVE
+ V3
for….before/after +Simple Past 
PASTPERFECTCONTINUOUS
 
S (singular & plural) + HAD BEEN + V1-ing
 
S (singular & plural) + HAD BEEN + BEING
ex: The scientists had been exploring human genome for ten yearsbefore the result was announced ex: Human genome had been being explored for ten yearsbefore the result was announced 
S (singular & plural) + HADN'T BEEN + V1-ing S (singular & plural) + HADN'T BEEN BEING
ex: The scientists hadn't been exploring human genome for tenyears before the result was announced ex: Human genome hadn't been being explored for ten yearsbefore the result was announced 
HAD + S (singular & plural) + BEEN + V1-ing HAD + S (singular & plural) + BEEN BEING
ex: Had the scientists been exploring human genome for ten yearsbefore the result was announced? Yes, they had ex: Had human genome been being explored for ten yearsbefore the result was announced? No, they hadn’t ex: Will the architect build a skyscraper next year? Yes, he will/ No, he won't ex: Will a skyscraper be built next year? Yes, it will/ No, it won't 
S + IS/AM/ARE + GOING TO + V1S + IS/AM/ARE + GOING TO BE
ex: She is going to continue her trip to Mexico tonightex: Ted's apartement is going to be emptied soonex: They are going to repair my portable TV tonightex: The laboratories are going to be sterilized 
S + IS/AM/ARE NOT+ GOING TO + V1 S + IS/AM/ARE NOT + GOING TO BE
ex: She isn't going to continue her trip to Mexico tonightex: His apartement isn't going to be emptieex: They are going to repair my portable TV tonightex: The laboratories aren't going to be sterilize
IS/AM/ARE + S + GOING TO + V1 ? IS/AM/ARE + S + GOING TO + BE
ex: Is she going to continue her trip to Mexico tonight? Yes, she is/ No, she isn't ex: Is Ted's apartement going to be emptied? ex: Are they going to repair your TV portable tonight? Yes, they are/ No, they aren't ex: Are the laboratories going to be emptied? 
at 2 p.m tomorrow morning 
FUTURE
S (singular & plural) + WILL BE + V1-ing S (singular & plural) + WILL BEING
+ V3
when + S. Present 
CONTINUOUS
ex: Mike will be working at 8 p.m. tomorrow nightex: The stuff will being unloaded when we arrive there
WILL + S (singular & plural) HAVE + V3 ? WILL + S (singular & plural) + HAVE BEEN
ex: Will the farmers have harvested all the fruitsby the time we get there? ex: Will all fruits have been harvested by the end of this month? 
next week/next….
SIMPLE* S (singular & plural) + WILL + V1S (singular & plural) + WILL BE
+ V3
tomorrow 
FUTURE
ex: The architect will build a skyscraper next year ex: A skyscraper will be built next year 
the day after tomorrow 
u can also say 
S (singular & plural) + WILL NOT (WON'T) + V1S (singular & plural) + WON'T BE
ex: The architect won't build a skyscraper next yearex: A skyscraper won't be built next year 
 plan (rencana)
WILL + S (singular & plural) + V1 WILL + S (singular & plural) + BEwhen u want toexpresssay it withusing the formula
 
VERBAL ( menggunakan kata kerja)
ACTIVE PASSIVE
by the time
FUTUREPERFECT
S (singular & plural) + WILL HAVE + V3S (singular & plural) + WILL HAVE BEEN
by the end of ….
ex: The farmers will have harvested all fruitsby the time we get thereex: All fruits have been harvested by the end of this month
+ V3
by then
S (singular & plural) + WON'T HAVE + V3S (singular & plural) + WON'T HAVE BEEN
ex: The farmers won't have harvested all fruitsby the time we get thereex: All fruits haven't been harvested by the end of this month

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