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Table Of Contents

Foreword to the Second Edition
THE ECOLOGY OF BUILDING MATERIALS
HOW TO USE THIS BOOK
1.1.2 Reduction of the use of materials in the building
1.1.3 Raw materials in a world context
1.2 ENERGY RESOURCES
1.2.1 Stages of energy consumption in building materials
1.2.2 Reduction of energy consumption in the building industry
REFERENCES
2 Pollution
2.1 ENERGY POLLUTION
2.2 MATERIAL POLLUTION
2.3 GLOBAL WARMING
2.3.1 Climate emissions from the building sector
2.3.2 Carbon processes in building materials
2.4 OTHER POLLUTANTS
2.4.1 Environmental poisons
2.4.2 Substances that reduce the ozone layer
2.4.4 Formation of photochemical oxidants (low ozone)
2.4.5 Eutrophicating substances
2.5 REDUCTION OF POLLUTION IN THE PRODUCTION OF MATERIALS
2.6 REDUCTION OF POLLUTION IN CONSTRUCTION, USE AND DEMOLITION
3 Local production and the human ecological aspect
3.1 THE QUALITY OF WORK
3.2 TECHNOLOGY
3.4 RECONNECTING TO THE NATURAL SYSTEMS
4 The chemical and physical properties of building materials
4.1 AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CHEMISTRY OF BUILDING MATERIALS
4.1.2 Weights of the substances in a chemical reaction
4.1.3 Supply and release of energy in chemical reactions
4.1.4 Other conditions for chemical processes
4.2 IMPORTANT FACTORS IN THE PHYSICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS
Further Reading for Part 1
5 Water and air
6 Minerals
6.1 METALLIC MINERALS
6.2 METALS IN BUILDING
6.2.5 Secondary building metals
6.3 NON-METALLIC MINERALS
6.4 NON-METALLIC MINERAL BASIC MATERIALS IN BUILDING
7 Stone
7.1 PRODUCTION OF BUILDING STONE
7.1.2 Dividing and cutting blocks
7.1.4 Crushed stone or stone block?
8 Soil materials
8.1 SOIL MATERIALS IN BUILDING
8.2 SAND AND GRAVEL AS AGGREGATE IN CEMENT PRODUCTS
8.3 EARTH AS A BUILDING MATERIAL
8.3.1 Finding and extracting raw materials
8.3.2 Deciding technical properties
8.3.3 Moisture and shrinkage
8.3.4 The preparation of earth
8.4 BRICK AND OTHER FIRED CLAY PRODUCTS
8.4.2 Manufacture of ceramic tiles
8.4.3 Production of light expanded clay
8.4.4 Fired clay products and reduced energy consumption
9 Fossil oils
9.1 THE BASIC MATERIALS
9.1.2 Solvents and other chemicals
9.2 PLASTICS IN BUILDING
9.2.1 Pollution related to the most important building plastics
9.2.2 Durability of plastic products
10 Plants
10.1.2 Climbing plants and hedges
10.2.2 The durability of timber
10.3 GRASSES AND OTHER SMALL PLANTS
10.4 BUILDING CHEMICALS FROM PLANTS
11 Materials of animal origin
12 Industrial by-products
12.1 INDUSTRIAL GYPSUM
12.4 BLAST FURNACE SLAG
12.7 FIBROUS CELLULOSE SLUDGE
REFERENCE
Further Reading for Part 2
13 Structural materials
13.1 METAL STRUCTURES
(Figure 13.2)
13.2 CONCRETE STRUCTURES
NOISE REGULATION
14.1 SNOW AS A CLIMATIC MATERIAL
14.2 METAL-BASED MATERIALS
14.3 MATERIALS BASED ON NON-METALLIC MINERALS
14.3.4 Perlite and pumice products
(Figure 14.8)
14.4 FIRED CLAY MATERIALS
14.5 EARTH AND SAND AS CLIMATIC MATERIALS
14.6 BITUMEN BASED MATERIALS
14.7 PLASTIC MATERIALS
14.8 TIMBER MATERIALS
14.8.1 Sawdust and wood shavings
14.9 MOSS AND GRASS MATERIALS
14.12 MATERIALS BASED ON ANIMAL PRODUCTS
14.13 MATERIALS BASED ON RECYCLED TEXTILES
15 Surface materials
15.1 METAL SURFACE MATERIALS
15.2 NON-METALLIC MINERAL SURFACE MATERIALS
15.3 STONE SURFACE MATERIALS
15.5 SURFACES OF EARTH
15.6 BITUMEN-BASED MATERIALS
15.7 PLASTIC SURFACE MATERIALS
15.8 LIVING PLANT SURFACES
15.8.2 Wall cladding with plants
15.9 TIMBER SHEET MATERIALS
(Figure15.24)
15.9.4 Natural rubber (latex)
15.12 CARPETS AND TEXTILES
16 Windows, doors and stairs
16.1 WINDOWS AND DOORS
16.1.1 Glass and methods of installation
16.1.4 Plastic and aluminium windows and doors
17 Fixings and connections
17.2 CHEMICAL BINDERS
18 Paint, varnish, stain and wax
18.1 CONDITIONS FOR PAINTING
18.2 THE MAIN INGREDIENTS OF PAINT
18.3 PAINTS WITH MINERAL BINDERS
18.4 PAINTS WITH ORGANIC BINDERS
18.4.1 Synthetic paints and varnish
19 Impregnating agents, and how to avoid them
19.1 CHOOSING HIGH QUALITY MATERIAL
19.2 STRUCTURAL PROTECTION OF EXPOSED COMPONENTS
19.3 METHODS OF PASSIVE IMPREGNATION
19.4 METHODS OF ACTIVE IMPREGNATION
Further Reading for Part 3
Index
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The Ecology of Building Materials

The Ecology of Building Materials

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Published by Andreea Chiser

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Published by: Andreea Chiser on Feb 02, 2012
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12/30/2012

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