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F.E. Walker- Estimating Production and Repair Effort in Blast-Damaged Petroleum Refineries

F.E. Walker- Estimating Production and Repair Effort in Blast-Damaged Petroleum Refineries

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Published by: Tremann on Feb 02, 2012
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T
IMATING
PRODUCTION4
AND
REPAIR
EFFORT
BLAST-
DAMAGED
PETROLEUMREFINERIES
OFFICE
OF
CIVIL
DEFENSE
OFFICE
0'
THE
SECRETARY
OF
THE
ARMY
WASHINGTON,
0.
C.
2310
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SRISTANF03ED
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FIrnl
Raport
July
I9
Detachobit
Summery
ESTIMATING
PRODUCTION
AND
REPAIR
EFFORT
IN
BLAST-DAMAGED
PETROLEUM
REFINERIES
By:
F.
E.
WALKER
PfJut
for,
OFFICF
OF
CIVIL
DEFENSE
OFFICE
OF
THESECRETARY
OF
THE
ARMY
WASHINGTON.
D.
C.
20310
OCD
CONTRACT DAHC
20-67-C-0138
OCO
WORK
UNIT
3311CSRI
Projo
MU
6300-620
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DETACHABLE
SUW4ARY
Method
Developed
The
studyeffort
was
directed
toward
developing
a
method
forrapidly
estimating
to
what
exteatpetroleumrefinerieswould
be
affected
in
the
event
of
a
nuclearattack
on
the
United
States.The
methoddeveloped
en-ables
the
user
to
estimate
the
repair
requirements,
and
the
correspondingproductioncapabilities,
of
petroleumrefineriesafter
blastdamage
from
overpressures
of
0.5,
1,5,
and
10
psi.
Thus,
itis
possible
to
predict
what
a
given
level
oi
repair
effortwillbuy
in
terms
of
petroleumprod-
ucts,when
itis
knownwhichrefinery
is
hit,
andwith
what
overpressure.
The
estimating
method
%,.s
used
during
the
study
to
produce
thefol-
lowingmajorconclusions:
0
After
0.3-0.5
psi,
a
refinery
can
produce
the
same
proportion
of
products
but
at
about
70
percent
ofthe
initial
capacity.
This
reflects
the
assumptton
thatatthis
overpressurerefinery
capac-
ity
is
directlyrelated
to
remainingcooling
tower
capacity.
*
After
1.0
psi,
a
refinerytemporarily
shuts
down,
but
withminoremergency
repair
to
processcontrols,
it
can
operate
at
about
50
percent
of
initial
capacity,
a
After
1.5
psi,
a
refinery
is
totally
shut
down,primarilybecause
of
process
control
damage
by
roof
collapse
in
each
of
the
numer-
ous
individualrefining
processcontrol
rooms.
Vulnerability
at
higheroverpressures
is
summarized
in
Section
IV.
The
physical
items
needed
for
refineryrepair
afterblast damageare:
S-1

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